Use of English – Part 1 for gifted students – CAE with answer key

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Use of English - Part 1 

Read the texts below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). 

The internet bus 

In the desert areas that (0) Tucson city, USA, students spend hundreds of hours on yellow buses each year getting to and from their  

schools. But when mobile internet equipment was (1) ____ on a yellow school bus, the bored, often noisy, teens were (2) ____ into  quiet, studious individuals. 

District officials got the idea during (3) ____ drives on school business to Phoenix, two hours each way, when they (4) ____ that,  when they went in pairs, one person could drive and the other could work using a laptop and a wireless card. They (5) ____ if internet access on a school bus could (6) ____ students' academic productivity, too. 

But the idea for what students call 'the internet bus' really (7) ____ shape when the district's chief information officer (8) ____ across  an article about having internet access in cars. He thought, 'What if you could put that in a bus?' 

The officials have been delighted to see the (9) ____ of homework getting done, morning and evening, as the internet bus (10) ____  up and drops off students along the 10-minute drive. (11) ____ some students spend their time playing games or visiting social  networking sites, most students do make (12) ____ of their travel time to study. 

0 A edge B surround C turn D enclose 

1 A installed B set C included D structured 

2 A replaced B exchanged C switched D transformed 3 A extraordinary B occasional C exceptional D few 

4 A believed B acknowledged C estimated D realised 

5 A thought B imagined C suspected D wondered 

6 A increase B enlarge C rise D heighten 

7 A formed B took C held D did 

8 A got B looked C came D put 

9 A total B amount C number D measure 

10 A brings B picks C rides D catches 

11 A Since B Despite C Although D However 

12 A progress B work C use D part 

For Nigel Portman, a love of travelling began with what’s 0 …….. a ‘gap year’. In common with many other British teenagers, he  chose to take a year out before (1) …….. to study for his degree. After doing various jobs to (2) …….. some money, he left home to  gain some experience of life in different cultures, visiting America and Asia. The more adventurous the young person, the (3) ……..  the challenge they are likely to (4) …….. themselves for the gap year, and for some, like Nigel, it can (5) …….. in a thirst for  adventure. 

Now that his university course has (6) …….. to an end, Nigel is just about to leave on a three-year trip that will take him (7) ……..  around the world. What’s more, he plans to make the whole journey using only means of transport which are (8) …….. by natural  energy. In other words, he’ll be (9) …….. mostly on bicycles and his own legs; and when there’s an ocean to cross, he won’t be  taking a (10) …….. cut by climbing aboard a plane, he’ll be joining the crew of a sailing ship (11) …….. . 

As well as doing some mountain climbing and other outdoor pursuits along the way, Nigel hopes to (12) …….. on to the people he  meets the environmental message that lies behind the whole idea. 

0 A called B named C referred D known  

1 A settling down B getting up C taking over D holding back 

2 A achieve B raise C advance D win 

3 A stronger B wider C greater D deeper 

4 A put B set C aim D place 

5 A result B lead C cause D create 

6 A come B turned C reached D brought 

7 A just B complete C whole D right 

8 A pulled B charged C forced D powered 

9 A relying B using C attempting D trying 

10 A quick B short C brief D swift 

11 A anyway B alike C instead D otherwise 

12 A leave B keep C pass D give


The volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand. This (0) _____ many problems, including serious air  pollution, lengthy delays, and the greater risk (1) _____accidents. Clearly, something must be done, but it is often difficult to (2)  _____people to change their habits and leave their cars at home. 

One possible (3) _____is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars by (4) _____charges for parking and (5)tougher fines  for anyone who (6) _____the law. In addition, drivers could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the  day. This system, (7) _____ as 'road pricing', is already being introduced in a (8) _____of cities, using a special electronic card (9)  _____to the windscreen of the car. 

Another way of (10) _____with the problem is to provide cheap parking on the (11) _____of the city, and strictly control the number  of vehicles allowed into the centre. 

Drivers and their passengers then use a special bus service for the (12) _____stage of their journey. 

Of course, the most important (13) _____is to provide good public transport. However, to get people to (14) _____the comfort of  their cars, public transport must be felt to be reliable, convenient and comfortable, with fares (15) _____at an acceptable level. 

0 A causes B results C leads D invents 

1 A of B for C about D by 

2 A make B arrange C suggest D persuade 

3 A approach B manner C custom D style 

4 A enlarging B increasing C growing D developing 

5 A carrying down B putting off C bringing in D taking away  

6A crosses B refuses C breaks D cracks 

7A named B seen C called D known 

8A quantity B number C total D sum 

9 A fixed B joined C built D placed 

10 A doing B handling C dealing D solving 

11A outskirts B border C outside D limit 

12 A late B end C complete D final 

13 A thought B thing C work D event 

14 A pass on B throw away C give up D leave out 

15 A taken B kept C given D stood 


In the modern world, there is a wealth of leisure activities to choose (0) _____. Entertainment industries (1) _____for your leisure  time. You can watch TV, listen to music, go to an art gallery or concert or, of course, read a book. Sometimes it seems that reading is  (2) _____because, (3) _____you're a fast reader, it can take a (4) _____ amount of time to finish a novel, for example. But in the (5)  _____world, time is something that can be in short supply. 

Book publishers haven't been (6) _____ to realise this and are now selling a product which needn't (7) _____as much of your time but  still tells you an excellent story. The new product is the audiobook - cassette recordings of shortened novels, often read by well known personalities or the authors themselves. Audiobooks are (8) _____new but people are becoming more aware of them and sales  are increasing (9) _____ . 

One of the attractions of audiobooks is that they're (10) _____listening to the radio, only better. You can listen to what you want  when you want, and you won't ever (11) _____anything. Much of their appeal (12) _____in their flexibility. They (13) _____you to  do other things while you're listening, such as driving or (14) _____the housework. For some people, audiobooks can be a much  more enjoyable way of (15) _____knowledge than reading. 

0A among B with C from D out 

1A chase B compete C oppose D pursue 

2A neglected B declined C lessened D disposed 

3A in spite B no matter C regardless of D even if 

4A plentiful B broad C considerable D lasting 

5A current B new C present D modern 

6A behind B slow C delayed D overdue 

7A take up B fill out C go through D pass by 

8A partly B approximately C roughly D relatively 

9A ever since then B all the time C up until now D from then or 10A as B same C like D both 

11A pass B lack C miss D lose 

12A stands B belongs C bases D lies 

13A grant B allow C spare D afford 

14A doing B running C making D cleaning 

15A grasping B catching C gaining D raising


In 1885, a Frenchman, Charles Pathè, created what later became France's most successful film studios. By 1907, the company had (0)  _____ enormously and had studios in France, Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain and the USA. What seems surprising now that  Hollywood dominates the film (1) _____ is that a French company (2) _____ itself so well in the USA. Pathè was one of the main  film companies there at that (3) _____, 

hiring out its studios to other film-making companies (4) _____ distributing its own films. 

However, (5) _____ Pathè was big in the USA, it was a giant in Europe. In 1913, the year before the First World War (6) _____,  Pathè made no fewer than three hundred films. But the war affected the company (7) _____. Shortages of staff and equipment led to  big (8) _____ in production, and by 1918 output had (9) _____ to sixty-three films. From then on, Pathè (10) _____ on making fewer  films of (11) _____ length and better quality. 

Pathè was the first company to put out regular news films, which it started doing in 1903. Each film lasted fifteen minutes and (12)  _____ of six news items. From (13) _____ on, Pathè's news department had branches all over Europe and later all over the world. By  the 1970s, TV news had completely (14) _____ the role of cinema news films and so the company stopped making them. Today,  Pathè is chiefly (15) _____ in TV, cinema and new video technology. 

0 A expanded B swollen C widened D stretched 

1A life B world C area D channel 

2 A established B set C founded D placed 

3 A date B phase C age D time 

4 A in addition B together C as well as D also 

5 A so B whether C despite D if 

6 A burst out B broke out C set off D went off 

7 A badly B extremely C largely D highly 

8 A chops B slips C cuts D dips 

9 A descended B shortened C fallen D subtracted 

10 A thought B engaged C occupied D concentrated 

11 A further B greater C higher D bigger 

12 A consisted B featured C included D composed 

13 A soon B firstly C early D initially 

14 A brought off B turned into C caught on D taken over 

15 A involved B connected C linked D tied 


In practically any country in the (0) _____, you are (1) _____ to find a market somewhere. Markets have been with us since (2)  _____ times, when people became self-sufficient and needed to exchange the goods they produced. For example, a farmer might  have exchanged a cow (3) _____ tools and so on. But just as times have (4) _____, so have market practices. So, (5) _____ in early  times the main activity (6) _____ with markets would have been 'bartering', meaning the exchange of goods as described (7) _____,  today most stall-holders wouldn't be too (8) _____ on accepting potatoes as payment, for instance, instead of cash. 

In contrast, what might be a common (9) _____ in a modern market is a certain amount of 'haggling', where customer and seller  eventually (10) _____ on a price, after what can sometimes be quite a heated debate. This has become so popular in certain places  that many people think that this is what makes the (11) _____ atmosphere of a market. But (12) _____ as no two people are the same,  no two markets are the same either, and so behaviour which is expected in one market in one country may not be (13) _____ in  another. Even within one country, there are those markets where you could haggle quite (14) _____ and those where you would be  (15) _____ not to try! 

0 A planet B world C earth D globe 

1A safe B confident C definite D sure 

2 A ancient B antique C old D past 

3A into B by C for D over 

4 A changed B turned C developed D differed 

5A however B despite C nevertheless D whereas 

6 A associated B relating C connecting D attached 

7 A over B above C upper D higher 

8 A fond B keen C eager D pleased 

9 A look B appearance C sight D view 

10 A confirm B consent C approve D agree 

11A sole B single C only D unique 

12 A even B so C just D such 

13 A acceptable B convenient C comfortable D receptive 

14 A simply B plainly C clearly D easily 

15 A informed B advised C noticed D suggested 


EX 1: 1 A – 2 D – 3 B – 4 D – 5 D – 6 A – 7 B – 8 C – 9 B – 10 B – 11 C – 12 C  

EX 2: 1 A - 2 B – 3 C – 4 B – 5 A - 6 A – 7 D – 8 D – 9 A – 10B – 11 C – 12 C  

EX 3: 1A - 2D – 3A - 4B – 5C – 6C – 7D – 8B – 9A - 10C – 11C - 12D – 13B – 14C – 15B 

EX 4: 1B – 2A – 3D – 4C – 5D – 6B – 7A – 8D – 9B – 10C – 11C – 12D – 13B – 14A – 15C 

EX 5: 1B – 2A – 3D – 4C – 5D – 6B – 7A – 8 C - 9C – 10D – 11B – 12A – 13C – 14D – 15A  

EX 6: 1D – 2A – 3C – 4A – 5D – 6A – 7B – 8B – 9C – 10D – 11D – 12C – 13A – 14D – 15B