Nếu bạn đang muốn ôn luyện và bồi dưỡng cho đội tuyển học sinh giỏi Quốc gia THPT môn Tiếng Anh, hoặc đang chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi chọn đội tuyển dự thi HSG Quốc gia THPT môn Tiếng Anh tại Nghệ An năm 2020, thì tài liệu "Đề thi chọn đội tuyển dự thi HSG Quốc gia THPT môn Tiếng Anh tại Nghệ An năm 2020" sẽ là lựa chọn tốt nhất cho bạn. Tài liệu này chứa đầy đủ các đề luyện thi HSG Quốc gia THPT môn Tiếng Anh tại Nghệ An từ năm 2011 đến năm 2019, kèm theo đáp án chi tiết và giải thích.

     Đặc biệt, tài liệu này có định dạng PDF, dễ dàng để bạn tải về và sử dụng khi không có kết nối internet. Ngoài ra, trang web Tài liệu diệu kỳ còn cung cấp nhiều tài liệu ôn luyện và bồi dưỡng cho các kì thi Trung học phổ thông Quốc gia, bao gồm cả sách và tài liệu Tiếng Anh nâng cao (CPE, CAE, FCE), đề thi Tuyển sinh lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh & HSG Tiếng Anh 9, đề thi Olympic trại hè phương Nam từ năm 2014 đến nay và đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 lần từ năm 2011 đến nay.

     Từ khóa: Đề thi HSG Quốc gia THPT, ôn luyện, PDF, đề luyện.


Trích dẫn nội dung "ĐỀ THI CHỌN ĐỘI TUYỂN DỰ THI HSG QUỐC GIA THPT NĂM 2020 Môn thi Tiếng Anh – TỈNH NGHỆ AN CÓ ĐÁP ÁN":




I. LISTENING (50 points) 


DỰ THI HSG QUỐC GIA THPT NĂM 2020 Môn thi: Tiếng Anh  

Thời gian: 180 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề) Ngày thi: 06 tháng 10 năm 2020 


Part 1: Listen to a talk about Atificial Intelligence. For questions 1-5, listen and decide whether the statements are True (T) , False (F) or Not Given (NG). Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided. 

1. The lecturer claims we are all worried about A.I in the future. 

2. The lecturer believes A.I will destroy us. 

3. Most of us find A.I fun to think about. 

4. A.I will cause global famine. 

5. We are able to systemize an emotional response to the future of A.I 

Your answers: 






For questions 6- 10, give short answers to the questions. 

6. What is behind door number 1? 


7. What can stop A.I? 


8. What will happen if we build machines that are smarter than we are? 


9. What is the main concern when machines become smarter than we are? 


10. What does the speaker refer to to consolidate his point? 


Part 2: You will hear two people speaking about their work together. For questions 11-15, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which fits best according to what you hear. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.  

11. One speaker makes the point that the approach to historical accuracy________ A. has changed over time. 

B. is to be admired. 

C. is disappointing. 

D. is very demanding. 

12. One speaker, when discussing the time constraints on her work, feels________ A. unnecessarily pressured. 

B. she is not given the respect she deserves. 

C. a high level of frustration. 

D. it's unfair. 

13. Speaking about The Snow Queen costume, one speaker________ 

A. doesn't feel up to the job. 

B. is nervous and full of self-doubt. 

Page 1 of 17 pages 

C. is happy with the actors chosen. 

D. feels disappointed by the design. 

14. The two speakers are in agreement that________ 

A. only authentic costumes should be used. 

B. some actors need to be more respectful. 

C. it is important to be psychologically sensitive during the fitting process. 

D. A Man For All Seasons was the most challenging work they have been asked to do. 15. Both speakers conclude that________ 

A. making costumes is extremely demanding work. 

B. an actor's ability to perform can be affected by having to wear a costume. 

C. they are both extremely grateful for the chance to do the work they do. 

D. getting awards for their work is not something they think about. 

Your answers: 






Part 3: For questions 16-25, you will hear a piece of news about a kind of test carried out in Leipzig, Germany. Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS taken from the recording. You will hear the audio twice. Write your answers in the space provided. 

16. Researchers needed to get as much _____________________________from the tested concert as possible. 

17. A common sight in normal times but not during a deadly pandemic is that of music enthusiasts lining up for a/an _____________________________. 

18. The test is aimed at helping reseachers understand_____________________________ at big events and how to prevent it. 

19. Besides having to wear masks, participants had to get a_____________________________. 20. To help scientists identify the most often touched surfaces, fans were given____________________. 21. Smoke was pumped to track how _____________________________the spread of the virus. 22. Participants were given _____________________________to measure distances between themselves and the frequency of their contact.  

23. The event is very safe because all participants were tested in advance and they had to wear_____________________________. 

24. Although this was an experiment, many people considered it a_____________________________. 25. Conclusions about how big events could be staged safely are expected by the end of the year after researchers at the University of Halle _____________________________. 


Part 1: For questions 26-40, choose the correct answer A, B, C, or D to each of the following questions and write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.  26. That human rights are ________ is unacceptable in a civilized society. 

A. infringed B.impeached C. abrogated D. quashed 27. The regular appearance of sex and violence on television undoubtedly has a ________ influence on teenagers. 

A. pernicious B. parsimonious C. precipitous D. propitious 28. China fueled fears that its________economy is about to slow further after Beijing cut its main interest rate by 0.25 percentage points. 

A. diseased B. ailing C.sickening D. unwell 

29. Alaska boasts several climates due to its ________ mountains, warm ocea currents, and frozen seas. A. adept B. pious C.ghastly D. lofty 

Page 2 of 17 pages

30. The Oscar winning actress simply________ charm and professionalism in her acceptance speech. A.exuded B.excluded C.expunged D. extricated 31. Companies are joining forces with governments in Africa to ________ regional campaigns against malaria. 

A. fabricate B. originate C.mount D. produce 

32. I hope the computer course starts this term. We’re all as keen as ________ to get going. A.coffee B. mustard C. a gigolo D. cornflakes 33. The proposed ________of Micro industries and SJ electronics would make the new company the largest electronics firm in Britain. 

A. combination B. merger C. fusion D. mixture 

34. She ________ agreed to go with him to the football match although she had no interest in the game at all.  

A. apologetically B. grudgingly C. shamefacedly D. discreetly 35. Due to many years of________ , the Smiths had nothing to fall back on when it was time for them to retire. 

A. illiteracy B. impunity C. inflexibility D. imprudence  36. Writing rhymes for birthday cards is really easy. It's money for old ________. A. rags B. bread C. rope D. rubbish  37. The celebrations were somewhat ________ by the announcement of her resignation. A. outshone B. overshadowed C. overcast D. outweighed 38. Whenever we organise social events or outings in our office, Janice remains ________ , as if such things are beneath her.  

A. inaccessible B. outstanding C. aloof D. invisible 

39. "Mary, I'd like you to meet Howard Canning. He was a(n) ________ at university."   A. accompaniment B. twill C. contemporary D. coincidence  40. There was little we could do ________registering a formal complaint. 

A. beyond B. further C. over D. beside 

Your answers: 
















Part 2: For questions 41-45, write the correct form of each bracketed word. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.  

41.Our attitudes to animals are marked by (41. Favour) ________. Cats, dogs, horses and apes top the list; slugs, skunks, rats and mice come near the bottom. 

42. If participation and the culture are incongruous, employees are likely to perceive the participation process as (42. MANIPULATE) ________ and be negatively affected by it. 

43. Last month, Epic Games, maker of the popular game Fortnite, sued Apple and Google, claiming they violated (43. TRUST) ________rules. 

44. The new policy only serves to (44. ACCENT)________ the inadequacy of help for the homeless. 45. We often forget we are inextricably linked to the nature, and by doing so, (45. ADVERT) ________contribute to its slow destruction. 

Your answers: 







Page 3 of 17 pages

Part 1: For questions 46-55, read the following passage and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each gap. Write your answer in the numbered boxes.  

There's extensive historical evidence that our ancestors may have witnessed a massive invasion of Unidentified Flying Objects (46.) ________on their territories. These extraterrestrials are (47.) ________ to have come into touch with the ancient earthly populations and helped them (48.) ________ numerous magnificent structures or even establish glamorous empires.  

However, the present-day fascination with UFO was only (49.) ________ by the first widely (50.) ________American sighting in Idaho in1947. Since that time, countless other close encounters have been reported both by highly credible witnesses such as top-class pilots and less credible ones such as ordinary civilians. Thousands of people around the world maintain having come close to the visitors from outer space or to have been (51) ________ for a scientific study inside their flying saucers. Although most of these accounts have been (52) ________as fantasy or hallucinations, there's (53) ________criticism from the public and media forignoring the subject for too long. To many people, rejecting even the most inexplicable sightings or UFO encounters as luminous artificial objects, natural phenomena like auroras or even as meteorological balloons and satellites seems to be an irresponsible (54) ________. Most of us would prefer to believe that these extraterrestrial guests are arriving from some remote galaxies to establish a peaceful relationship and possibly give us a fair warning against the consequences of our wasteful lifestyles. Yet, there's another theory (55) ________ that the visitors' attitudetowards mankind isn't so conciliatory and that their sole aim might be the unscrupulous annihilation of the terrestrial populations.  

 46. A. surpassing B. approximating C. transgressing D. encroaching  47. A. reasoned B. alleged C. denoted D. inferred  48. A. fabricate B. plant C. erect D. install 

49. A. discharged B. instigated 50. A. proclaimed B. notified 51. A. abolished B. abducted 52. A. speculated B. disposed 53. A. multiplying B. piling 54. A. approach B. bias 

55. A. consisting B. specifying Your answers: 

 C. constituted D. devised  C. communicated D. conveyed  C. absconded D. abbreviated  C. repelled D. dismissed  C. storing D. mounting  C. encounter D. manner  C. meaning D. implying 











Part 2: Read the following passage and do the task that follow. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided. 

Neurologists tend to divide the experience of love into three distinct categories: attraction, lust and attachment. The combination of all three can make for an intoxicating and lasting bond, but they are not always experienced together. Frequently, for example, we lust after those with whom we have no desire of having a long-term relationship; at other time, we feel “attached” to people in the sense of being drawn to them emotionally or spiritually, but not drawn to them physically. It is accurate to describe these as “stages” of love – lust tends to come first, then attraction, which lasts for months or years, and finally attachment, which can keep people together for decades. These are separate chemical substrates so they can overlap; however, evidence suggests that attraction has a limited lifespan. 

 Lust is typically experienced soon after puberty. This is when estrogen and testosterone – the underlying chemical substrates for lust in women and men respectively – activate themselves in our bodies for the first time. The primary purpose of lust is believed to be procreation, and the experience is one of feeling physically drawn, or even “pulled” towards another person. Pheromones, physical attractiveness and our socialized predispositions for what we seek in a mate are the factors that activate 

Page 4 of 17 pages

the sensation of lust. Despite the strength it can have over our psyche, lust on its own is a very fleeting experience. It can firmly steer people together for their initial encounters, but it has no power to keep them there. 

 If the relationship is to last, something called attraction must take place. Attraction is the intoxicating sensation experienced in the initial period of knowing someone. The “symptoms” include dizziness, flushed skin, and a loss of appetite and sleep. These are a result of a chemical cocktail of dopamine and norepinephrine that PEA – a transmitter chemical – unleashes into the bloodstream when attraction takes place. Dopamine is responsible for the blissful feelings of self-confidence, joy and motivation that new love brings about; norepinephrine, similar to adrenaline, brings about palpitations and anxiety. Attraction has more staying power than lust; while its intensity fades after a few weeks, the effect of the PEA transmission can continue for some time between eighteen months and four years. After that, our bodies build up a natural tolerance. 

 At this stage, a transition to a phase called attachment can occur. The “rush” of attraction is replaced by endorphins like oxytocin and vasopressin that feel like a gentle, warm sort of pleasantness – a safe feeling that calms the mind, numbs pain and soothes anxiety. This is a much more pleasant feeling in which to spend an extended period of time – potentially, forty, fifty or more years, depending on when you meet your partner. It allows you to live your life with someone, without being the central obsession in your life. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee that PEA transmission will evolve into the endorphin stage – in many instances, it will be replaced by a feeling of emptiness and dissatisfaction. It is not a coincidence that peak divorce rates occur at between four and seven years, as PEA transmission wears away and attachment does not materialize in many people’s brain. 

 Even neurologists agree that chemistry isn’t everything. There are numerous other factors such as culture and personality, for which science may never have an explanation. While dopamine is bliss, however, ignorance is not – neurology has much to contribute to satisfaction in our personal lives. It may not be a good idea to commit to marriage or spending the rest of your life with someone if you still feel the blissful rush of PEA transmission, for example. Once your brain has succumbed to the warming opiates of oxytocin and vasopressin, this will be a safer commitment. Attachment brings other needs to the foreground, however, while people enjoy the security that attachment brings about, they do not lose their desires for either lust or attraction. Losing the ability to give your partner the rush of PEA transmission, while knowing that he may feel this for other people, can bring about jealousy and anxiety in people. Acknowledging and discussing these insecurities can alleviate them as it is likely that, to some extent, both partners will be feeling them. 

Questions 56 – 63 

Complete the notes below 

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer 




Designed to encourage (56) _____. 

Two chemicals are released through a third one called (58) _____.

Chemicals in the brain work to reduce physical & mental suffering, and calm (61) _____. 

Generated by natural scent, looks, and (57) _____. 

(59)_____ is a feel-good chemical, norepinephrine brings about elevated heart-rate and nervousness.

Separate chemical processes mean PEA transmission does not always progress to (62) _____. 

Has weak staying power. 

Can last for up to (60) _____. 

There is a relationship between (63)_____ and the failure of attachment to occur.

Your answers: 





Page 5 of 17 pages





Questions 64 – 68 

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in the above passage? YES if the statement agrees with the views of the writer. 

NO if the statement contradicts the views of the writer. 

NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this. 

64. We cannot explain all romantic decisions on the basis of chemical processes.  

65. Knowing about brain chemistry can actually harm our happiness.  

66. Long-term relationship commitments should be made after attraction has faded.  

67. Relationship insecurities fade away once the attachment phase begins. 

68. Growing resistance to PEA transmission is experienced as mental anguish.  

Your answers: 






Part 3: You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. Seven paragraphs have been removed from the extract. Choose from the paragraphs A-H the one which fits each gap . There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. 

Blind to change 

How much of the world around you do you really see? You only take in tiny pieces of information at a time and that can have unnerving consequences, says Laura Spinney. 

Imagine you’re walking across a college campus when an unknown man asks you for directions. While you’re talking, two men pass between you carrying a door. After an irritating minute of interruption you carry on describing the route. When you’ve finished you are informed that you’ve just taken part in a psychology experiment, and asked if you noticed any changes after the two men passed with the door. ‘No,’ you reply uneasily. The unknown man then explains that the man who approached you initially walked off behind the door, leaving this man in his place. You are stunned; the two men are dressed differently and have different voices and haircuts. 


Rather than logging every detail of the visual scene, we are actually highly selective about what we take in. Our impression of seeing everything is just that - an impression. In fact we extract a few details and rely on memory, or perhaps even our imagination, for the rest.  


Yet in 1991, the controversial claim was made that our brains hold only a few salient details about the world - and that this is the reason we are able to function at all. We don’t store elaborate pictures in short-term memory, because it isn’t necessary and would take up valuable computing power. 


Just a year later, at a conference on perception in Vancouver, it was reported that people shown computer-generated pictures of natural scenes were blind to changes that were made during an eye movement. In a typical laboratory demonstration of this you might be shown a picture on a computer screen of, say, a couple dining on a terrace. 


It’s an unnerving experience. But to some extent, such ‘change blindness’ is artificial because the change is masked in some way. In real life, there tends to be a visible movement that signals the change. But not always. For instance, we have all had the experience of not noticing a traffic signal change because we had briefly looked away. 


For instance, an experiment was done at Harvard in which people were shown a videotape of a basketball game and asked to count the passes made by one or other team. After about 45 seconds a man dressed in a gorilla suit walked slowly across the scene, passing between the players. Although he was visible for five seconds, an amazing 40 per cent of the viewers failed to notice him. 

Page 6 of 17 pages


Such lapses raise important questions about vision. For instance, how can we reconcile these gross lapses with our subjective experience of having continuous access to a rich visual scene? One researcher has actually shown that imagining a scene activates parts of the visual cortex in the same way as seeing it. He says that this supports the idea that we take in just what information we consider important at the time, and fill in the gaps where the details are less important. The illusion that we see ‘everything’ is partly a result of filling in the gaps using memory. Such memories can be created based on beliefs and expectations. 


This particular idea has not been generally accepted. Yet most researchers in the field do agree that of all the myriad visual details of any scene that we could record, we take only what is relevant to us at the time. This leads us to the uncomfortable realisation that, for all our subjective experience of a rich visual world, it may, in fact, be impossible to tell what is real and what is imagined. 

A Now imagine that the task absorbing their attention had been driving a car, and the distraction had been a pedestrian crossing their path. According to some estimates, nearly half of all motor-vehicle accidents in the US can be attributed to driver error, including momentary loss of attention. It is more than just academic interest that has made both forms of cognitive error hot research topics. 

B The image would disappear, to be replaced for a fraction of a second by a blank screen, before reappearing significantly altered - by the raising of a railing in the background, perhaps. Many people search the screen for up to a minute before they see the change. A few never spot it. 

C In contrast, other researchers argue that we can get the impression of visual richness without holding any of that richness in our heads. For instance, the ‘grand illusion’ theory argues that we hold no picture of the visual world in our brains at all. Instead, we refer back to the external visual world as different aspects become important. The ‘usion arises from the fact that as soon as you ask yourself ‘am I seeing this or that?’ you turn your attention to it and see it. 

D It sounds impossible, but when this test was earned out, a full 50 per cent of those who took cart failed to notice the substitution. The subjects had succumbed to what is called change blindness. Taken with a glut of recent experimental results, this phenomenon suggests we see far less than we think we do. 

E The relationships between attention, awareness and vision have yet to be clarified. Because we have a less than complete picture of the world at any one time, there is the potential for distortion and error. How that complete picture could be objectively established is controversial, but there is one obvious way forward. 

F This flies in the face of what vision researchers have long believed: that seeing really means making pictures in the brain. According to this theory, by building detailed internal representations of the world, and comparing them over time, we would be able to pick out anything that changed. 

G And there’s a related phenomenon called inattentional blindness, that doesn’t need any experimental visual trick at all: if you are not paying attention to some feature of a scene, you won’t see it. 

H Rather, we log what has changed and assume the rest has stayed the same. Of course, this is bound to mean that we miss a few details. Experimenters had already shown that we may ignore items in the visual field if they appear not to be significant - a repeated word or line on a page of text for instance. But nobody realised quite how little we really do ‘see’. 

Page 7 of 17 pages

Part 4: For questions 76-85, read the following passage and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D. Write your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes provided.  

The Rise of Teotihuacán 

The city of Teotihuacán, which lay about 50 kilometers northeast of modern-day Mexico City, began its growth by 200 –100 B.C. At its height, between about A.D. 150 and 700, it probably had a population of more than 125,000 people and covered at least 20 square kilometers. It had over 2,000 apartment complexes, a great market, a large number of industrial workshops, an administrative center, a number of massive religious edifices, and a regular grid pattern of streets and buildings. Clearly, much planning and central control were involved in the expansion and ordering of this great metropolis. Moreover, the city had economic and perhaps religious contacts with most parts of Mesoamerica (modern Central America and Mexico). 

How did this tremendous development take place, and why did it happen in the Teotihuacán Valley? Among the main factors are Teotihuacán's geographic location on a natural trade route to the south and east of the Valley of Mexico, the obsidian1 resources in the Teotihuacán Valley itself, and the valley's potential for extensive irrigation. The exact role of other factors is much more difficult to pinpoint —for instance, Teotihuacán's religious significance as a shrine, the historical situation in and 


around the Valley of Mexico toward the end of the first millennium B.C., the and foresightedness of Teotihuacán's elite, and, finally, the impact of natural disasters, such as the volcanic eruptions of the late first millennium B.C. 

This last factor is at least circumstantially implicated in Teotihuacán's rise. Prior to 200 B.C., a number of relatively small centers coexisted in and near the Valley of Mexico. Around this time, the largest of these centers, Cuicuilco, was seriously affected by a volcanic eruption, with much of its agricultural land covered by lava. With Cuicuilco eliminated as a potential rival, any one of a number of relatively modest towns might have emerged as a leading economic and political power in Central Mexico. The archaeological evidence clearly indicates, though, that Teotihuacán was the center that did arise as the predominant force in the area by the first century A.D. 

It seems likely that Teotihuacán's natural resources—along with the city elite's ability to 

a competitive edge over its neighbors

recognize their potential — gave the city . The valley, like many other places in Mexican and Guatemalan highlands, was rich in obsidian. The hard volcanic stone was a resource that had been in great demand for many years, at least since the rise of the Olmecs (a people who flourished between 1200 and 400 B.C.), and it apparently had a secure market. Moreover, recent research on obsidian tools found at Olmec sites has shown that some of the obsidian obtained by the Olmecs originated near Teotihuacán. Teotihuacán obsidian must have been recognized as a valuable commodity for many centuries before the great city arose. 

Long-distance trade in obsidian probably gave the elite residents of Teotihuacán access to a wide variety of exotic goods, as well as a relatively prosperous life. Such success may have attracted immigrants to Teotihuacán. In addition, Teotihuacán's elite may have consciously attempted to attract new inhabitants. It is also probable that as early as 200 B.C. Teotihuacán may have achieved some religious significance and its shrine (or shrines) may have served as an additional population magnet. Finally, the growing population was probably fed by increasing the number and size of irrigated fields. 

The picture of Teotihuacán that emerges is a classic picture of positive feedback among obsidian mining 

The thriving obsidian

and working, trade, population growth, irrigation, and religious tourism.  


, for example, would necessitate more miners, additional manufacturers of obsidian tools, and 

additional traders to carry the goods to new markets. All this led to increased wealth, which in turn would attract more immigrants to Teotihuacán. The growing power of the elite, who controlled the economy, would give them the means to physically coerce people to move to Teotihuacán and serve as additions to the labor force. More irrigation works would have to be built to feed the growing population, and this resulted in more power and wealth for the elite. 

Page 8 of 17 pages

76. In paragraph 1, each of the following is mentioned as a feature of the city of Teotihuacán between A.D. 150 and 700 EXCEPT: 

A. regularly arranged streets 

B. several administrative centers spread across the city 

C. many manufacturing workshops 

D. apartment complexes 

77.The word "ingenuity" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to: 

A. ambition B. sincerity C. faith D. cleverness 

78.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 2 as a main factor in the development of Teotihuacán? 

A.The presence of obsidian in the Teotihuacán Valley 

B.The potential for extensive irrigation of Teotihuacán Valley lands 

C.A long period of volcanic inactivity in the Teotihuacán Valley 

D.Teotihuacán's location on a natural trade route 

79.What can be inferred from paragraph 3 about Cuicuilco prior to 200 B.C.? 

A.It was a fairly small city until that date. 

B.It was located outside the Valley of Mexico. 

C.It emerged rapidly as an economical and political center. 

D.Its economy relied heavily on agriculture. 

80.Which of the following allowed Teotihuacán to have "a competitive edge over its neighbors"? A.A well-exploited and readily available commodity 

B.The presence of a highly stable elite class 

C.Knowledge derived directly from the Olmecs about the art of toolmaking 

D.Scarce natural resources in nearby areas such as those located in what are now the Guatemalan and Mexican highlands 

81.According to paragraph 4, what has recent research on obsidian tools found at Olmecsites shown? A.Obsidian's value was understood only when Teotihuacán became an important city. B.The residents of Teotihuacán were sophisticated toolmakers. 

C.The residents of Teotihuacán traded obsidian with the Olmecs as early as 400 B.C. D.Some of the obsidian used by the Olmecs came from the area around Teotihuacán. 

82.Select the TWO answer choices that are mentioned in paragraph 5 as being f

eatures of Teotihuacán that may have attracted immigrants to the city. To receive credit, you must select TWO answers. A. The prosperity of the elite 

B. Plenty of available housing 

C. Opportunities for well-paid agricultural employment 

D. The presence of one or more religious shrines 

83.In paragraph 6, the author discusses "The thriving obsidian operation," in order to: A.explain why manufacturing was the main industry of Teotihuacán 

B.give an example of an industry that took very little time to develop in Teotihuacán C.illustrate how several factors influenced each other to make Teotihuacán a powerful and wealthy city D.explain how a successful industry can be a source of wealth and a source of conflict at the same time 

Page 9 of 17 pages

84. In paragraph 1 of the passage, there is a missing sentence. The paragraph is repeated below and shows four letters (A, B, C, and D) that indicate where the following sentence could be added. In fact, artifacts and pottery from Teotihuacán have been discovered in sites as faraway as the Mayan lowlands, the Guatemalan highlands, northern Mexico, and the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Where would the sentence best fit? 

The city of Teotihuacán, which lay about 50 kilometers northeast of modern-day Mexico City, began its growth by 200 –100 B.C. At its height, between about A.D. 150 and 700, it probably had a population of 


more than 125,000 people and covered at least 20 square kilometers. It had over 2,000 apartment complexes, a great market, a large number of industrial workshops, an administrative center, a number 


of massive religious edifices, and a regular grid pattern of streets and buildings. Clearly, much planning and central control were involved in the expansion and ordering of this great 


metropolis. Moreover, the city had economic and perhaps religious contacts with most parts of 


Mesoamerica (modernCentral America and Mexico).  

A.Option A B.Option B C.Option C D.Option D 

85. What is the best summary of the passage? 

A. Teotihuacán was a highly developed city in Mesoamerica that reached its peak between about A.D. 150 and 700. 

B. The number and sophistication of the architectural, administrative, commercial, and religious features of Teotihuacán indicate the existence of centralized planning and control. 

C.Several factors may account for Teotihuacán's extraordinary development, including its location, rich natural resources, irrigation potential, intelligent elite, and the misfortune of rival communities. D.Although many immigrants settled in Teotihuacán between A.D. 150 and 700, the increasing threat of coerced labor discouraged further settlement and limited Teotihuacán's population growth. 

Part 5: You are going to read an extract from an artic

le about modern art and whether it can be called 'art'. For questions 1-10, choose from the people (A, B, C or D). The people may be chosen more than once. (Self-study 12) 

Is it Art? 


Art is the result of an artist using her or his skill or creative imagination for a creative purpose, to give pleasure to the viewer through its aesthetic qualities, or to get a reaction from the audience to a wider more significant issue outside of the work of art itself. That work of art might be a painting, a sculpture, an installation of some kind or an example from the performing arts like dance or mime. I think we sometimes get bogged down by the notion of 'skill'. For many in the anti modern art camp, there needs to be evidence of the artist's craft on show before the work is taken seriously and can merit the term 'art', be it intricate drawing skills, expert use of form or an artist's eye for colour. I'm not suggesting that an artist need not have these credentials but hand in hand with craft is, as I said earlier, creative imagination, the ability to see the value or beauty of something unremarkable which would often go unnoticed by the untrained eye. Much of modern art I think possesses this second quality which is why I often leave an exhibition of modern art feeling that I've had the chance to reflect on something that I wouldn't normally have given the time of day to. The art has engaged me, has had an impact, made me think about something in a way that I wouldn't have thought about before. 


I would certainly call myself an art enthusiast and have been for many years and in my opinion the modern art world is full of second-rate junk which most of us, if we were being totally honest, would agree a 4-year-old child could do. The idea that a slept-in bed such as that 'produced' by Tracy Emin or 

Page 10 of 17 pages

many of the pieces by Damien Hirst and his ilk are works of art is hard to justify as is the huge price tag that accompanies their work. I find it particularly galling when extremely talented people out there who have spent years honing their skills and learning the craft of drawing or painting are completely ignored. What's more, one of the dangers of this kind of 'art' is that it serves to alienate the mass of the population from the visual arts. The man in the street viewing one of these pieces is left thinking the world of modern art has no value; worse still, that he lacks the intellectual ability to understand the meaning of the piece when in fact there is little to interpret. Thankfully, one or two great artists make it through, but I'm afraid many are lost amongst the deluge of dross the art-world deems 'art'. For me, the first measure of the worth of an artist must be the degree of skill exhibited in the work or at the very least a pedigree of fine art preceeding any more abstract pieces produced by the artist such as was the case with Picasso. 


The idea that modern art is some kind of mass deception and that all modern artists are talentless fraudsters just doesn't hold water. And I'm not talking here about the painters who for centuries have made a living out of copying works of art and selling them on as originals. I'm talking about abstract art and the idea that the great art collectors such as the Saatchis or Rockefellas and the great museums of art around the world, would somehow allow themselves to be duped into paying a fortune for an abstract painting or sculpture. Are these artists really tricking these people into paying huge sums of money for something worthless? Of course not. Though some of these works may not appear to the layman as having any artistic merit, neither did the great impressionists or the more abstract works of Picasso or Rothko when they were first exhibited. In the same way that great poetry can speak to us in a way that prose never can, abstract art can engage with the audience in more subtle and effective ways than is the case with art of a more realistic nature. So, they may get their fingers burnt now and again but I don't think the Saatchis will be cursing the day they spent huge sums on works of abstract art. Quite the opposite in fact and in the process of making a canny investment they have helped further raise the profile of some of our great modern artists. 


Here we go again: the media are once more up in arms about the latest 'is it art' shock-horror editorials following the latest Turner Prize shortlisting. When will they learn? For decades art in many forms has moved away from realism and towards abstraction. Ever since the invention and popularisation of photography, art has had to reinvent itself. Patrons who wanted a perfect representation of themselves no longer needed to turn to the artist. Artists started to struggle with the challenge of catching the essence of the thing depicted rather than simply its external appearance. Abstract artists try to convey a pure idea, not the exact replica of the subject concerned. It's true that some works of art are so obscure that you may need to read up on the theory behind the creation, which is usually helpfully supplied in art galleries. But this isn't always necessary. Take Guernica by Picasso. To get a full understanding of this painting it could be argued the audience needs to appreciate the historical context, the bombing of the Basque city during the Spanish Civil War. It would also probably help to have a good understanding of the techniques of abstraction that Picasso had used to create the effect. However, I think most people viewing this masterpiece would be struck by the horror it depicts even without this background knowledge. And I would argue it is the effect of this abstraction that adds to the impact on us compared to a realistic portrayal of such a scene. 

Which person gives each of these opinions about modern art? 

86. Some practices have been going on for hundreds of years.  

87. Some people may not have the knowledge to understand a work of art fully. 88. Certain aesthetic qualities can be invisible until brought to our attention by the artist. Page 11 of 17 pages

89. Picasso is an example of an artist who proved his craftsmanship. 

90. Appreciation of the work itself is not always the artist's aim. 

91. The purpose of Art has undergone change. 

92. People don't always appreciate the works of great artists initially. 

93. Abstract art is generally overpriced. 

94. Abstract art isn't always a good investment. 

95. We can be touched by a work of art without knowing the context. 

Your answers:  












Page 12 of 17 pages

Part 1. Read the following extract and use your own words to summarize it. Your summary should be between 140 and 160 words long.  

Efforts to improve educational outcomes through extending the school day may have unintended and counterproductive consequences if longer days are implemented by moving the school bell earlier or by pushing more homework later into the night. Young children are biologically primed for "early to bed and early to rise," but as children pass through middle school and into high school, biological processes keep them up later. 

Even without a move to longer school days, many adolescents are already in trouble because they get too little sleep; their biological propensity to stay up combines with other factors, like parents who have largely ceded responsibility for setting bedtimes and the pernicious, sleep-defeating influence of distracting technology in their bedrooms. 

The negative effects of insufficient sleep on learning and academic engagement are quite real. Sleep affects the learning process at several key stages. In the first place, adequate sleep prepares youngsters to learn by setting the stage for the attention, motivation and alertness that facilitate information acquisition and processing. Thus, students whose sleep is adequate are better prepared to take part in the activities of their school days. 

Current research also provides strong support that good sleep after learning actually enhances the gains that occur the day before. Sleep amplifies, consolidates, and improves not only the process of acquisition, but also storage of information. To round out the story, sleep enhances next-day memory retrieval and cognitive processing. 

I don’t see inherent problems with longer school days if they do not impinge on children’s opportunities to sleep, either through forcing them to wake up earlier or extending their waking days with more homework. But another way to help kids learn would be not to extend hours in school, but to extend hours spent sleeping at night. More sleep might help the teachers, too! 

 Part 2. Graph writing  

The chart below shows the frequency of going to fast food restaurants among American people from 2003 to 2013. 

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Your writing should be at least 150 words. 


Part 3. Write an essay of about 300- 350 words to answer the following question.  

For a long time there has been concern about the quality of the food we eat because of additives and contaminants. Recently, genetically modified food is becoming more common and is causing concern. Is this concern justified or not? 

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.