Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 Lần Thứ XXIV Năm 2018 Môn Tiếng Anh 10 – Đề thi và đáp án chính thức

     Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 là một trong những kỳ thi quan trọng của học sinh ở Việt Nam. Năm 2018, kỳ thi này đã diễn ra với sự tham gia của hàng ngàn học sinh trên toàn quốc. Trong đó, môn Tiếng Anh luôn là một trong những môn được đánh giá cao vì nó giúp học sinh phát triển kỹ năng ngôn ngữ cũng như khả năng giao tiếp.

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      Tài liệu này bao gồm đề thi chính thức cùng với đáp án, giúp bạn có thể tự đánh giá năng lực của mình cũng như làm quen với định dạng và cấu trúc của kỳ thi.

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P h ầ n I ___________________________________________ ĐỀ THI OLYMPIC TRUY ỀN TH ốN G 3 0 / 4 LAN THỨ X X IV -N Ã M 2 0 1 8 - —- - í — LỚP io | \___ -_______ _ Choose the best options (A, B, c, or D) that best complete the. following sentences. (40 PTS) 1. The local authority expressed regret as US drone strike ha s_____ killed innocent hostages. A. incongruously B. vehemently c. inadvertently D. graciously 2. These days the castle is swamped w ith _____of tourists. A. mobs B. throngs c. shoals D. cliques 3. He left the meeting early on the unlikely ___that he had a sick friend to visit. A. excuse B. pretext c. motive D. claim 4. He decided to withdraw from the powerboat race as he could see a (n )_____ of danger. A. prediction B. foreboding c. omen D. dearth 5. 1 slipped briefly back into sleep and emerged when breakfast was being served outside in a( n) _____ garden-courtyard.

A. whimsical B. extravagant c. extortionate D. enchanting 6. He had a momen tary_____ of concentration and before he knew it the car had spun out of control. A. lapse B. loss c. slip D. mistake 7. In the hands o f a careless driver, a car becomes a _____weapon. . A. fatal B. mortal c. lethal D. venal 8. He glanced at Juliet accusingly and she lo oked_____ abashed. A. completely B. absolutely c. utterly D. suitably 9. We were sorted out into groups according to the types o f honors and quite a long w ai t_____ . A. ensued B. eventuated c. supervened D. transpired 10. The Prime Minister will decide whether to release the prisoner or not; that's his _____ . A. derogatory B. abdication c. prerogative D. humanity 11. His new play is not only interesting but also unique. It is really off the beaten A. road B. path c. route D. track 5 12. That Peter was born and brought up in a rich family is as clear as the _____ . A. nose on his face B. tip o f his tongue c. back o f his hand D. hair on his head 13. I will tty to finish the job to the best o f my_____ . A. knowledge B. ability c. means D. command 14. Tim said the meal w as _____ , so we didn’t have to worry about the price. A. on the house B. on his expense c. for him D. for his money 15. Let H ercules himself do what he may, for a cat will mew and a dog will have his _____ . A. day B. time c. month D. year 16. Breaking his le g _____ a blow to his chances of becoming a professional footballer. A. brought B. caused c. dealt 17. In the

acting career, the moment one first cut his _ memorable with embarrassment and pride bubbling up inside. A. nails B. teeth c. fingers ' D. hair 18. His French is ro ughly _____ with my Japanese, so communication was rather difficult. A. in harmony B. on a par c. on equal term D. on good terms 19. Max has b ee n_____ my ears all night about his new job. A. bending B. deafening c. rolling D. biting 20. The fighting has stopped, so t o _____ , the war is over. D. struck will be the most A. all pins and needles c. all prim and proper 21. We would sooner Mr. Tram B. all chop and change D. all intents and purposes us the urgent information the other night' A. would have sent B. had sent c. sent D. had been sent 22. Would you b e_____ my letter while I am away? A. too good as to forward B. so good as to forward c. as good as to forward D. so good as forwarding 23. He ____ _ us on the last day of the congress, so his presence at the opening cerem ony was something o f a surprise. A. could have joined c. was about to join 24. You could have done B. had to join D. was to join inviting Sam to the party. B. a lot w orse than D. nothing as worse as A. better or worse than c. much better as Ư. nuuimg vvuuv o 25. He works Until nine o’clock every evening, and that’s quite he does o ver the weekend. A. except for B. apart from c. without D. but for 2 6 .1 would rather go skiin g_____ picnicking this weekend. A. than going B. than to going c. than to go D. than go the work 6 Tì. It is mandatory that smoking in public_____. A. is prohibited B. must be prohibited c. prohibiting D. be prohibited 28. In geometry, an ellipse may be defined as the locus of all points_____ distances from two fixed points is constant. A. the sum o f whose B. of which the sum c. whose sum of D. which the sum of 29. Tony gripped his brother’s arm lest h e_____by the mob. A. would be trampled B. were trampled c. be trampled D. could have been trampled 30. The mini dress was _____, but now it is making a comeback. A. a tad once thought to be finished B. once thought a fad to be finishing c. thought a fad to be finished once D. once thought to be a finishing fad 31. If you never put oil into your car engine, one day it will_____. A. flake out B. shut down c. seize up D. run off 32. If you pay the restaurant bill with your credit card, it wi ll___ with you later. A. settle down B. settle up c. pay back D. pay off 33. In those days, doctors ladled_____antibiotics to patients. A. with B. on c. in D. out 34. Let’s find a place where we c an _____the storm. A. wait out B. wear off c. wind down D. shrug off 35. The schoolboy w inc ed_____ the sight of the cane in the headmaster’s hand. A. at B. for c. by D. o f 36.1 was completely bowled_____by their warm reception. A. with B..up c. off D. over 37. I am not liberty to tell you anything about his private life. A. in B. at c. by D. on 38. The figure is mo re_____ 20 0, 1 think. A. o f B. at c. like D. with 39. Their performances are real ly_____ compare. How amazing! A. out o f B. over c. within D. beyond 40. The party was___full swing when I an’ived. Everyone was singing and dancing. A. in B. on c. about D. with READING COMPREHENSION 1: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below. STEP BACK IN TIME Historical biographer Antonia Fraser reveals the pleasures of studying a bygone era. Gibbon was inspired to write The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire sitting on the steps of the Capitol at Rome one evening, listening to the sound of monks chanting vespers. My own inspiration to become a historical biographer came in rather less elevated circumstances, as a teenager one rainy Oxford 7 afternoon: I began to read Lytton Strachey's Eminent Victorians and was in particular fascinated by his essay on the worldly Cardinal Manning. This was going to be the life for me! Once back at school 1 plunged into further research in the convent library. A very different picture emerged. Gradually as 1 pursued the topic, 1 became aware of Strachey's daring sallies into "artistic truth" (as opposed to historical truth). Nevertheless, I never forgot my original sense of being

transported into a world more vivid than my own. An ability to convey this sensation is, 1 believe, at the heart of the matter. If you, the biographer, don't thrill to your subject, you can hardly in all fairness expect the reader to do so. In a sense (not of course the commercial sense) the choice of subject is irrelevant so long as it meets that requ irem ent. You could say that I was extremely lucky to choose Mary Queen of Scots for my first foray since there proved to be a world-wide public for the troubles of the ill-fated Queen. But you could argue equally that I made my own luck, since I had always been obsessed by Mary's story from childhood. Nor was success fore-ordained. It was, after all, the leading publisher Mark Bonham -Carter of (then) Collins who said to me when I confessed my project, "They say that all books on Mary Queen of Scots sell and no books on South America do", before adding with a laugh, "Perhaps yours will be the exception." Nevertheless I did have luck. In the 60s, so-called narrative biography was said to be pas sé. Mary Queen of Scots was an early beneficiary from the fact that the public continued to have an appetite for it, so long as the research was felt to be solid. The actual research for a biography - now that's a whole other matter. The paramount need for it - historical truth not Stracheyesque truth must be established - means that biographers discover for themselves the reality of Dr. Johnson's wise dictum: "A man will turn over half a library to make a book." And what about those fabled things boasted of on blurbs: hitherto unpublished documents? Obviously it is every researcher's dream to discover such papers, and their discovery once again may make a project commercial which would not otherwise be so. At the same time, I would issue a caveat about hitherto unpublished documents. HUDs are not in themselves more valuable than the printed sources - it's a historical coincidence that one set has become known early on, the other not. One needs to evaluate them even more closely. Here I speak from personal experience. A series of chances led me to the discovery of some hitherto unpublished letters of Oliver Cromwell ju st as 1 was finishing my manuscript. I blazoned my finds across the text: only to realize at the proof stage, that they tnight be unpublished but they were not very important in the grand scheme o f things.., an expensive mistake. Where the perils and pleasures of writing historical biography are concerned, there are two perils which seem to me to raise points of principle. The first is the 8 peril of anachronistic judgements. For example, in the 16th century more or less everybody took astrology

seriously and more or less everybody enjoyed a jolly afternoon out to see the bears baited. It's no good dismissing the former as meaningless and cringing from the latter as disgusting. I would further cite the peril of hindsight. We may know that Henry VIII will ma ny six times, but he didn't, and he would have been amazed if it had been predicted at the time of his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon. And the pleasures? Manifold! Principal among them however is the opportunity to lead a life less ordinary. As a biographer, I can rule over kingdoms, lead the cavalry into battle, patronise the great artists of the past and all w ithout leaving my chair. 41. What did the writer learn while researching a historical figure as a teenager? A. There was a surprising amount o f information available. B. It was not possible to take eveiything she read as fact. c. It was difficult to interpret the true meaning of what she read. D. It was necessary to consult a wide range o f sources. 42. What does that requirement refer to? A. the read er's response to a writer's subject B. the correct choice o f subject c. the commercial appeal of the book D. the wri ter’s ability to communicate their enthusiasm 43. What did Mark Bonham-Carter believe about the writer’s choice o f subject? A. H er long-standing interest in it may ensure her book’s success. B. It did not guarantee her book’s success. c. There are already too many books written on it. D. It was a wise choice for her first biography. 44. The main point that the writer is making in the fourth paragraph is that A. a b iography is more likely to be successful if it contains new information. B. researchers must be careful to check all facts thoroughly, c. research material can include inaccurate information. D. extensive reading is crucially important. 45. What warning does the writer give to biographers about unpublished documents? A. They are difficult to obtain as their discovery is down to chance. B. Their overall significance to the book must be carefully considered, c. Their use could result in diminished commercial success for a book. D. It should not be assumed that they are authentic. 46. An e xample of an anachronistic judgement that the writer gives is A. not being able to imagine oneself living in the sixteenth century. B. being uninformed about sixteenth century customs and practices. c. view ing the sixteenth century from a twenty-first centu iy perspective. D. focusing only on the negative side o f life in the sixteenth century. 9 47. In the article as a whole, the writer implies that her main motivation for becoming a historical biographer was the chance to A. carry out extensive research. B. become immersed in history, c. discover unpublished documents. D. establish historical truth. 48. The word elevated is closest in meaning to A. lofty B. normal c. raised D. high 49. The word passe is closest in meaning to A. obsolete B. out o f fashion c. antique D. archaic 50. The word their in the fifth paragraph refers to A. blurbs B. researchers c. unpublished documents D. historical truths READING COMPREHENSION 2 Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions below. The Amazonian wilderness harbors the greatest number of species on this planet and is an irreplaceable resource for present and future generations. Amazonia is crucial for maintaining global climate and gene tic resources, and its forest and rivers provide vita! sources of food, building materials, pharmaceuticals, and water needed by wildlife and humanity. The Los Amigos watershed in the state o f Madre de Dios, southeastern Peru, is representative o f the pristine lowland moist forest once found throughout most of upper Amazonian South America. Threats to tropical forests occur in the form of fishing, hunting, gold mining, timber extraction, impending road construction, and slash and burn agriculture. The Los Amigos watershed, consisting of 1.6 million hectares (3.95 million acres), still offers the increasingly scarce opportunity to study rainforest as it was before the disruptive encroach ment o f modern human civilization. Because of its relatively pristine condition and the immediate need to ju stify it as a conservation zone and as a corridor between Manu National Park and the Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone, this area deserves intensive, long-term projects aimed at botanical training, ecotourism, biological inventory, and information synthesis. On July 24, 2001, the government of Peru and the Amazon Conservation Association, represented by Enrique Ortiz, signed a contractual agreement creating the first long-term permanently renewable conservation concession. To our knowledge this is the first such agreement to be implemented in the world. The

conservation concession protects 340,000 acres of old growth Amazonian forest in the Los Amigos watershed which is located in southeastern Peru. This watershed protects the eastern flank o f Manu National Park and is part of the lowland forest corridor that links it to Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. The Los Amigos conservation concession will serve as a mechanism for the development of a regional center o f excellence in natural forest management and biodiversity science. Several major projects are being implemented at the Los Amigos Conservation Area. Louise Emmons is initiating studies of mammal diversity and ecology in 10 the Los Amigos area. Other projects involve studies of the diversity of arthropods, amphibians, reptiles, and birds. Robin Foster has conducted botanical studies át Los Amigos, resulting in the labeling of hundreds of plant species along .two kilometers of trail in upland and lowland forest. Los Amigos has also been a major field site for Robin's rapid identification laminated photographic field guides to tropical plants. Michael Goulding is leading a fisheries and aquatic ecology program, which aims to document the diversity of fish, their ecologies, and their habitats in the Los Amigos area and the Madre de Dios watershed in general. With support from the Amazon Conservation Association, and in collaboration with US and Peruvian colleagues, the Botany of the Los Amigos project has been initiated. At Los Amigos, we are attempting to develop a system of preservation, sustainability, and scientific research; a marriage between various disciplines, from human ecology to economic botany, product marketing to forest management. The complexity of the ecosystem will best be understood through a multidisciplinary approach, and improved understanding of the complexity will lead to better management. In essence, we must be informed to make wise management decisions about Amazonian forests. These forests hold the greatest number of species on our planet and are an irreplaceable resource for present and future generations. The future of these forests will depend on sustainable management and development of alternative practices and products that do not require irreversible destruction. The botanical project will provide a foundation of information that is essential to other programs at Los Amigos. By combining botanical studies with fisheries and mammology, we will better understand plant/animal interactions. By providing names, the botanical program will facilitate accurate communication about plants and the animals that use them. Included in this scenario are humans, as we will dedicate time to people-plant interactions in order to learn what plants are used by people in the Los Amigos area, and what plants could potentially be used by people. To be informed, we must develop knowledge. To develop knowledge, we must collect, organize, and disseminate information. In this sense, botanical inform ation has conservation value. Before we can use plant-based products from' the forest, we must know what species are useful. We must know what their names are in order to be able to communicate accurately about them. We must be able to identify them, to know where they occur in the forest, how many of them exist, how they are pollinated and when they produce fruit (or other useful products). Aside from understanding the species as they occur locally at Los Amigos, we must have information about their overall distribution in tropical America in order to better understand and manage the distribution, variation, and viability of their genetic diversity and germplasm. This involves a more complete understanding of the species through studies in the field and herbarium. 11 5 1. The phrase generic resources refers t o ________ . A. plant seeds B. different races of people c. diverse species of plants and animals D. cells that can be used in genetic cures for diseases 52. In paragraph 2, the author emphasizes that the current environmental condition of Amazonian South America i s ______ . A. mostly unscathed B. restorable through his project c. irredeemable everyw here but in the Los Amigos watershed D. varying from destroyed to virtually pristine 53. The word encroachment in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ________ . A. intrusion B. augmentation c. infringement D. seepage 54. The author implies in paragraph three that the agreement between Peru and the Amazon Conservation Association is history primarily because it______ . A. was the first long-term agreement regarding land in the Amazon Rainforest B. represented the first time a South American government had agreed to renew a conservation agreement c. is essentially a perm anent conservation agreement D. represents the first time such an agreement has been in the form of a renewable contract 55. The author's main purpose in the passage is to ________ . A. demonstrate that conservation efforts have been historically successful and so should be continued B. garner support for opposition to destructive activities in the Los Amigos watershed c. position the Los Amigos watershed .agreement as a success towards the achievement o f the vital goal o f conservation the Amazonian rainforests D. argue that the study pristine rainforests is essential for documenting and studying the myriad new species that the forests contain 56. The author's tone in the passage can be best described a s________ . A. advocacy for his project over the other competing projects B. general praise for conservation projects in Amazonian South America, c. passionate support for his and related projects D. zealous advocacy for his point o f view 57. The work of Louise Emmons, Robin Foster, and Michael Goulding (in paragraph 4) are employed in the passage a s________ . A. colleagues o f the au thor's in his botanical project B. examples of the kinds of activities the author and his colleagues are trying to halt c. scientists who are representative of new trends of study in Amazonian botany D. scientists involved in projects related and amenable to the author's 12 58. The author's botanical project involved all of the following E X C E PT _____ .

A. studying plants in laboratory B. studying how plants are used by humans and animals c. facilitating pharmaceutical use of plants D. labeling plants in the Los Amigos area 59. When the author says that the botanical project will provide names he means that the project will ~ __. A. help recognize new species B. aid in the standardization of names for new species c. participate in naming the regio n’s different zones D. clarify the conclusion surrounding the names of different organizations working in Amazonia 60. When the author says that botanical information has conservation value he means that ________ . A. a robust understanding of conservation ism is aided by botanical information B. conservationists should strive to preserve botanical information c. specification is of importance for conservation D. political discussions about conservation should use botanical nomenclature GUIDED CLOZE 1: Choose the most appropriate words to fill in the blanks. The national park movement began in the United States in 1870 when a team of explorers suggested that part of the Yellowstone River region be (6 1)_____ in order to protect its geothermal (6 2)_____ , wildlife, forests, and (6 3)_____ scenery for the benefit of future generations. Congress (6 4 )_____ by creating Yellowstone National Park, the world's first, in 1872. The idea proved (6 5)_____ , and the number o f national parks in this country grew rapidly, new parks being set up by presidential (6 6)_____ and sometimes as a result o f gifts by states of the union or by individuals. Administration of this increasingly comp lex system was in the hands of the u.s. Army for thirty years from 1886, but thẹn Congress created the National Park Service as part of the Department of the Interior to ( 67 )_____ it. Today, in addition to what might be thought of as typical national parks, the Service also manages places of historic interest, hiking trails, seashores, rivers, (6 8)_______ of scientific interest and memorials. In all, more than 300 entities are involved, covering over 32 million hectares. Each unit is directed by a supe rinte ndent who is responsible for all aspects of the operation. Staff ( 69)___ administrative personnel and, according to the nature of the unit, park rangers, naturalists, historians, and (7 0) _____ workers. 61. A. set up B. set aside C. set by D. set in 62. A. tokens B. characters C. features D. traits 63. A. breathless B. optimal c. exceptional D. prom inent 64. A. countered B. retrieved C. designated D. responded 65. A. prevailing B. banal C. widespread D. popular 13 66. A. analogy B. proclamation c. constitution D. dissemination 67. A. oversee B. overlook c. overcharge D. overact 68. A. observatories B. reserves c. reservoirs D. estuaries 69. A. cover B. control c. undergo D. undertake 70. A. maintenance B. sustainable c. protectorate D. conservation GU IDED CL OZ E 2: Choose the most appropriate words to fill in the blanks. Ocean water plays a(n) (7 1)_____ role in supporting life. The great ocean basins hold about 300 million cubic miles of water. From this vast amount, about 80,000 cubic miles of water are sucked into the atmosphere each year by evaporation and returned by precipitation and drainage to the ocean. More than 24,000 cubic miles of rain descend annually upon the continents. This vast amount is required to ( 72 )_____ the lakes and streams, springs and water tables on which all flora and fauna are dependent. Thus, the hydrosphere permits organic existence. The hydrosphere has strange characteristics because water has (7 3 )_____ unlike those of any other liquid. One (7 4) ________ is that w ater upon freezing (75) __________ by about 9 percent, whereas most liquids contract on cooling. (76) ________ this reason, ice floats on water bodies instead of sinking to the bottom. If the ice sank, the hydrosphere would soon be frozen solidly, except for a thin layer of surface melt water during the summer season. Thus, all aquatic life would be destroyed and the interchange of warm and cold currents, which moderates climate, would be (77 )________ absent. Another outstanding characteristic of water is that water has a heat capacity which is the highest of all liquids and solids except ammonia. This characteristic enables the oceans to absorb and store vast quantities of heat, (7 8)_____ often preventing climatic extremes. In addition, water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. It is this characteristic which helps make oceans a great storehouse for minerals which have been washed (7 9) _____ from the continents. In several areas of the world these minerals are being commercially exploited. Solar evaporation of salt is widely (8 0) _____ , potash is extracted from the Dead Sea, and magnesium is produced from sea water along the American Gulf Coast. 7Ỉ. A. principle B. principal c. dispensable D. expendable 72. A. replenish B. reinforce c. replete D. restore 73. A. property B. characteristics c. assets D. nature 74. A. alienation B. distinction c. contrast D. inconsistency 75. A. extends B. inflates c. increases D.e xpa nds 76. A. For B. By c. In D. With 77. A. remarkably B. vaguely c. unnoticeably D. indefinitely 78.A so B. hence c. and then D. consequently 79 A. o ff B. out c. up D. down 80. A. exercised B. exerted c. practised D. proceeded 14 B. WRITTEN TEST (70 PTS)

I. CLOZE TEST (20 PTS) OP EN CL OZ E 1: Fill in each numbered blank with ONE suitable word. A new threat to our health seems to have arisen in our midst, confusion and stress brought (1 )________ by technology. All you need to do to prove this to (2 )_______ is to telephone a large company; a recorded voice will (3 )________ you with a bewildering list of choices, and when you have finished answering its questions, you will probably be subjected to several minutes of piped music before you eventually make contact with a human being. But the stress you undergo as a result is negligible compared to the (4 )_______ the telegraph made on people 150 years ago. Until (5 )_______ , messages could only travel as fast as a messenger could carry them. But now they could be sent great (6 )______ in seconds. Before long, ( 7 ) ________ cables were laid across the oceans, and thirty years later, the network reached 20,000 towns around the world. Information arrived so quickly, often contradicting what had previously been transmitted, (8 )____________ businessmen had to work much harder to (9 )________ abreast of developments. If we find difficulty with the Internet, which is technological evolution, (1 0)________ revolution, our ancestors had afar harder task in getting used to the invention in the first place. OPEN CL OZ E 2: Fill ill each numbered blank with ONE suitable word. Negative impacts from tourism occur when the level o f visitor use is greater than the environment’s ( 11 )_______ to cope with this use within the acceptable limits o f change. Uncontrolled conventional tourism poses potential (1 2) ______ to many natural areas around the world. It can put enormous pressure on an area and lead to impacts such as soil erosion, increased pollution, (1 3)_______ into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species and heightened (1 4)______ to forest fires. It often puts a strain on water resources and it can force local populations to compete for the use o f critical resources. Water, and especially fresh water, is one of the most critical natural resources. The tourism industry generally (1 5)____________ water resources for hotels, swimming pools, golf courses and personal use of water by tourists. This can result (1 6 )________ water shortages and (1 7)_________of water supplies, as well as generating a greater volume of waste water. Tourism can create great pressure on local resources like energy, food and other raw materials that may already be in short supply. Greater extraction and transport of these resources exacerbates the physical impacts associated with their exploitation. Because of t he 0 8 ) character of the industry, many destinations have ten times (19) inhabitants in the high season than in the low season. A high demand is placed upon these resources to (2 0)________ the high expectations tourists often have (proper heating, hot water, etc.) 15 II.

WORD FORMATION (20 PTS) WORD FORMATION 1: Supply the correct forms o f the words given. 1. To th e __________ , most computer systems seem complex and difficult to understand. (INITIATIVE) 2. The pieces of evidence fell into place with th e __________ precision of a well-made jigsaw puzzle. (VOICE) 3. Parents have de ep ___________ about allowing business values to be used in schools. (GIVE) 4. For many people, social networking offers them a feeling o f ___________ from the real world. (ESCAPE) 5. Not sick, Mai guessed, but pro bab ly___________ now that she drank a lot at the party last night. (HANG) 6. The boats surrounded the whales, drove them into nets, where they became ____________ and were rendered helpless by harpoon thrusts. (MESH) 7. “P” is a ___________ consonant. (LIP) 8. P er haps___________ , recent computer modeling studies predict fewer tropical cyclones if the ocean heats up further as a result of global warming. (INTUITION) 9. New immigrants have been suc ces sfully_____ ______. into the community. (SIMILAR) 10. We have to learn good examples, to look at our behavior and to stop being . (RIGHT) WORD FORMATION .2: Fill in the blank with an appropriate form o f one of the words given to make a meaningful passage. bridge live allegation seque ntial name healthy corporate accompany license gain ful William Sydney Porter (1862-1910), who wrote under the (1 1) ________ of o. Henry, was born in North Carolina. His only formal education was to attend his Aunt Lina's school until the age of fifteen, where he developed his (1 2) __________ love o f books. By 1881 he was a ( 13 )___________pharmacist. However, within a year, on the recommendation of a medical colleague of his Fath er's, Porter moved to La Salle County in Texas for two years herding sheep. During the time, Webster's (14) ____________ Dictionary was his constant (15) ____________ , and Porter gained a knowledge of ranch life that he later (16) ____________ into many of his short stories. He then moved to Austin for three years, and during this time the first recorded use o f his pen name appeared, (17) _________ __ derived from his habit o f calling “Oh, Henry” to a family cat. In 1887, Porter married Athol Estes. He worked as a draftsman, then as a bank teller for the First National Bank. In 1894 Porter founded his own humor weekly, the “ Rolling Stone”, a venture that failed within a year, and later wrote a column for the Houston Daily Post. In the meantime, the First National Bank was examined, and the (1 8) ___________ indictment of 1886 stated that Porter had embezzled funds. Porter then fled to 16 New Orleans, and later to Honduras, leaving his wife and child in Austin. He returned in 1897 because of his wife's continued (1 9)____________ , however, she died six months later. Then, in 1898 Porter was found guilty and sentenced to five years' imprisonment in Ohio. At the age of 35, he entered prison as a defeated man; he had lost his jo b, his home, his wife, and finally his invented name he now used to hide his identity. He wrote at least twelve stories in jail, and after (2 0 )____________ his freedom, went to New York City, where he published more than 300 stories and gained fame as America’s favorite short story writer. Porter married again in 1907, but after months of poor health, he died in New York City at the age of 48 in 1910. o. Henry's stories have been translated all over the world. III. ERROR IDEN TIFICATION (10 PTS) Identify 10 mistakes in this passage and suggest corrections. 1 5 10 15 Preserving organisms in museums is one way of retaining them for posterity, but almost people agree that it would be nice to keep a few of them live in the wild, too. At the moment, which species survive, which decline to threatened or even status and which succumb for extinction is something of a lottery. WORLDMAP is an easy-to-use software that identified geographical patterns in diversity, rarity and conservation priorities. It can perform a range of specialist biological analysis for infinitely countless numbers of species, with a view to provide biodiversity data for research purposes. The program divides the surface area of the world into cells, usually arranging in a rectangular grid. WOR LDMAP can also predict the likelihood of a hitherto unobserved species found in an area on the basis of theirs known distribution. Given the patchiness of most records, which is a useful trick. Furthermore, it cán select complementary areas for preservation. Those are not necessarily cells with the highest individual biodiversity, but for those which, together, maxim ize what is preserved by picking places with the least

overlapping species. 1.________________ 4 .________________ 7 __ _____________ 2 ._______________ 5 ._______________ 8 ._______________ 3 ._______________ 6 ._______________ 9. _________ 10. IV. SEN TEN CE TRANSFORM ATION: Rewrite the following sentences using the words given. (20 PTS) 1. Linda was very nervous, which made her look like a bashful girl. (CAME) -> Su ch _________ ___ ___________________________________________ • 2. As soon as the funds ran out, they had to abandon the scheme. (PETERED ) -> The instan t____________ __ ______________________________________ 17 3. Why did you reveal my plan to Kathy? (BREATHED) -> I'd _ ____________ ________ _________________________________. 4. David was responsible for the family business as soon as his father retired. (CHARGE) -» Scarc ely _____________________________________________________ . 5. Your encouragement helped to make things less grievous after such a heavy loss. (CUSHION) —> It w as_______________________________________________________ . 6. Tina was crazy about stamps, so she spends lots of money on them every month. (SPLASHED) —» Had it________________________________________________________ . 7. He tried hard but couldn't compensate for what he had done. (AMENDS) —> T ry __________________________________ ________________________ . 8. Experts think that all dogs evolved from wolves. (DESCENDED) -» All do gs ______________________________- _____________ experts. 9. We d idn't learn he still managed to live with very little money as a waiter until later. (EKED) —> Not u nt il_____________ _______________________________ ________. 10. Nobody is certain if the project will be permitted to continue. (GO-AHEAD) —> It's still to uc h___________________________________________ or not. TRUÔNG THPT CHUYÊN HUỲNH MẪN ĐẠT - KIÊN GIANG A. MULTIPLE CHOICE (40 RTS) Circle A, B, C or D that best completes each of the following sentences. I. WORD CHOICE (5 pts) 1. She was in the office all o f Wednesday and so has a alibi. A. stale B. considerable c. broad D. cast-iron 2. The camel has adapted to survive in a n ________ environment like the desert for many days w ithout water. A. acidic B. alkaline c. arid D. avid 3. A special feature of the room is the huge picture window whi ch ________ a splendid view of the Quantock hills. A. allows . B. affords c. enables D. presents 4. He still suffers from a rare tropical disease which h e _______ while in Africa. A. infected B. complained c. gained D. contracted 5. Some people prefer to watch a film first, and then read the J ____ in the paper. A. critic B. revue c. review D. criticism 18

P h ần I t ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI OLYMPIC TRUYỀN T Hố NQ 3 0 /4 LẦN THỨ XXIV - NĂM 2 0 1 8 lói* ìoỊ ĐỀ CHÍ NH THỨC A. MULTIPLE CHOICE. l . c 2. B 3. B 4. c 5. D 6. A 7. c 8. D 9. A 10 11.D 12. A 13 .B 14. A 15. A 16. c 17. B 18. B 19. A 20 21. B 22. B 23. D 24. B 25. B 26. D 27. D 28. A 29. c 30 31. c 32. B 33. D 34. A 35. A 36. D 37. B 38. c 39. D 40 41 B 42. D 43. B 44. D 45. B 46. c 47. B 48. A 49. B 50 5 1 .c 52 D 53. A 54. c 55. c 56. c 57. D 58. D 59. B 60 61 B 62. c 63. c 64. D 65. D 66. B 67. A 68. B 69. A 70 71 B 72 A 73. B 74. D 75. D 76. A 77. A 78. B 79. D 80 B. WRITTEN TEST I. 1. about 2. yourself 5. then 6. distances 9. keep / stay 10. not 3. provide I supply 7. submarine 9. keep / stay 10. not 11. ability 11. ability 13. discharges 14. vulnerability/su sceptibility 16. in 17. degradation 18. seasonal 4. impression 8. that 12. threats 15. overuses 19. more 20. meet II. 1. uninitiated 2. unequivocal 6. enmeshed ■ 7. bilabial 10. self-righteous 13. licensed 14. Unabridged 17. allegedly 18. subsequent III. 3. misgivings 4. escapism 8. counter-intuitively 11. pseudonym 15. companion 19. ill-health 12. lifelong 16. incorporated 20. re-gaining 5. hungover 9. assimilated

LINE MISTAKE CORRECTION 2 almost people most people / almost all people 3 live alive 4 succumb for succumb to 8 infinitely countless countless 8 provide providing 10 arranging arranged 12 theirs its 13 which that / this 15 cells the cells 15 but for but rather 497 IV. 1. Such wa s her nervousness that s he came o ver as a bashful girl. 2. The instant the f unds pet ered out, the y had to abandon the s chem e. 3. I'd ra ther/so on er yo u ha dn ’t b rea the d a w ord about my plan to Ka thy . 4. Scarcely had his f athe r retired wh en David too k charge / wa s put in ch ar ge o f the fam ily business. 5. It was y ou r encour ag em en t tha t h elped (to) c ush ion the blo w after suc h a heavy loss. 6. Had it not b een for her craz e for stam ps, T ina w ou ld n’t h ave splas hed out on the m every month . 7. Try as he might, he co uldn ’t m ake am ends for w ha t... 8. All dogs are tho ught to hav e been desce nded from w olve s by / a ccording to experts. 9. Not until later did w e lear n he (still) eked out a (m ise rable ) living / an existence as a w ait er. 10. It’s still touch and go wh ether the p roject will be given / w ill get the goahead or not. TRƯỞNG THPT CHUYÊN HUỲNH MẦN DẠT - KIÊN GIANG A. MUL TIPL E CH OI CE (4 0 P T S) I. l. D 2. c 3. B 4. D 5. c 6. A 7. B 8. c 9. B 10. D n . l . c 2. D 3 c 4 B 5.C 6. D 7. A 8. B 9. c 10. B III. 1. C 2. D 3 D 4. C 5 c 6. B 7. A 8. D 9. A ' 10. B IV. 1.A 2. c 3. D 4. D 5 A 6. A 7. c 8. B 9. B 10. A V. READING PASSAGE 1 (5 pts) l. D 2. c 3. c 4. B 5.B 6. A 7. A 8. c 9. D 10. A READING PASSAGE 2 (5 pts) l . c 2. D 3. A 4.C 5. c 6. c . 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. A VI. GUIDED CLOZE TEST 1 (5 pts) l. D 2. D 3. c 4. A 5. c 6. D 7. c 8. c 9. A 10. B GUIDED CLOZE TEST 2 (5 pts) l. D 2. B 3. A 4. c 5. B 6. c 7. B 8. D 9. A 10. D B. W RI TT EN T E ST (70 pts) I. OPEN CLOZE TEST 1 (10 pts) 1. néver/rarely 2. to 3. once 4. go 5. themselves 6. singing 7. take 8. at 9. But 10. showing OPEN CLOZE TEST 2 (10 pts) I. redundant 2. rare/precious/unique/.. 3. business 4. premises 5. self-em ployed 6. aspects/matters/factors/... 7. loan 8. specialize 9. payment 10. honest/kind/reliable/... 498