Đề thi tuyển sinh vào lớp 10 THPT Chuyên Chu Văn An, Hà Nội-Amsterdam môn Tiếng Anh (Chuyên) năm học 2022-2023

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Đáp án




(Đề thi gồm 08 trang)


Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH (chuyên Anh)

Ngày thi: 20/6/2022

Thời gian làm bài: 120 phút


Bằng số

Bằng chữ

Chữ ký và họ tên CB chấm thi 1

Chữ ký và họ tên CB chấm thi 2


(do Ban phách ghi)

Lưu ý: Thí sinh làm bài trực tiếp vào các trang của đề thi này, không được sử dụng từ điển và bất kỳ loại tài liệu nào. Cán bộ coi thi không giải thích gì thêm.

LISTENING: You will hear each part TWICE. (2.0 PTS)

Part 1. Questions 1-11 (1.1 pts)

Questions 1-6: Circle the correct letter, A, B C or D.

1. Rich people have been known to live in suburbs

A. at least since the 6th century BC

B. since the 1st century BC

C. only in modern times

D. as early as the 1st century BC

2. During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, London

A. encouraged poor people to move to the edge of the city

B. expanded by incorporating nearby towns

C. rebuilt its walls to contain a larger area

D. was inhabited by many poor people

3. In the 19th century, the development of suburbs was encouraged by

A. the high quality of suburban housing

B. improvements in public transport

C. a wish to own weekend homes

D. the widened streets

4. European suburbs, unlike those in North America,

A. consist largely of low-density housing

B. are well planned

C. have nice weather

D. have individual characters

5. Suburban sprawl is said to destroy

A. town centres

B. business activity

C. human relationships

D. local economy

6. A major reason for the development of suburban sprawl in the USA was

A. improvements in car manufacture

B. highway programme

C. people's unwillingness to live in high density housing

D. the availability of money to buy homes

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Questions 7-11: Circle FIVE letters A-J

Which FIVE claims does the writer make about suburban sprawl? A. Housing and other components are usually separated from each other. B. There are insufficient controls over the actions of developers.

C. Life in housing districts is more limited than in traditional towns. D. The residents have no input into the names of new suburbs.

E. Names may give a false impression of suburbs.

F. The design of school buildings tends to be old-fashioned.

G. The size of schools creates problems for their students.

H. The location of school encourages the use of cars.

I. The population is too small to support shops serving a small area.

J. One reason for heavy traffic in suburbs is that a car is likely to contain only the driver.

Part 2. Questions 12-20 (0.9 pt)

Complete the summary below. Write only ONE word for each answer.

When companies are interviewing job applicants, one quality that they generally demand is personal initiative. This means that the person is a (12)

and understands his or her needs for (13)

and experience. Recruiters prefer candidates to show necessary (14) Another valuable quality is being able to deal with (15) feel positive about a (16)

in their job applications. without giving up. Candidates should They should be confident, and treat other people with (17)

It is useful to record the

They should base their questions in the interview on previous (18) (19)

that they can offer the employer. It is essential to be good at (20)

variety of situations.


in a

Part 1. Circle the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions. (0.2 pt)

21. A. staple

22. A. conserve

B. versatile B. reserve

C. buffalo

C. preserve

D. career

D. observe

Part 2. Circle the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. (0.3 pt)

23. A. regretful

24. A. event

25. A. variety

B. denial B. igloo

B. marinate


C. sarcastic

C. vehicle

C. imperial

D. secular

D. pastime D. magnificence

Part 1. Circle the best option A, B, C or D to complete the following sentences. (1.0 pt) 26. The thieves cleared

when they heard the guard approaching. B. away

C. out

we not got lost along the way, it would have been a great journey.

A. off

27. If you catch them stealing again, there will be

A. no help

B. no choice

D. up for it but call the police. C. no knowing

D. saying


A. Might

29. They are

A. so far

B. Would

B. as far

C. Should

C. far better

D. Had

D. by far


A. Even

C. Try as

D. Much as

31. Do not take it as

A. heard

C. spoken

the best employees in the company.

I'd like to help you out, I'm afraid I just haven't got any spare money at the moment.

B. Despite that anyone applying for the course would have the necessary qualifications. B. written

32. You shouldn't accept everything politicians say at face

B. value

C. worth

A. merit

D. read

as they are often trying to win votes.

D. benefit

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33. If a diamond is heated without oxygen, it will turn to graphite, a form of

A. carbon is so soft

C. carbon so soft

B. is carbon so soft D. so soft the carbon

that is used as a lubricant.

34. It is important that you

A. be standing

there when he gets off the plane. B. are standing C. have stood

D. will be standing

35. After years of research, scholars have finally

B. described

A. subscribed

this anonymous play to Christopher Marlowe. C. ascribed

D. prescribed

Part 2. Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all THREE sentences. (0.5 pt) 36.

The long journey completely


I've already

the prawns, Mum.

The long war had

the resources of both countries.


The teacher said he would not

such rude behavior in his class.

smoking in the hall.

consumers to compare the prices of all telephone providers.

We do not

These websites


It's a very stylish and beautiful film, but it lacks Women are no longer

You've got a whole week to yourself and you can read to your heart's 39.

with staying at home, in the sole role of a housewife.

and listened attentively.

all their assets.

When Lily heard a strange noise upstairs, she suddenly

When the company was going bankrupt, the government



Her hair was

the leftovers from last night's meal in the fridge to keep them from going bad.


They spent years travelling around in a

You may be a little

old van.

but past experience and teaching skills won't have been lost.

Part 3. Give the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the passage. (0.8 pt)

On the outskirts of Vietnam's capital, well removed from the tourist trail, is Dong Ngac, a 1,000-year-old 'village of scholars' that has barely changed for centuries.

Despite being tiny - the village is less than one square meter in size and home to 1,000 or so people, Dong Ngac has birthed an unusually large number of academic high (41. achieve)

including dozens of

doctors of literature. These include Pham Gia Khiem, Vietnam's deputy prime minister from 1997 to 2011, and Hoang Tang Bi, a (42. reverence)

writer and social activist in the early 1900s.

To this day, families here compete fiercely against each other to rear the most (43. stand) pupils. So valued is Dong Ngac for producing influential scholars that it has been presented with dozens of royal awards, dating as far back as Vietnam's Le Dynasty period (1428-1788).

The village's (44. literature)


(46. Scatter)

tradition is even celebrated via its architecture. (45.

of books are carved into the old gates that sit at each end of its four hamlets.

throughout these hamlets are almost 100 homes, the oldest of which date back

to the early 1600s. The complexity of their stonemasonry and woodwork (47. captivating) as one walks through its nest of narrow lanes, being greeted by smiles and waves from residents, who share treats like (48. pipe)

hot lotus tea and Banh Gio rice dumplings, two

of local specialties.

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Part 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following question. (0.1 pt)

49. The security will always be on hand in case of emergency.

A. ready to help

B. able to respond promptly

C. completely busy

D. professional

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following question. (0.1 pt)

50. It's time you pulled your socks up and started working seriously. Your final exams are coming. A. got furious


B. studied harder

C. stayed focus

D. became lazy

Part 1. Read the passage and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. (0.6 pt) We have all heard that good study habits involve sitting somewhere quiet, sticking to a schedule and setting yourself targets. However, such habits don't work for everyone and cognitive scientists have come up with some new findings. In fact, the brain makes (51)

associations between what it is studying and the background sensations it has at the time. (52)

study to one place may therefore have (53)

effects because when the context is varied, the information being studied is enriched and forgetting is slowed down. In (54)

the information is given more support from the multiple associations. Evidence also shows that varying the type of material studied in a single sitting leaves a deeper impression on the brain than does concentrating on one skill at a time. Musicians have known this for years, as have athletes who routinely (55)

strength, speed and skill drills into their workouts. These ideas seem to work when applied to

any subject so it seems time for this (56)

to studying to be taken more seriously.

51. A. thoughtful

B. subtle

52. A. Restricting

53. A. hurtful

B. Modifying B. detrimental

C. sensitive C. Controlling C. misleading

D. influential

D. Enclosing

D. punishing

54. A. honesty

B. force

C. origin

D. effect

55. A. incorporate

B. include

C. comprise

D. unite

56. A. procedure

B. theory

C. concept

D. approach

Part 2. Read the passage carefully and then fill ONE suitable word in each gap. (0.6 pt)

Until now, the word 'travel' has always conjured up visions of packed bags, the open road, and generally the idea of escape. However, an exciting new concept is changing all that. Not (57).

even leaving home.

may you now travel

to another country, but to another 'world', (58) 'Second Life' is an interactive simulated world on the Internet which offers visitors the ultimate form of escapism: the ability to reinvent (59)

and live their dream life. First, you create your persona, called an avatar, and give it a name. Then you start exploring the virtual environment, and choose to interact, or not, (60) the other avatars you meet. For many, the beauty of the avatars is that they can fly. You can travel great distances, gaining a bird's eye view of various 'environments', but the effect is rather surreal. The world changes while you watch, as other more experienced 'gamers' buy and sell property, using for currency the Linden dollar, which has an exchange rate against the US dollar. Never before (61)

a game offered players so many options! You can shop, work, travel and form relationships, go to parties, or hold your own parties if you want to.

'Second Life' is expanding rapidly, as more and more people are (62)

attracted to it, so don't

miss out! Simply allow your PC to transport you there and let your imagination do the rest!

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Part 3. Read the following passage and answer the questions. (0.8 pt)

Islands remote areas are showing the world how sustainable it can be to use renewables for energy needs. A There are many reasons why countries around the world are trying to switch to renewable sources of power such as wind, wave and solar power. First and foremost is the amount of environmental damage caused by fossil fuel use. CO2 emissions from oil and coal powered electricity plants along with oil used in industry, and for transport, are all contributing to climate change, a threat that could have enormous consequences for the majority of populations on the planet. Another issue for remote areas in the world is the cost of transporting fossil fuels. in order for them to be able to generate power. Transporting oil to remote areas and islands is costly and potentially dangerous. For these reasons, renewable sources of energy are very attractive to areas, such as small remote islands, where shipping in fossil fuels is prohibitively expensive and can be affected by the difficulties of getting supplies in by ship because of storms at sea.

B A number of islands around the world have switched to using renewables to meet the majority of their electricity needs and have also committed to becoming 100% self-sufficient in renewable energy in the near future. Islands make good test grounds for the use of renewable sources because they tend to be small, so it is relatively easy to produce enough energy to power an area of that size. Geography also contributes to making these experiments more productive as islands are more likely to be exposed to high winds, have access to waves as well as more days of sunshine. Islands can therefore pioneer the use of a variety of renewables together and give a picture, in microcosm, on how bigger states can follow their lead. The lessons that these smaller areas learn from use of renewables can be passed on to help to make transition to greater use of renewable sources smoother in larger areas, such as urban conurbations.

C One problem with renewables is whether they can be depended on to give unlimited energy. If there's no wind or the sun is behind a cloud then power can't be generated and energy storage technology is still in its infancy. This means that renewables can't always be depended on. And that isn't the only problem with renewable energy sustainability. Power companies need to make money in order to operate and provide energy to populations and businesses. One way renewables have affected power company viability is because governments have given households subsidies for installing solar panels. The subsidies are repaid by selling back excess energy to the power companies, which means that, in effect, those with solar power make no financial contribution to using the electricity grid's infrastructure and this leaves the other customers to pick up the slack with higher prices. But power companies are looking to reduce the price they pay for excess solar power from households so that other customers pay a fairer price and the power company remains competitive as a business.

D One island showing that renewable energy can be viable is the Spanish Canary Island of El Hierro. It is the smallest and most isolated of the Canary Islands and because of the geography of the local seabed, electricity cannot be supplied by underwater cables and shipping in fuel isn't always possible either when Atlantic storm systems are en route. So, to combat the problems caused by depending on one renewable for electricity, Al Heirro has developed a mixed renewable energy system using both wind and hydro to produce most of the island's energy. The system consists of five wind turbines and two water reservoirs. One of the reservoirs is situated at 700 meters above sea level and the second is down on the coast. The reservoirs are connected by two 3 km long pipes that contain hydraulic turbines that also produce energy. Due to the island having a lot of wind, the wind turbines normally produce plenty of electricity to supply the grid and the excess electricity is used to pump water from the lower reservoir to the upper one. When the wind drops, the water from the upper reservoir can be released through the piping so the hydraulic turbines can create energy on windless days. This use of mixed renewables combats the problem caused when one source becomes inoperable because of unfavourable weather.

E Many other islands are developing renewable systems that can be regarded as test runs for similar projects in larger areas. Samso, in Demark is showing how switching to renewables not only means more environmentally friendly, cleaner energy, it can also help with economic regeneration by creating jobs related to the energy Trang 5/8

industry. Kodiak Island in Alaska is another place using a mixed renewable system. It has a back-up battery storage system that cuts in when the grid switches from wind to hydro and this prevents sudden power losses that cause flickering lights or cut-offs. The island of Tilos in Greece is not only working towards one hundred percent self-sufficiency with renewables but looking at using that energy to power motorbikes and vehicles on the islands as well. In short, small islands are showing the path the rest of the world can take to a sustainable energy future.

Questions 63-66

Label the diagram below. Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the text for each answer.

During (65)

periods, water is allowed to flow

back down hill.

Hydro electric plant


turbines produce power

in times of need.

Surplus (63)

is created on windy days.

Wind park

Pumping station

Water from the lower (64)


pumped 700 metres uphill.

Questions 67-70. Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer. 67. Carbon dioxide.......

68. Because of their small size, islands are ideal 69. Households with solar power may not make a still use existing structures.

are a major factor in the creation of climate change.

for the use of renewable sources. ......... to power companies although they

as well as help the environment.

70. Samso has shown how renewable energy can aid


Part 1. Rewrite the following sentences without changing their meaning using the words in the brackets. Do not change the words given. You must use between 2 and 5 words, including the word given. (0.8 pt)

71. The jumper you knitted for her daughter no longer fits her. (grown)

My daughter

72. Minh was very pleased to be selected for the team. (delight)


73. I am dying to visit Santorini. (bucket)

Santorini is

the jumper you knitted for her.

he was selected for the team.

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74. Diane finds that creating things stops her from thinking about her work. (mind)

Diane finds that creating things

her work.

75. The project has been given funding for another year, but there is still difficulty. (woods) The project has been given funding for another year, but it is not


76. He hasn't announced anything, but my take on the situation is that the Prime Minister's going to resign soon. (lines) He hasn't announced anything, but

Prime Minister's going to resign soon.

77. Fans were anxious waiting for the final whistle. (breath)


78. I promise that your money is safe with me. (word)

I give

I'd say that the

waiting for the final whistle.

that your money is safe with me.

Part 2. Rewrite each of the following sentences beginning the word given in bold so that it has the same meaning as the original one. (0.7 pt)

79. The light went out the moment they stepped into the room.


80. I didn't visit you because I didn't know you were in hospital. If I

81. It seems that no one predicted the correct result.

No one

82. The electrician has mended my broken light.

I have

83. We weren't surprised by his success..

It came

84. Despite his anger, he apologized to his friend for shouting.

No matter how

85. The house was too expensive for them to buy.

It was

Part 3. Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic. (1.5 pts)

"It is said that self-study is very important for secondary school students". Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

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