Đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30/4 lần thứ XXVII - năm 2023 là kỳ thi hằng năm dành cho học sinh khối 10 và 11 từ Đà Nẵng trở vào, thu hút 2.622 thí sinh từ 68 cơ sở giáo dục trên toàn khu vực phía Nam tham gia thi ở 10 môn, trong đó có Tiếng Anh.

     Để giúp các thí sinh chuẩn bị tốt cho kỳ thi năm tiếp thieo, tài liệu "Đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 lần thứ XXVII - năm 2023 môn Tiếng Anh - Khối 11 có đáp án" được cập nhật đầy đủ đề thi và đáp án chi tiết. Tài liệu này có thể tải xuống dưới dạng file PDF tại website Tài liệu diệu kỳ.

     Ngoài ra, giáo viên và học sinh có thể truy cập địa chỉ https://hmnhut.blogspot.com/ để tham khảo đề và đáp án của tất cả các môn khác, bao gồm Toán, Vật lí, Hóa học, Sinh học, Lịch sử, Địa lí, Ngữ văn và Tiếng Pháp, cho cả hai khối lớp 10 và 11.



SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN LÊ HỒNG PHONG KỲ THI OLYMPIC TRUYỀN THỐNG 30 THÁNG 4 LẦN THỨ XXVII - NĂM 2023 Ngày thi: 08/4/2023 MÔN THI: ANH - KHỐI: 11 THỜI GIAN: 180 phút Đề thị có 10 trang ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC Thí sinh làm phần trắc nghiệm (MULTIPLE CHOICE) trên phiếu trả lời trắc nghiệm và phần tự luận (WRITTEN TEST) trên phiếu trả lời tự luận. * Phần mã đề thi trên phiếu trắc nghiệm, thí sinh tô vào ô 001. A. MULTIPLE CHOICE (50 PTS): I. LEXICO-GRAMMAR (40 PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences 1. We want to expand the business but I fear the economic situation is going to put everything in a holding A. position for a while. B. pattern C. condition D. circumstance 2. Since a large percentage of her students failed the exam, the teacher decided to give them a second bite at A. the apple by allowing them to take the test again. B. the pie C. the peach 3. The novel depicts the state of adolescence and the rites of A. passage 4. The unions A. outplayed C. threshold D. the cherry that lead to adulthood. D. pathway B. doorway their hand in the end and failed to get the pay rise they wanted. D. overdid B. overplayed C. outdid 5. John was not surprised when his boss criticized his work again; it was A. par for the course B. thick on the ground C. a nervous wreck in that company. D. red tape 6. The bed had been made, fresh towels were in the bathroom and everything was A. rant and rave B. down and out C. spick and span B. follow B. instinct D. fair and square the line and follow the coach's instructions. D. toe C. face 7. When playing on a team, it is important to A. stand 8. After years of practicing yoga, waking up early in the morning has become second A. routine C. nature 9. When my boss goes on vacation, I have free the way I see fit. A. rein B. right C. reign 10. The fact that she is having an affair with her boss is husband. A. blindingly 11. He drove A. mindless B. utterly D. sense to me. to make decisions and run the department C. radically D. authority obvious to everyone except her D. highly of the speed limit, putting himself and other drivers in danger. B. heedless C. senseless D. headless 12. With her excellent academic performance and impressive interview, she knew she was definitely a chance of getting the job. A. up for B. on with

13. His figure bears witness to his A. taciturn B. banal C. in on D. in with appetite for the pleasures of the table. C. insatiable D. germane 14. When the evidence of his misconduct became irrefutable, he saw that his position was not and resigned. A. brackish B. overt 15. The novel is A. infused - C. tenable D. myopic D. diffused with humour it is guaranteed to keep you laughing. B. inferred C. extricated 1 "Yes, he's quite a craftsman, 16. Their vacation was a welcome A. delay B. suspension from stress. C. halt 17. I didn't find the movie particularly interesting. It was just a predictable plot. A. run-of-the-mill B. state-of-the-art 18. "Bob has made most of the furniture in his house." A. of all accounts 19. I'm trying to get the Η D. respite romantic comedy with a C. middle-of-the-road D. happy-go-lucky B. on all accounts C. in all accounts D. by all accounts A. know-how 20. Don't A. knead B. discard of driving this car. B. idea me! I'm not in the mood for any of your nonsense. C. bug C. hold D. hang D. revel 21. She experienced A. killing B. shooting pains in her lower back every time she bent over to pick something up. D. pumping 22. It is rumored that the victim was reckless driving. B. turned in C. splitting by the driver so that she would not take him to court for C. taken off D. brought off a fault, always speaking her mind even when it wasn't the most A. bought off 23. She was honest appropriate time to do so. A. in B. with 24. Learning English isn't so difficult once you A. get down to it B. get off it

25. Sometimes a postman ran should go. A. away with B. up with 26. Beaches were A. sealed off C. to C. get on it D. of D. get down with it some terrible handwriting and didn't know where the letter C. up against D. without as police searched for canisters of toxic waste from the damaged ship. B. cut off 27. Bringing up his past failures was always a altogether. A. hurtful B. aching C. locked up D. kept out point for him, so we tried to avoid the topic 28. The argument between the two colleagues finally came had to be separated by their coworkers. A. to a point B. to a head C. painful D. sore during the meeting, and they D. to a standstill path C. to a halt 29. On the return trip, we cut straight across the meadows rather than take the more along the river. A. murky 30. Any library B. devious C. unwonted D. credulous D. in the cards has a variety of both print and digital encyclopedias. B. fit to be tied C. worth its sail A. down the line 31. The housepainter was tempted to rush, but he knew that A. a stitch in time saves nine C. drastic times call for drastic measures. 32. After any exam, I am always A. in the air 33. He had all week B. at odds B. cream always rises to the top D. every cloud has a silver lining waiting for the result. C. at loggerheads D. on tenterhooks all his hopes on winning the championship game, but unfortunately, his team lost in the final minutes of the match. A. affixed 34. She denied the accusation A. to be 35. The lecture B. pinned C. attached D. put true. She felt innocent. B. being C. to being D. of being focused on theory only turned out to lose attraction from the audience. A. the first part of it B. of which the first part C. which the first part D. whose part first a person as Theo. 36. I've yet A. to meet as infuriating C. met as infuriating 37. The river B. to have met such infuriating D. been meeting such infuriating with fish, the campers were so excited about another fishing trip. C. was abounded D. abounding A. being abounded B. abounded 2 38. The answers given by the Customs Officer other questions. A. were hardly clearer. The journalists seemed to have no C. needn't have been D. couldn't have been 39. The writer asked that his collection of recordings and written documents in secret. B. might not be B. would keep C. be kept C. did it D. had kept ? D. hadn't it 40. She believed that the last act of the play had no connection to the previous, A. were kept A. wouldn't she B. didn't it II. GUIDED CLOZE (10 PTS): Read the text below and decide which answer best fits each space. land once rich with biodiversity and vegetation. Eleven to combat land degradation and bring back native stems In Africa, scientists are hard at work (41) countries in the Sahel-Sahara region have (42). plant life to the landscape. In recent years, northern Africa has seen the quality of arable land decline (43) due to climate change and poor land management. Uniting under the banner of the Great Green Wall initiative, national and regional leaders hope to (44) this trend. The project has since (45) to include countries in both northern and western Africa. Land degradation (46) from both human-related and natural factors; overfarming, overgrazing, climate change, and extreme weather are the most (47) causes. Beyond affecting land and the natural environment, this also poses serious (48) to agricultural productivity, food security, and quality of life. Nowhere is this issue more urgent than in sub-Saharan Africa, where an

(49) 500 million people live on land undergoing desertification, the most (50) form of land degradation. 41. A. recreating 42. A. joined 43. A. amazingly 44. A. turn 45. A. stretched 46. A. typically 47. A. common 48. A. hostilities 49. A. anticipated 50. A. ultimate B. repairing B. merged C. rejuvenating C. amalgamated C. significantly C. twist B. impressively B. reverse B. increased B. specifically B. ordinary B. threats B. expected B. WRITTEN TEST (100 PTS) C. expanded C. understandably C. lacklustre B. consumate C. aggressions C. approximated C. supreme I. READING COMPREHENSION (40 PTS): Passage A D. restoring D. bonded D. stunningly D. manoeuvre D. fattened D. strictly D. bland D. conflicts D. estimated D. extreme In the text below, six paragraphs have been removed. Read the text and choose from paragraphs A-G the one which fits each gap. There is ONE extra paragraph which you do not need to use. A New Leaf It's the time of year for students to promise themselves a new start, when they traditionally take a hard look at their personal habits right now, promise themselves no more food binges, fewer late nights and more punctual essays. (1) Along with 12 other teenagers, I'm spending a month on Kibbutz Lotan in the middle of the desert in southern Israel. We are a living social experiment: a self-sustaining, ecological village. My home is a dome made of mud, clay, straw and a waterproofing layer of turpentine and recycled cooking oil, which I share with three others. (2) 3 It's a massive change from the lives that most of us lead back in London. We've replaced Starbucks and shellac nails with shovels; it's taken some time to get over the culture shock. (3) After breakfast in the communal dining hall, we have permaculture and ecology lessons about the ethics of genetically modified crops, maintaining compost heaps, caring for the animals and keeping morale up throughout the long, hot days. We shovel goat and cow manure and build mud walls for the kibbutz kindergarten. (4) A simpler, more sustainable, ecologically ethical lifestyle is an achievable feat if you start on a small scale, adds another participant Dan Apter. He feels that people don't know that shovelling shit is such fun. (5) Yet even in this utopia, the books have to balance. Like many kibbutzim nowadays, this one has been privatised to ensure its economic survival. But it is still a place where members debate issues such as whether it's ethical to maintain a dairy, the extent of communal responsibility, and how to fairly distribute resources. (6) I think my time here is preparing me for my studies at UCL next year. I am learning interpersonal skills, such as managing conflict and counselling, as well as solid practical skills: I cook for lots of people and I can deseed a donated pomegranate in no time. In many ways, the chaotic life here is like that of a student house with just a few more rowdy housemates. - The Tribune Missing paragraphs: A. Our days start with an 8am wake-up, which is horribly early for me, but late for the real kibbutz workers who rise as early as 1am to milk the cows. We start the chores before breakfast by cleaning the kitchen, loos and showers, and feeding the biogas with yesterday's food scraps. B. I'm Emma Jacobs, and I'm working on a kibbutz in the Israeli desert. For my generation, rising global temperatures are the norm and a clear threat to out future. So it is important that we explore alternative, sustainable ways to live. That's why I am spending my gap year learning how to farm in the desert and recycle poo. C. I've found there's more to the kibbutz experience than just an ecological education. We're learning to live a truly communual life. It can be tough, but living in an intentional community feels like valuable training for university and a life of work. D. It's a modern hut with a fan, plugs and even air-con. The village has compost toilets, solar showers, a sustainable kitchen with biogas and a bike-cum-washing machine that provides a work-out.

E. Several times, I've needed to invent an excuse to go to a private place in some unused part of the house. One of these is the reading room, a cold, dank space which no one uses in the winter, where I freeze in solitude for a bit, just to get away from the commotion. F. This time next year, I'll be at Leeds University. I may not need to pick dates, farm or manage a compost loo there, but I'll take the broader lessons that I'm learning on the kibbutz with me. I know it will affect the decisions I make about all sorts of things, from which products to buy to how to use transport. And it's given me all kinds of ideas for the future. G. Working with animal dung is weirdly liberating for us townies. Another participant, Max Klass feels that being on kibbutz has made us feel less materialistic. He's never worked with animals before but says getting up close to the cows and goats is bringing outside his rough and ready Passage B Read the following passage and choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best. The search for Earth-like planets 4 1. Astronomers have discovered more than 400 exoplanets, or, planets outside our solar system. Some of these planets have Earth-like qualities. However, many of these exoplanets are as large as Jupiter, and it is unlikely that they are habitable. A planet in the 'habitable zone' means the planet is located at a distance from its sun suitable enough to allow for the existence of water on its surface. This is called the 'Goldilocks position,' meaning the planet is neither too hot, nor too cold. 2. In order to find planets that are light years from our own solar system, astronomers use two types of telescope, each with sensitive instruments that employ special techniques, to aid in the acquisition of data: ground-based and orbiting telescopes. In 2007, a team of Swiss scientists discovered the first Earth-like planet outside of our solar system, Gliese 581, estimated to be approximately 50 percent bigger than Earth. Located about 20.5 light years from our world, Gliese 581 orbits a red dwarf star. To identify this new planet, the astronomy team used a spectroscopic instrument known as HARPS, which is linked to a 3.6-meter telescope at the European Southern Observatory in La Silla, Chile. Spectroscopic instruments use a Doppler, or 'wobble' technique, to identify radial velocity - how fast a star moves toward or away from the point of observation. By analyzing the wavelength of light emitted from a star, the instrument is therefore able to calibrate the mass of a planet in the star's orbit. With the wobble technique, astronomers are only able to perceive a planet that is less than 160 light years from Earth. Employing this technique can be slow, because astronomers must wait for the planet to make one complete orbit of its sun in order to confirm their data. 3. Though earth-bound telescopic systems like HARPS at La Silla play a prominent role in space exploration, orbiting telescopes, like the Hubble Space Telescope and the Kepler Orbiting Telescope, can provide astrophysicists with different data. Circling 380 miles above the Earth, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is about the size of a yellow school bus. Soon after its launch in 1990, astronomers were shocked to find that images sent back by the Hubble were slightly blurry due to a defective mirror. To remedy this problem, NASA created a special lens for the Hubble, similar to the way eyeglasses correct human eyesight. In a special mission, a team of astronauts serviced the Hubble by mounting this corrective lens. They also added several other specialized instruments, including an infrared camera and a spectrograph, which is used to analyze light. Among the Hubble's discoveries are new planets, newly born stars, various nebulae, and even collisions of asteroids on the planet Jupiter. In joint observation with several ground-based telescopes, the Hubble found several exoplanets that exist in a habitable zone from their stars. It is also credited with the discovery of a molecule of methane gas in the atmosphere of a Jupiter- sized exoplanet, supporting the theory of life forms in space. 4. In 2009, NASA launched the Kepler Orbiting Telescope. Its primary task is to focus on or, "stare at" the stars. Instead of orbiting the Earth like the Hubble, it "trails" the Earth, meaning it travels behind the Earth's orbit around the Sun. The Kepler's mission is to observe about 150,000 stars and determine if these stars contain planetary systems, most particularly, habitable planets. Unlike the La Silla and Hubble telescopes, the Kepler Orbiting Telescope uses a photometric instrument to measure light emanating from a star. When a planet passes in front of a star (similar to an observation of Mercury or Venus crossing in front of the Sun), the Kepler telescope analyzes a change in the intensity of light emitted by that star. This process allows astronomers to evaluate and examine the data further to determine if one or more planets may orbit the star. 5

. The Kepler Orbiting Telescope accomplished its primary objective in 2010: to find Earth-like planets. It discovered seven planets- some almost as large as Jupiter - beyond our solar system. While many astrophysicists and astro-biologists have argued the unlikelihood of life forms on other planets, the data from the Kepler Orbiting Telescope suggests the contrary. 7. In paragraph 1, why does the author use the phrase 'the Goldilocks position'? A. To support the concept of Earth-like exoplanets B. To demonstrate the unlikelihood of a planet being Earth-like C. To illustrate the difference between a habitable and uninhabitable planet D. To explain the conditions needed for a planet to be considered habitable 5 اسد 8. In paragraph 2, all of the following are true about Gliese 581 EXCEPT A. It is half the size larger than Earth B. It is probably in a habitable zone C. It is in our solar system D. It has its own sun 9. In paragraph 2, which of the following best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence? Incorrect answer choices change the meaning or leave out essential information. A. Wobble techniques are used to demonstrate the use of a spectroscope. B. Using the wobble technique, spectroscopic instruments can determine a star's speed. C. A star can move very fast away from the Earth, therefore it is necessary to use a wobble technique. D. In radial velocity, a star can move so quickly that it wobbles, which can be seen by using a telescope. 10. According to paragraph 3, what problem did the Hubble Space Telescope have? A. Its mirror was flawed B. NASA damaged its mirror C. A lens on its camera was broken D. It did not have an infrared camera 11. Why does the author mention the molecule of methane in paragraph 3? A. To support his statement about habitable planets B. To give evidence of one of the Hubble Space Telescope's uses C. To give the Hubble credit for the discovery of a new gas D. To illustrate the possibility for the existence of other life forms in the universe 12. According to paragraph 4, what can be inferred about the Kepler's main purpose? A. To search for new planets B. To focus on threatening asteroids C. To trail closely behind the Earth's orbit D. To determine if star systems contain potentially habitable planets 13. The author of the passage suggests that A. the Kepler Orbiting Telescope did not meet its goals. B. the Kepler's data proves that life beyond our solar system is unlikely. C. most scientists doubt the usefulness of the Kepler Orbiting Telescope. D. the discovery of Earth-like planets does not mean they are habitable. Passage C Read the following passage and choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best. Fighting talk It would seem that some people are simply incapable of settling scores amicably at work and practising some good old-fashioned forgiveness. A high court judge was recently forced to order two doctors who were unable to settle a personal dispute to divide their surgery in two by building a wall right through their medical practice. You might think that doctors Anne Rodway, 65, and Paul Landy, 49, were old enough to know better but somehow the two could not manage to work alongside each other. The two set up their partnership three 6 years ago in Sevenoaks, Kent, but stopped talking just three months after their business started. Both staff and around 3,500 patients have been asked to decide on which side their loyalties lie as the practice is formally divided - especially difficult for the staff, who have already had to become used to being paid separately by the warring doctors. Although an extreme case, it demonstrates just how bad things can get when communication and understanding breaks down between colleagues at work. Office feuds can be experienced in even the friendliest of environments. But what to do when faced with one? Whether you are involved directly or an innocent bystander watching others curdle the workplace. atmosphere, Jane Clarke, author of Office Politics, offers some sound advice. 'On the whole, people do not like dealing with conflict, but it is very important to grab the bull by the horns. If you feel you are able to, you should try and sort it out. If not, the very least you can do is report it to a manager who should make sure that workers know that bad behaviour in the workplace will not be tolerated'. But what causes acrimony in the first place? Reasons can be as diverse as a clash of personalities, jealousy, backstabbing or a simple misunderstanding. Whatever the cause, there has to be a strong desire to solve the problem if things are to get better. If you are personally involved - and almost all of us have been in one way or another then the best thing to do, says Clarke, is to try to put yourself in the other person's shoes. Easier said than done, since empathy is not an easy emotion to come by, even to the most virtuous. -

'Often it is easy to dump on the other person and blame them totally for the situation but remember it is your problem and you have a responsibility to try to resolve it', say Clarke. Listening skills are vital. If the problem is between other colleagues, things can be a bit trickier. You may not be the gallant sort - practising an unhealthy dose of denial is often what most people would prefer to do but ignoring the situation will not make it go away. — So what are your options? 'If you feel you are up to it, try talking with the feuding parties individually and try to understand what the issue is,' advises Clarke. 'Make it clear that it is not an acceptable state of affairs.' Mediation is another option; get the two parties to sit together and act as a buffer zone. You might have the urge to bash their heads together, but it won't be terribly constructive. As Clarke says. "Sometimes it is a case of translating. People are often so different that it seems that they speak a different language.' Any meetings between disputing colleagues should have some follow-up. All involved should be made aware of the next steps - failing to do this could mean that the situation repeats itself. Negative energy between people need not produce bad karma. Harnessed creatively, it can actually become a positive force. So, if you are having problems with the office dullards who insist on putting downers on any bright new ideas you might have, use their criticism and objections as a way of really testing a brainwave. Surely, if it can survive them, it can survive anyone. Try looking at people's weaknesses as strengths: assign a pedant to research the finer details of a project; the loudmouth of the office can always be pushed forward when it comes to public speaking. Disputes and ill feelings can arise both among employees or between employee and employer, a fact clearly illustrated by the record numbers of people who contacted the conciliation service ACAS over the past year. Reassuringly, however, 76 percent of cases were settled through mediation - an indication, perhaps, that rather than working on building walls in the workplace, we should be bringing them down. 14. In telling the story of the two doctors, the writers suggests they A. didn't give their partnership enough of a chance B. were totally incompatible from day one C. should have been able to resolve their problems D. were introverted and intolerant people 7 15. What main point is the doctors' story used to illustrate? A. Conflicts at work divide staff and clients B. The failure of relationships at work can have serious consequences C. Work conflicts can happen where you at least expect them D. It is not always easy to know how to handle conflicts at work 16. What is Jane Clarke's advice to anyone caught up in an office dispute? A. Seek appropriate advice B. Get in touch with your feelings C. Write a report to your manager D. Take an appropriate action 17. According to Jane Clarke, office disputes A. occur for any number of reasons B. are caused in the first instance by acrimonious feelings C. are usually attributable to personality differences. D. are rarely the result of office politics. 18. Work conflicts will not get resolved unless both parties A. have a personal involvement B. accept the blame for the situation C. want to find a solution D. are willing to change places with each other 19. What does them refer to? A. problems B. office dullards C. downers 20. Which of the following best describes the style of the article? A. constructive and straightforward C. understanding and empathetic D. bright new ideas B. detached and critical D. ironic and dismissive or II. CLOZE TEST (20 PTS): Read the text below and complete each space with ONE suitable word. Since the earliest times, humans have sought out ways to preserve their food whether (1) hunted. Depending on the climate, these early humans froze meat on ice or dried food in the hot sun. in order to preserve it. Subsequently, they no longer had to keep moving after a meal in (2)_ of the next hunt or new land to harvest. They could store some of their food supply for later use and settle down as a group. Throughout history various methods of hot and cold preservations were employed by different civilizations. When natural climate conditions were not conducive, other (3) such as fire were used to dry fruits and vegetables as done in the "still houses" of the middle ages.

For cooling, often lower than (4) temperatures were used to prolong (5) life. Underground caves proved to be effective for that purpose. Ice boxes and finally refrigeration followed. In the 1800s, the canning method was developed by a French confectioner named Nicolas Appert. Appert believed that it was the exclusion of (6) that prevented food from spoiling. Therefore, his method involved sealing cooked food in glass jars with cork stoppers. Once sealed, the jars were immersed in boiling water to drive the air out. (7) Even today with advanced food preservation, technologies and reseach, people are still concerned about where their food comes from and how it is (8) For whatever the reasons, (9) it food allergies or worries over contamination, home food preservation is on the rise with classes now being offered as people take it upon (10) to preserve their own food. 8 III. WORD FORMATION: (20 PTS) PART 1: Complete each sentence, using the correct form of the word in parentheses. 1. The transmission of the disease can occur through genetic mutations or by sharing contaminated objects, and it is important to take measures to prevent its spread within families. (FAMILY) 2. The director change of cast. (RUE) admitted that he had made a wrong decision when suggesting a last-minute 3. Many of the descriptions of the celestial bodies are purely 4. The (CONJECTURE) character in the movie was able to transform into any animal or object, which made them nearly impossible to catch. (SHAPE) 5. After receiving encouragement from her mentor, she felt confidence and determination. (BOLD) to pursue her dreams with more. 6. The customer's impertinent behavior towards the waiter was completely 7. With the new voice-activated assistant, I can make driving. (HAND) 8. The for. (CALL) calls and send messages while suit worn by the astronaut provided protection against the extreme temperatures and lack of oxygen in space. (SPACE) 9. During the meeting, the manager kept the same point over and over again, causing everyone to lose interest in the discussion. (LABOUR) 10. Don't waste your footloose and marriage and parenthood. (FANCY) days because you won't have as much freedom after PART 2: Fill in the blank with an appropriate form of one of the words given in the box to make a meaningful passage. fruit nature head moist afford alarm adjust fronting optimum emit How harmful can a building be to our planet? Globally, greenhouse gas emissions from buildings account for about 40% of total emissions and construction accounts for about a third of total energy use. We can no longer turn a blind eye to these (1) statistics, we must address building and construction energy (2) Fortunately, through legislation and policies, many countries hope to achieve energy-neutral construction processes for buildings in the near future. In other words, sustainable or at least energy efficient construction will create buildings that are passive and produce no emissions, otherwise known as (3), buildings (ZEBs).

ZEBs are equipped with tilting solar panels, that are (4), both horizontally and vertically to capture and maximum amount of solar energy possible, as well as solar collectors for storing the energy. Smart thermostats (5) heating when the building is occupied. ZEBS are made of smart building materials such as heat-conserving brick and concrete that (6) trap heat. In some ZEBS, room temperatures are kept steady by wood laminated with beeswax that reacts with (7)_ air. Ground-fed climate systems like geothermal walls tap into the earth's surface and use a pump to move heat into a building during winter, and take it out during the summer - all with minimal energy expenditure. (8) and practicality are also at the (9). in the of ZEB designs because without these factors, their widespread implementation wouldn't come to (10) The future of the planet does depend on sustainable building practices and ZEBS are leading the way in this endeavour. 9 IV. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION: (20 PTS) Rewrite the following sentences with the given words or beginning in such a way that their meanings remain unchanged. You MUST NOT change the given words in any way. 1. Helen was so sorry that she couldn't attend Susan's birthday party. (MAKE) → Helen greatly 2. We were lucky to narrowly win the championship. (BREADTH) →It was by a 3. There are widespread rumours that the annual budget will be significantly reduced. (BONE) → The annual budget 4. There's no way he cancels the trip so near the departure date. (QUESTION) → There's 5. You'd better start studying seriously. (KNUCKLED) → I'd 6. Without financial backing, the project couldn't go as planned. (WANT) → The project fell 7. You are responsible to find out what caused her depression. (ON) →It's up 8. Although some members objected to the proposal, it met with the council's approval. (GO-AHEAD) →Notwithstanding 9. I won't change my mind, no matter what you say. (BLUE) → You can talk 10. Because of his arrogance, nobody was willing to help him. (FULL) → Had he --------- HÉT ---- Họ tên thí sinh: Truong: Cán bộ coi thi không giải thích gì thêm. SBD: Tỉnh/TP: 10 SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN LÊ HỒNG PHONG KỲ THI OLYMPIC TRUYỀN THỐNG 30 THÁNG 4 LẦN THỨ XXVII - NĂM 2023 ĐÁP ÁN CHÍNH THỨC MÔN: TIẾNG ANH - KHỐI: 11 Phần trắc nghiệm (50 pts) LEXICO-GRAMMAR (1 pt each) 1. B. pattern 2. D. the cherry 3. A. passage 4. B. overplayed 5. A. par for the course 6. C. spick and span 7. D. toe 8. C. nature 9. A. rein 10. A. blindingly 11. B. heedless 12. D. in with 13. C. insatiable 14. C. tenable GUIDED CLOZE (1 pt each) 41. D. restoring 15. A. infused 16. D. respite 17. A. run-of-the-mill 18. D. by all accounts 19. D. hang 20. C. bug 21. B. shooting 22. A. bought off 23. C. to 24. A. get down to it 25. C. up against 26. A. sealed off 27. D. sore 28. B. to a head 29. B. devious 30. C. worth its sail 31. A. a stitch in time saves nine 32. D. on tenterhooks 33. B. pinned 34. A. to be 35. B. of which the first part 36. A. to meet as infuriating 37. D. abounding 38.

D. couldn't have been 39. C. be kept 40. C. did it 42. A. joined 43. C. significantly 44. B. reverse 45. C. expanded 46. A. typically 47. A. common 48. B. threats 49. D. estimated 50. D. extreme Phần tự luận (100 pts) READING COMPREHENSION 40pts (2 pts each) 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. G 5. C 6. F 7. D To explain the conditions needed for a planet to be considered habitable 8. C It is in our solar system 9. B Using the wobble technique, spectroscopic instruments can determine a star's speed. 10. A Its mirror was flawed. 11. D To illustrate the possibility for the existence of other life forms in the universe 12. D To determine if star systems contain potentially habitable planets 13. D the discovery of Earth-like planets does not mean they are habitable. 14. C should have been able to resolve their problems 15. B The failure of relationships at work. can have serious consequences 16. D Take an appropriate action 17. A occur for any number of reasons 18. C want to find a solution 19. B office dullards 20. A constructive and straightforward 1 CLOZE TEST 20pts (2 pts each) 1. harvested 2. search 3. means/methods 4. freezing 5. shelf WORD FORMATION 20pts (1 pt each) PART 1 1. interfamilial 2. ruefully 3. conjectural 4. shape-shifting 5. emboldened 6. uncalled 7. hands-free 8. space-age 9. belabouring 10. fancy-free SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION 20pts (2 pts each) 6. air 7. tightly 8. processed 9. be 10.themselves PART 2 1. alarming 2. head-on 3. zero-emission 4. adjustable 5. optimize/optimise 6. naturally 7. moisture 8. Affordability 9. forefront 10. fruition 1. Helen was so sorry that she couldn't attend Susan's birthday party. (MAKE) →Helen greatly regretted that // she couldn't make it to Susan's birthday party. →Helen greatly regretted not being able to make it to Susan's birthday party. 2. We were lucky to narrowly win the championship. (BREADTH) → It was by a stroke of luck // that we won the championship by a hair's breadth. 3. There are widespread rumours that the annual budget will be significantly reduced. (BONE) → The annual budget is widely rumoured //to be cut/pared to the bone. 4. There's no way he cancels the trip so near the departure date. (QUESTION) → There's no question of his/him //cancelling the trip so near the departure date. 5. You'd better start studying seriously. (KNUCKLED) → I'd rather you knuckled down (to serious study / to studying seriously). 6. Without financial backing, the project couldn't go as planned. (WANT) → The project fell through // for (the) want of financial backing.

7. You are responsible to find out what caused her depression. (ON) → It's up to you to find out // what brought on her depression. 8. Although some members objected to the proposal, it met with the council's approval. (GO- AHEAD) → Notwithstanding some member's objection(s) to the proposal, // it was given a go-ahead from/by the council. → Notwithstanding some member's objection(s)// the proposal was given a go- ahead from/by the council. → Notwithstanding some member's objection(s) to the proposal, // the council gave it a go-ahead. 9. I won't change my mind, no matter what you say. (BLUE) → You can talk till you are blue in the face but I won't change my mind. 10. Because of his arrogance, nobody was willing to help him. (FULL) → Had he not been (so) full of himself, // everybody/somebody would have been willing to help him. 2