Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 Lần Thứ XXIV Năm 2018 Môn Tiếng Anh 11 – Đề thi và đáp án chính thức

     Nếu bạn đang tìm kiếm tài liệu ôn luyện thi Tiếng Anh để chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4, thì tài liệu mà chúng tôi giới thiệu hôm nay sẽ là lựa chọn hoàn hảo cho bạn. Đó là Đề thi chính thức kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 Lần Thứ XXIV năm 2018 môn Tiếng Anh 11 cùng với đáp án chính thức.

     Đề thi này bao gồm nhiều dạng câu hỏi khác nhau về từ vựng, ngữ pháp, đọc hiểu và viết. Nó cung cấp cho bạn một cách thức ôn luyện thi hiệu quả và giúp bạn cải thiện kỹ năng Tiếng Anh của mình. Đặc biệt, đáp án chính thức cùng với các giải thích chi tiết sẽ giúp bạn hiểu rõ hơn về cách giải đáp câu hỏi.

     Tài liệu này được thiết kế để giúp bạn trau dồi kiến thức và kỹ năng cần thiết để đạt điểm cao trong kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống. Hơn nữa, đề thi này cũng sẽ giúp bạn làm quen với cấu trúc đề thi và cách thức trả lời các câu hỏi. 

     Nếu bạn đang tìm kiếm tài liệu ôn luyện thi Tiếng Anh cho kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4, hãy cân nhắc sử dụng Đề thi chính thức kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 Lần Thứ XXIV năm 2018 môn Tiếng Anh 11 cùng với đáp án chính thức.

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LÓ P 111 ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC A. multiple choice (40 PTS) I. GRAMM AR AND STRUCTURES (5PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences. 1. - Jack: Did you know Jim’s car broke down on the highway late at night? - Jane: Unfortunately, that's a situation anyone______ . A. might have to confront with ' B. might be confronted with c. might be confronted D. might have been confronted 2. ______, 1 haven’t seen Catherine all day. A. Come to think of it B. To come to think of it c. Coming to think it D. Coming to think of it 3. ______ earning a great deal of money as a painter, Ivan Aivazovsky opened an art school and gallery in his hometown of Feodosiya. A. Rather B. Since c. Upon D. Until 4. In your place, I - to others for help. There’s no way of getting the project finished yourself. A. would have turned B. must have turned c. will turn D. would turn 5. ______chair the meeting. A. John was decided to B. It was decided that John should c. There was decided that John should D. John had been decided to 6. We all wished to be treated______. A. as equals B. as equally c. as equals D. equals 7. The great French novelist Honoré de Balzac would make _____ revision when he was proofreading his work th at ______was left o f the original text in the end. A. too many I not enough B. such a lot of / a few c. plenty o f / not many D. so much / little 8. She *______fainted when she heard that her son had died. A. rather than B. nothing but c. all but D. near 9. I'll be kind to her.______ she decide to leave me. A. in case B. whereas c. so as not D. lest 10. Jasmine’s parents died when she was just a baby, so I ______ family she ever had. A. was all the - B. was the whole c. have the whole D. have all the 244 II. PHRASAL VERBS AND PREPOSITIONS (5 PTS) 11. H e’s a tough politician - he knows how to ______the storm. A. run down B. keep up c. push back D. ride out 12. D on't tak e______ your bad friends any more or you'll regret it. A. up with B. in for c. down at D. for 13. He was unaware that he was being______ with out-of-date stock. A. faded away B. clamped down c. petered out D. fobbed off 14. I was so tired that I ju st ______ in the armchair. A. flaked out B. broke up c. dropped out D. fell over 15.1 thought she was being serious, but she was only having m e______ » A. up B. on c. over D. round 16. Peter: How old do you think Perkins is? Patrick: Oh, he must be getting______ eighty, I’d say. A. away with B. about at c. down to D. on for 17. Nobody from the President down should imagine they a re _____ the law. A beyond B over c within D above 18. At first the children enjoyed the game but quite soon the novelty______ . A. went off B. died out c. died down D. wore o ff 19. When attacked by his opponents, the g ene ral___2. with a strong justification for his policy. A. hit back B. struck up c. leapt up D. pushed forward 20. The free tickets for the band’s concert w er e______ within seconds by the enthusiasts flocking at the hall door. A. run up B. broken up c. drawn up D. snapped up III. VO CABULARY (10 PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences. 21.1 found the information for the project in the encyclopedia but 1 couldn't give and verse on it. A. chapter B. unit c. poem D. extract 22. During the riots, hundreds of people broke into the city's main department store a nd_____ it. There was almost nothing left after the night had finished. A. mugged B. looted c. conned D. stole 23. When his manager went on a business trip, Smith stepped into th e ______ and chaired the meeting. A. hole B. pool c. breach D. crack 24. The country has few natural resources and its economy has be en ______ for some time now. A. diseased B. unwell c. sickening D. ailing 25. Every time the government meets their demands, the union leaders shift the A. goalposts B. lamp-posts c. bus stops D. roadblocks 26. They worked from dawn to dusk with s uch_____ that they were exhausted. A. boredom B. zeal c. crack D. debility 245 Tl. The Prime Minister will decide whether to release the prisoner or not; that 's his ______ . A. prerogative B. contortion c. derogatory D. abdication 28. The sheep were huddled into a _____ to protect them from overnight frosts. A. pen B. hutch c. kennel D. barn 29. That human rights ar e______ is unacceptable in a civilized society. A. infringed B. impeached c. abrogated D. quashed

30. Ì overslept this morning and caught the last bus to school by ______ . A. the hair o f my head B. the skin of my teeth c. the nail of my finger D. the skin of my heels 31. Since he is too old to be a porter, they have decided to put him out t o ____., A. the door B. grounds c. grass D. the kerb 32. Andrew Johnson was the first president of the US ever to be ______ , primarily because of his violent temper and unyielding stubbornness. A. impeached B. overthrown c. overpowered D. dethroned 33. If she wins the prize again this year, it'll be a rea l______ in her cap. A. nutshell B. gemstone c. feather D. landmark 34. Maggie is so moody and unpredictable. She’s apt to fly off th e ______ without any real cause. A. handle B. strap c. catch D. belt 35. Despite a string o f_____ performances he retained his place in the side. A. promising B. reasonable c. satisfactory D. moderate 36. The earthquake_____ 6.5 on the Richter scale. A. weighed B. measured c. achieved . D. counted 37. It w as ___clear to me what they meant by their cold manner. A. blatantly B. fully c. abundantly D. acutely 38. The international conference of the Cardiological Association has been _____ in Cairo to discuss the revolutionary discovery of doctor Gonzales from Mexico. A. deployed B. collected c. mobilized D. summoned 3 9 .1 had a small accident with the car. One of the wings is a li ttle _____ _. A. stained B. jamm ed c. dented D. cracked 40. I've only been here for a week so 1 haven't got into th e_______ yet. A. swings of things B. groove o f things c. rut of things D. swing o f routine IV. GUIDED CLOZE (10 PTS): Read the text below and decide which answer best fits each space. PASSAGE A: Plants are (41) ______ to attack and infection by a remarkable variety of symbiotic species and have evolved a diverse array of mechanisms designed to 246 frustrate the potential colonists. These can be divided into preformed or passive defense mechanisms and (4 2)______ or active systems. Passive plant defense comprises physical and chemical barriers that prevent entry of pathogens, such as bacteria, or (43) ____ _ tissues unpalatable or toxic to the invader. The external surfaces of plants, in addition to being covered by an epidermis and a waxy cuticle, often carry spiky hairs known as trichomes, which either prevent feeding by insects or may even puncture and kill insect (4 4 )______ . Other trichom es are sticky and glandular and effectively trap and (4 5) ______ insects. If the physical barriers of the plant are breached, then preformed chemicals may inhibit or kill the intruder, and plant tissues contain a diverse array of toxic or potentially toxic substances, such as resins, tannins, glycosides, and alkaloids, many of which are highly effective (4 6) ______to insects that feed on plants.

The success of the Colorado beetle in infesting potatoes, for example, seems to be correlated with its high tolerance (4 7)______ alkaloids that normally repel potential pests. Other possible chemical defenses, while not directly toxic to the parasite, may inhibit some essential step in the establishment of a parasitic relationship. For example, glycoproteins in plant cell walls may inactivate enzymes that degrade cell walls. These enzymes are often produced by bacteria and fungi. Active plant defense mechanisms are comparable to the immune system of vertebrate animals, although the cellular and molecular bases are (4 8 )______ different. Both, however, are triggered in reaction to intrusion. implying that the host has some means of recognizing the presence of a foreign organism. The most dramatic example of an inducible plant defense reaction is the hypersensitive response. In the hypersensitive response, cells undergo rapid necrosis — that is, they become diseased and die — after being penetrated by a parasite ; the parasite itself ( 49)__________ ceases to grow and is therefore restricted to one or a few cells around the entry site. Several theories have been (50)______ to explain the bases o f hypersensitive resistance. 41. A. likely B. inclined c. flexible D. subject 42. A. inducible B. causative c. influential D. medicinal 43. A. convert B.render c. alternate D. reimburse 44. A. embryos B. larvae c. larva D. caterpillars 45. A. immobilize B. demobilize c, deactivate D. depreciate 46. A. hindrances B. repellents c. deterrents D. expurgations 47. A. io B. for c. within D.u nder 48. A. efficaciously B. phenomenally c. fundamentally D. originally 49. A. following B. substantially c. procedurally D. subsequently 50. A. brought about B. worked out c. put forward D. laid down 247 PASSAGE B: MOUND-BUILDER THEORIES Some o f the most impressive geographical features in North America are the many earth mounds (5 1 )______ around the continent. These earthworks are enormous artificial hills constructed by various Native American civilizations for (52) _ _ _ _ _ purposes, such as burials worship, and they are thousands of years old, with the latest ones being finished hundreds of years before Europeans explored America. Upon their arrival, European explorers were impressed with the structures, but prejudice against the native tribes prevented them from (53) ______Native Americans with their construction. Instead, American settlers developed several theories that claimed a superior but (54) ______ "moundbuilder" civilization made the earthworks. Moreover, particular details of different mound-builder theories reflected the specific prejudices of the people who supported them. For example, devout Christian groups like the Mormons argued that a (5 5)______ Israeli society was responsible, and white Americans argued that only the Vikings could have built such mounds because they believed that their European (5 6)

______was far superior to Native Americans. The (57 )______ of these myths showed how for centuries Americans selectively examined evidence and distorted science in order to support their own agendas (5 8) ______ the natives. Prior to the 20th century, many Americans accepted the mound-builder theories as despite the dubious evidence that supported them. For instance, most believers argued that the presence of metal artifacts beneath the mounds showed that the natives couldn't have them because they had no knowledge of metallurgy. Some tribes did in fact possess such skills, and the presence of defensive walls around tribal lands indicates that Native Americans could indeed construct structures such as earth mounds. Nonetheless, most Americans (5 9 )______ such evidence and instead considered other potential candidates for the mound builders. Popular choices were ancient Chinese, Greek, or African civilizations, none of which were in prehistoric America. Other people argued that mystical (6 0) ______, such as God or people from mythical Atlantis, built the mounds. 51. A. scattered B. extended c. stretched D. covered 52. A. philosophical B. infinite c. ritualistic D. opportunistic 53. A. commemorating B. accrediting c. recognizing D. endowing 54. A. bygone B. disrupted c. exhausted D. extinct 55. A. secretive B. divine c. celestial D. sacred 56. A. forefather B. ancestors c. foregoer D. ancestry 57. A. persistence B. perseverance c. insistence D. determination 58. A. for B. towards c. against D. from 59. A. missed B. refuted c. dispatched D. disposed 60. A. rites B. vigors c. powers D. motivations 248

V. READING COMPREHENSION (10 PTS): Read the texts below and choose the best answer to each question. PASSAGE A MUSICAL TALENT Among all the abilities with which an individual may be endowed, musical talent appears earliest in life. Very young children can exhibit musical precocity for different reasons. Some develop exceptional skill as a result of a well - designed instructional regime, such as the Suzuki method for the violin. Some have a good fortune to be bom into musical family in a household filled with music. In a number of interesting cases, musical talent is part of an otherwise disabling condition such as autism or mental retardation. A musically gifted child has an inborn talent, however, the extent to which the talent is expressed publicly will depend upon the environment in which the child lives. Musically gifted children master at an early age the principal elements of music, including pitch and rhythm. Pitch - or - melody - is more central in certain cultures, for example, in Eastern societies that make use of tiny quarter - tone interval. Rhythm, sounds produced at certain auditory frequencies and grouped according to a prescribed system, is emphasized in sub- Saharan Africa, where the rhythmic ratios can be very complex. All children have some aptitude for making music. During infancy, normal children sing as well as babble, and they can produce individual sounds and sound pattern. Infants as young as two months can match their mother's songs in pitch, loudness, and melodic shape, and infants at four months can match rhythmic structure as well. Infants are especially predisposed to acquire these core aspects of music, and they can also engage in sound play that clearly exhibits creativity. Individual differences begin to merge in young children as they learn to sing. Some children can match segments of a song by the age of two or three. Many others can only approximate pitch at this age and may still have difficulty in producing accurate melodies by the age o f five or six. However, by the time they reach school age, most children in any culture have a schema of what a song should be like and can produce a reasonably accurate imitation of the songs commonly heard in their environment. The early appearance of superior musical ability in some children provide evidence that musical talent may be separate and unique form of intelligence. There are numerous tales of young artists who have a remarkable "ear" or extraordinary memory for music and a natural understanding of musical structure. In many of these cases, the child is average in every other way but displays an exceptional ability in music. Even the most gifted child, however, takes about ten years to achieve the levels of performance or composition that would constitute mastery o f the musical sphere. 249 Every generation in music history has it famous prodigies - individuals with exceptional musical powers that emerge at a young age. In the eighteenth century, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began composing and perform ing at the age of six. As a child, Mozart could play piano like an adult. He had perfect pitch, and at the age of nine he was also a master of the art o f modulation - transitions from one key to another - which became one of the hallmarks o f his style. By the age of eleven, he had composed three symphonies and 30 other major works. Mozart's well - developed talent was preserved into adulthood. Unusual musical ability is a regular characteristic o f certain anomalies such as autism. In one case, an autistic girl was able to play "Happy Birthday" in the style of various composers, including Mozart, Beethoven, Verdi, and Schubert. When the girl was three, her mother called her by playing incomplete melodies, which the child would complete with the appropriate tone in the proper octave. For the autistic child, music may be the primary mode of communication, and the child may cling to music because it represents as a haven in a world that is largely confusing and frightening. 61. The word "precocity" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ■ Ạ. strong interest B. good luck c. advanced skill D. personal style 62. Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the sentence printed in bold in paragraph 1? A. Children may be born with superior musical ability, but their environment will determine how this ability is developed. B. Every child is naturally gifted, and it is responsibility o f the public schools to recognize and develop these talents. . c. Children with exceptional musical talent will look for the best way to express themselves through music - making.

D. Some musically talented children live in an environment surrounded by music, while others have little exposure to music. 63. The author makes the point that musical elements such as pitch and rhythm ' A. distinguish music from other art forms B. vary in emphasis in different cultures c. make music difficult to learn D. express different human emotions 64. The word "predisposed" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______ . A. inclined B. gifted c. pushed D. amused 65. According the passage, when does musical talent usually begin to appear? A. When infants start to babble and produce sound patterns B. Between the ages of two and four months c. When children learn to sing at two or three years old D. Between ten years old and adolescence 250 66. According the passage, which o f the following suggests that musical talent is the separate form o f intelligence? A. Exceptional musical ability in an otherwise average child B. Recognition of the emotional power o f music c. The ability of all babies to acquire core elements o f music D. Differences between learning music and learning language 67. Why does the author discuss Mozart in paragraph 6? A. To compare past and present views o f musical talent B. To give an example of a well - known musical prodigy c. To describe the development of individual musical skill D. To list musical accomplishments of the eighteenth century 68. All of the following are given as examples of exceptional musical talent EXCEPT A. a remarkable "ear" or perfect memory for music B. ability to compose major works at a young age c. appreciation for a wide variety o f musical styles - D. playing a single song in the style of various composers 69. The word "haven" in paragraph 7 is closest meaning t o ______ . A. beautiful art B. safe place c. personal goal D. simple problem 70. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about exceptional musical ability? A. It occurs more frequently in some cultures than in others. B. It is evidence of a superior level of intelligence in other areas, c. It has been documented and studied but is little understood. D. It is the result o f natural talent and a supportive environment. PASSAGE B THE BALANCE IN THE OCEANS The oceans' predators come in all shapes and sizes. For example, one of the less infamous ones is the colorful starfish, which feeds on plant life, coral, or other shellfish such as mussels for sustenance. A more bloodcurdling example, especially to human beings and most other species of fish, is the shark, though most scientists agree that only ten per cent o f the 450 plus species of sharks have been documented as actually attacking a human. Still, there is another predator lurking invisibly in the bodies of water of the world, one which poses one o f the greatest threats to all species o f ocean life - bacteria. Though many types o f fish are continually stalking and evading one another for survival, they all band together in an attempt to keep bacteria levels at bay in order to allow, their own existence to continue. Bacteria play a dual role in the ecosystems of the oceans. On the one hand, ■ they are beneficial as they stimulate plant life through food decomposition, which releases the necessary chemicals for the growth of plant life. This is called 251 nutrient recycling and helps keep the oceans alive. But, on the other hand, bacteria are a major predator for all fish because the y'attack fragile, weaker individuals. If they are allowed to run rampant and not kept in check, they could virtually suffocate the oceans. Ill water, bacteria prove to be an even greater threat than on land because, as they proliferate, they reduce the oxygen levels necessary for organisms in the oceans to live. Further, when fish populations become depleted due to factors like overfishing, microbes such as algae expand and threaten the fragile ecosystems of the ocean. Therefore, ocean predators play a critical role by thwarting bacteria growth and maintaining the oceans' equilibrium by reducing vulnerable links in the food chain. In many ways, the balance within the oceans’ ecosystems mirrors the human body. That is, all of their components must work in harmony for them to stay healthy, efficient, and alive. If one of them is missing or deficient, an entire system can be placed in jeopardy. In both the human body and the ocean, bacteria play a vital role because, at manageable levels, they aid in protecting and cleaning each system of foreign agents that can be of harm. On the other hand, if bacteria levels increase and become out of control, they can take hold o f a system, overrun it, and become debilitating. Therefore, both oceans and the human body have a kind of custodian that maintains bacteria levels. In the human body, it is called a phagocyte. Phagocytes eat up sick, old, or dying cells, which are more prone to bacterial invasion, and thus keep the body healthy. Like in the human body, bacteria can prove fatal to the living organisms in the ocean. Like phagocytes in the human body ocean .predators work as antibacterial custodians of the seas. In essence, they are the immune system and a vital link in the food chain because they remove small, injured, or sickly fish from the ocean environment before bacteria can become too. comfortable and multiply. By ridding the ocean of weaker fish, predators allow the stronger ones to multiply, making their species stronger and more resilient. Without their services and with their declining numbers, bacteria will blossom to levels that will eventually overpower and kill even the strongest species off ish because of the depletion of their number one source of life, all important oxygen. - While the greatest battle in the ocean may seem on the surface to be the survival of the fittest fish, a closer look reveals something completely different: fish versus microorganisms. Clearly, most living organisms in the oceans are hunters by nature, but this way o f life does not merely provide a food source for a dominant species, It also maintains a healthy level of bacteria in an ocean's ecosystem, thus ensuring the continuation of all species of life within. Major predators are necessary, like the antibacterial cells of the human body, to keep this delicate balance in synch. If their numbers continue to decline and humans ignore their vital role in the ocean, dire consequences will definitely result. 71. The word “lurking ” in the passage is closest in meaning to ■ A. attacking B. increasing c. waiting D. approaching 252 72. According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of ocean predators? A. The shark is the deadliest one for all other kinds of life in the oceans. B. One o f the most threatening to all fish populations is bacteria. c. Starfish do little damage to the population of mussels and shellfish.

D. Most o f the killers that hide in the oceans are unknown to humans. 73. Which ofthe following can be inferred from paragraph 1 about bacteria? A. They can be extremely detrimental to fish if their numbers increase. B. They are able to feed off themselves when other food sources are limited, c. They stimulate plant life, which in turn releases oxygen into the water. D. They present themselves in numerous shapes and forms as well as colors. 74. The author discusses “nutrien t recycling” in paragraph 2 in o rderto______ . A. show how bacteria act similarly in the ocean and the human body B. explain the different roles of nutrients and oxygen for species of fish c. indicate that bacteria do have a positive impact in the oceans D. note how chemicals from bacteria are able to stimulate plant growth 75. Which o f the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the sentence in bold (“Though... con tinue”)? A. Evasion tactics help fish escape from the threats posed by an increasing number o f bacteria. B. Various species of fish prey upon one another in order to lower bacteria levels in the ocean. c. High bacteria levels in the ocean help most species of fish to survive by providing them with food. D. Rivals or not, all fish help one another survive by preventing bacteria from proliferating. 76. The word “thwarting” in the passage is closest in meaning to ______. A. encouraging B. preventing c. slowing D. sustaining 77. According to paragraph 2, bacteria are dangerous to ocean life bec ause____. A. they have the capability to attack both strong and weaker fish B. they could monopolize the critical breathable gas in the ocean c. they get rid of vulnerable links, like dying fish, in the food chain D. they blossom out of control when overfishing becomes dominant 78. The word “deb ilitating” in the passage is closest in meaning to ______. A. stimulating B..hindering c. elevating D. weakening 79. The author’s description of phagocytes mentions all of the following EXCEPT A. They rid the human body of potentially dangerous organisms. B. They act in a similar manner as the predators of the ocean, c. They dispose o f bacteria to make weakened cells revive. D. They are cleaning agents in humans to maintain bacteria levels. 80. The word “It” in the passage refers t o ______. A. nature B. way of life c. food source D. dominant species 253 B. WRITTEN TEST I.

CLOZE TEST (20 PTS): Read the texts below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only ONE WORD for each space. PASSAGE A BRAIN GEL A gel that helps brains recover from traumatic injuries has been developed by scientists at the Clemson University in South Carolina. The gel, which is injected in liquid (1 )______at the site where the injury was sustained, stimulates (2) ______cell growth in the affected area. In terms of circumstances (3 )_______ which it might be applied, the gel has the potential to treat a wide range of head injuries, including those arising from car accidents, falls and gunshot wounds. Serious brain injuries are notoriously difficult to recover from on (4 )______ of the fact that the affected tissue can swell ( 5 )______ considerably, which causes additional collateral damage to the surrounding cells. Existing treatments do (6 )______more than attempt to limit secondary damage and are relatively ineffective, certainly when it comes to repairing the damaged cells, so the discovery of a gel which stimulates cell repair is being heralded (7) ______ revolutionary. (8 )______ the wave o f excitement now running through medical circles, it is important to note that results so far are based solely on observations of the effects of the gel on (9 )__ ___ rats. The development of the treatm ent is very much still in its preliminary stage and human testing is expected to be some three years or more (10) ______ yet. PASSAGE B The Dolby family gift is the largest philanthropic (1 1)______ ever made to UK science, and will support the Cavendish Laboratory, the world-leading centre for physics (1 2) ______where Ray Dolby received his PhD in 1961. Thanks to this exceptional gift, the University has now surpassed the £1 billion milestone in its current £2 billion fundraising campaign. This is the second generous gift to Cambridge (1 3) ______the Dolby family, who donated £35 million to Pembroke College, Cambridge in 2015. The Dolby family is now the largest donor to the fundraising campaign, and the (1 4) ______-largest donor to the University in its 808-year history. Ray Dolby, who died in 2013 at the age of 80, came to Cambridge as a Marshall Scholar in 1957. He received his PhD from the Cavendish in 1961, and was a student and later a Fellow of Pembroke College. In 1965, he founded Dolby Laboratories in London and invented the Dolby System, an analogue audio encoding system that forever improved the (15) _ _ _ _ _ of recorded sound. He moved the company in 1976 to San Francisco, where it has been ( 16 )______ ever since. 254 The new Cavendish Laboratory will be its third home since its founding in 1874, and was first announced by the government in its 2015 spendin g Review. it (12) ______ a £75 million investment in the Cavendish, which has been confirmed today, (1 8)______ maintain Britain's position at the (1 9)______ of physical sciences research. The funding will be delivered by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). Work (20) ______ the new facility is expected to begin in 2019. IL WORD FORMATION: (20PTS) PART 1: Complete each sentence, using the correct form of the word in parentheses. 1. Since his bad habits were never broken when he was a child, they are now ______ . (CORRECT)

2. The ending was rather______ considering the fact that the film had been so intense throughout. (CLIMAX) 3. Environmental quality will be th e______ for the 21 St century. (WORD) 4. 1 found the last scene extremely moving and particularly______ . (DIRECT) 5. At that time, package holidays to tropical resorts were pretty m uc h_____ _. (HEAR) 6. There is a craze f or______ foods in our country these days. (CANCER) 7. With free-market globalization, investment funds can mov e______ from the rich countries to the developing countries. (IMPEDIMENT) 8. Airport officials said there had been no hint of trouble until radio contact was suddenly lost three minutes fro m______ . (DOWN) 9. Copyright is the _ ____ , legally secured right to publish, reproduce, and sell the matter and form o f a literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work. (ALIEN) 10. ______ pain is the reason for around 5% of all emergency department visits. (ABDOMEN) PART 2: Complete the passage with appropriate forms from the words given in the box. in conscienti ous industry emergence imply periphery development nation aboun d relent The issues for (1 1 )________ economies are a little more straightforward. The desire to build on (12). _____ land is not born out of desperation or. necessity, but is a result of the (1 3 )________ march of the progress. Cheap labour and a relatively highly-skilled workforce make these countries highly competitive and there is a flood of (14) ________ investment, particularly from (15) looking to take advantage of the low wages before the cost and standard of living begin to rise, it is factors such as these that are making many Asian economies extremely attractive when viewed as investment opportunities 255 at the moment. Similarly, in Africa, the relative (16) ________ of preciousmetals and natural resources tends to attract a lot o f exploitation companies and a whole sub-industry develops around and is completely dependent on this foreign-direct investment. It is understandable that countries that are the focus o f this sort of attention can lose sight of the environmental (1 7) ________ of largescale industrial development, and this can have devastating consequences for the natural world. And it is a vicious cycle because the more (1 8) ________ active a nation becomes, the greater the demand for and harvesting of natural resources. For some, the environment issues, though they can hardly be ignored, are viewed as a ( 19)________ concern. Indeed.'having an environmental (2 0) _________or taking environmental matters into consideration when it comes to decisions on whether or not to build rubber-tree plantations or grow biofuel crops would be quite prohibitive indeed. For those involved in such schemes it is a pretty blackand-white issue. And, for vast tracts of land in Latin America, for example, it is clear that the welfare of the rainforests matters little to local governm ent when vast sums o f money can be made from cultivating the land. III. ERROR CORRECTION: (10PTS) The following passage contains 10 errors. Identify and correct them. SPORTS PHOTOGRAPHY 1 Sport as a spectacle and photography as a way of recording action have developed together. At the arrival of the 20th century, Edward Muybridge was experimenting with photographs of movement. His pictures of a runner feature in every history of photography. Another milestone was 5 when the scientist and the photographer Harold Edgerton extended the limits of photographic technology with his study of a drop of milk hitting the surface of a dish. Another advance was the development of miniature cameras in the late 1920s, that made it possible for photographers to put their cumbersome cameras behind. 10 The an-ival of television was a significant development in the transmission of sport. Paradoxically, it was having benefit to still photographers. People who watched a sport event on TV, with all their movement and action, valued the still image as a reminder of the game. Looking back, we can see how radically sports photography has changed. 15 Early sports photographers were so interested in the stories behind the sport as in the sport itself. Contemporary sports photography emphasizes the glamour of sport, the colour and the action. But the best sports photographers today do more than just simply tell the story of the event, or take a record of it. They capture in a single dramatic moment the real 20 emotions of the participants, emotions which people looking at the photographs can identify. 256 1. 4. 7. 2. 5. 8. 3. 6. 9. 0.

IV. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION: (20 PTS) Rewrite the following sentences using the words given. 1. Frankly speaking, I do not think that nature and nurture are equally significant. (SUBSCRIBE) To p u t............................................. ............................................... significance. 2. In the area, Thailand used to be much better than all other countries in football. (HEAD) In the area, Thailand doesn't ............ .................................................... longer 3. He hid the truth about the matter because he didn’t want to lose his high position. (CARPET) For fear that ......... .............................................................................................. 4. He indicated very clearly that he would do anything to obtain the contract. (LENGTHS) He g ave................................................................................................ -............... 5 .1 d idn 't dare to tell the truth because my father was there. (GUTS) Had it ....... .......................................................................................................... 6. It was not until five years had elapsed that the whole truth about the murder came out. - Not f o r........................... ............................................................... .................... . 7. She was surprised when he suddenly asked her to marry him. (TOOK) H is .................................................................................................. .................... 8. He seems to find the way Mimi behaves more a source of amusement than embarrassment. Far from ................................. ............................. ......... ............. amused by it. 9. After the expedition, I realized that she was not an efficient researcher. (SHAKES) It dawned .............................................. .......................................a researcher. 10. The accused may imagine a plan of killing the witness. (AWAY) The accused may conceive .............. .................................... ............................ 257

LÓ P 11 ] ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC A. MULTIPLE CHOICE (40 PTS) l. B 2. A 3.C 4. D 5. B 6. c 7. D 8. c 9. D 10. A l l .D 12. A 13. D 14. A 15. B 16. D 17. D 18. D 19. A 20. D 21. A 22. B 23. c 24. D 25. A 26 B 27. A 28. A 29. A 30. B 3 Ỉ.C 32. A 33. c 34. A 35. D. 36. B 37. c 38. D 39. c 40. A 41. D 42. A 43. B 44. B 45. A 46. c 47. A 48. c 49. D 50. c 51. A 52. c 53. B 54. D 55. D 56. D 57. A 58. c 59. B 60. c 6 l . c 62. A 63. B 64. A 65. c 66. A 67. B 68. c 69. B 70. D 71 c 72. B 73. A 74. c 75. D 76. B 77. B 78. B 79. c 80. B

B. WRITTEN TEST 2. stem 7. as 12. research 17. promised 3. in 8. Desp ite 13. from 18. helpin g 4. account 9. lab oratory/lab 14. second 19. fo refront 5. up 10. aw ay 15. quality 20. on 2. anticlimactic 6. anti-carcinogen ic 10. Ab dom inal 14. inward 18. industrially 3. w atchword 7. unim ped ed 11. em erging 4. well-d irecte d 8. to uchdown 12. unde velope d I. 1. form 6. little/no II . don atio n 16. headquartere d II. 1. incorrigible 5. u nheard- of 9. inaliena ble 13. re lentless 17. implica tion s III. 1. line 5: the photo gra pher —» p hotographer 3. line 9: put -» leave 5. line 12: spoil —» sports / sporting 7. line 15: so —> as 8. line 18: tha n ju st simp ly —» than simply 10 line 20 : em otions w hich -> emotion s with which 15. multinationals 16. ab und anc e 19. periph eral 20. con scie nce 2. line 8: th at —> w hich 4. line 11: having —> o f 6. line 12: the ir -» its 9. line 19: take —> mak e IV. 1. To put it bluntly, I do not sub scribe to the opinion that nature an d nurture are o f equal significa nce. 2. In the area , Thaila nd do esn’t sta nd he ad an d sho uld ers above all oth er countries in fo ot ba ll an y longer 3. For fear that he (should) lose his high position, he swept the matter under the carpet. 4. He gave e very indication o f go ing to any lengths to obta in the contract, / that he wo uld go to ... 5. Had it not bee n fo r my fa th er 's presenc e, I' d have ha d the guts to tell the truth. 6. N ot for anoth er fi ve yea rs did the whole truth ab out the mu rde r come out. 7. His sud den m arr iag e proposal took her by s urp rise / aback. 521 8. Far from be ing e mba rras sed by M im i's be hav ior, he se em s io he am used by it. 9. It dawned on me aft er the e xp edition th at she w as no gre at sh ak es as a researche r. 10. Th e acc use d may conceiv e o f do ing a wa y with the witn ess. ĨRưỜNG ĨH P Ĩ CHUYÊN NGUYỄN BỈNH KHIÊM - VĨNH LUNG A. MULTIPLE CHOICE I. 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. C 5. D 6.C 7. A 8. B 9. c 10. D II. l.D 2 A 3.C 4. B 5. D 6. A 7. B 8. c 9. D 10.C III. 1 .C 2 .C 3.A 4. B 5. B 6. D 7. B 8. A 9 C 10. A IV. 1. C 2 C 3. C 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. B 8. B 9 C 10. c V. PASSAGE 1 1. B 2. C 3.D 4. B 5.A 6.D 7.A 8.D 9.A 10.D PASSAGE 2: l. A 2. C 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. A 10. E IV. CLOZE TEST 1: l.D 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.C 9.A 10.B CLOZE TEST 2: 1. C 2. c 3.D 4. A 5. B 6. D 7. A 8. c 9. B 10. D B. WRITTEN TEST I. OPEN CLOZE TEST 1 1. as 2. bec ause 3. e xha ust 4. provides 5. d isc harge 6. o r 7. ben efit 8. g radually 9. require 10. individu OPEN CLOZE TEST 2: 1. spe cifica lly 2. sub scribe rs 3. w hich 4. out 5. righ 6. basic 7. raise 8. milesto ne 9. primary 10. on IL WORD FORM 1: 1. under estimated 5. activat ed 9. vis ual ize WORD FORM 2: 1. Ty pic ally 2. dramatise d 6. encouraging 7. professionalised III. 1. L ine 3: ap plica tio n —> a pp lie d 3.' Line 6: from —> by 5. Line 8: suc ks —> sucking 7. Line 9: w ith —> in 8. L ine 9. Line 14: and last —> or last 2. indefensible 3. lux iria ting 4 6. a dditive s 7. dis rep air 8 10. deforestati on / disaffore station 3. g race ful 8. departure 2 unilate ral inc essant ly 4. prec eden ce 5. unhindered 9. com mercial 10. spo nta nei ty Li ne 5: principle —> p rin cip al 4. Line 8: a rises —* rises 6. Line 9: ju st as —> such as 8. Line 12: d epe nd —> depending 10. Line 14: m otions —> motion 52 2