Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 lần thứ XXI TP Hồ Chí Minh năm 2015 Môn Tiếng Anh 11 – (ĐỀ THI + ĐÁP ÁN CHÍNH THỨC)

     "Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 lần thứ XXI TP Hồ Chí Minh năm 2015 Môn Tiếng Anh 11 - ĐỀ THI + ĐÁP ÁN CHÍNH THỨC", có thể tải xuống file PDF tại website Tài liệu diệu kỳ - một trang web chia sẻ kiến thức và tài liệu Tiếng Anh. Bài viết giới thiệu tài liệu này sẽ cung cấp thông tin về nội dung và giá trị của đề thi và đáp án chính thức, cũng như tập trung vào đối tượng học sinh giỏi Tiếng Anh THPT, đặc biệt là HSG THPT lớp 12 cấp tỉnh/TP và phân loại học sinh tốt. Bài viết cũng sẽ giới thiệu các tài liệu học tập khác có thể tham khảo thêm trên website Tài liệu diệu kỳ.

     Về nội dung, tài liệu này cung cấp cho các học sinh có nhu cầu luyện tập và chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống 30 tháng 4 lần thứ XXI TP Hồ Chí Minh năm 2015 môn Tiếng Anh 11, đề thi chính thức và đáp án. Bằng cách sử dụng tài liệu này, học sinh có thể nâng cao kỹ năng và kiến thức của mình trong lĩnh vực Tiếng Anh, đặc biệt là trong việc giải các bài tập và đề thi khó. Tài liệu này đặc biệt phù hợp cho học sinh giỏi Tiếng Anh THPT, đặc biệt là HSG THPT lớp 12 cấp tỉnh/TP. Với việc giải các bài tập và đề thi có độ khó cao, tài liệu sẽ giúp các học sinh giỏi Tiếng Anh THPT có thể nâng cao trình độ của mình, chuẩn bị tốt hơn cho các kỳ thi quan trọng.

     Ngoài ra, website Tài liệu diệu kỳ cũng cung cấp các tài liệu học tập khác có thể tham khảo thêm cho các học sinh, bao gồm tài liệu học Tiếng Anh cơ bản và nâng cao, luyện thi TOEIC, TOEFL, IELTS, SAT, GRE, GMAT và nhiều loại tài liệu khác.

    Từ khóa: Tài liệu diệu kỳ; Kỳ thi Olympic truyền thống; đề thi và đáp án chính thức; Tiếng Anh 11; học sinh giỏi Tiếng Anh THPT.

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LỚP 11 ĐÊ THI CHÍNH THỨC Thời gian làm bài : 180 phút Lưu ý : fìề thi này có 8 trang. ❖ Thí sinh tàm phần trắc nghiệm (MULTIPLE CHOICE) trên phiếu trả lời trắc nghiệm và phần tự luận (WRITTEN TEST) trên phiếu trả lời tự luận. ❖ Trên phiếu trả lời trẳc nghiệm, th í sinh tô thêm 2 số 00 vào trước sổ báo danh (bằng bút chì). ❖ Phần mã đề thi trên phiếu trắc nghiệm, thí sinh tô vào ô 001. A. MULTIPLE CHOICE (40 PTS) I. PH O N O LO G Y (5PTS) Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others. 1. A. absinthe B.soothe c. loathe D. wreathe 2. A. abstemious B. apotheosis c. abrogate D. apartheid 3. A. assessment B. passage c. passionate D., pessimism 4. A. exhilarate B. pharaoh c. diarrhea D. hauteur 5. A. doubt B. thumb c. subtle D. absorb Choose the word which is stressed differently from the other three. 6. A. unaccented B. unadjusted c. unarguable D. unbearable 7. A. consortium B. consummate c. operatorship D. cowardice 8. A. discrepancy B. convivial c. gimmickry D. irrevocable 9. A. renaissance B. remonstrate c. rendezvous D. relevance 10. A. orchestrating B. bedevilment c. interchanges D. poignancy II. WORD CHOICE (5 PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences. 11. Poor management brought the company to the -___o f collapse. A. brink B, rim c . fringe D. brim 12. My brother takes a(n )______ view of getting a good job. A. low B. opposing c . dim Đ. gloomy 13. It is public knowledge that new magazines often use free gifts or other to get people to buy them. A. gimmicks B. snares c . plots D. scams 14. When his manager went on a business trip, Mario stepped into th e ___ and chaired the meeting. A. hole B. breach c . pool D. crack 15. The storm ripped our tent to ____ A. slices B. shreds c . strips D. specks 272 f 16. After the concert, everyone had t o _____ home through the thick snow. A. trudge B. tread c. trace D. trickle 17. If you have a minor illness, it’s usually better just to let the nature take its___. A. time B. path c. way \ . D. course 18. After their catastrophic defeat, th e ______ of the army made their way back to their mountain strongholds. A. survivors B. remnants c. wounded D. deserters 19. Don’t take it a s ______ that you’ll be promoted in your job; other colleagues stand a good chance too. A. fixed B. standard , c . read D. word 20. In time-honoured - the chairman offered a toast to the shop-floor workers. A. protocol B. path c . fashion D. procedure III. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES (5PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences. 21 . _____ , we missed our plane. A. The train is late . Ẹ. The train was late c . To be late Đ. The train being late 22. The climate in Sapa is much colder______ of Hanoi. A. than it B. than c . than that D. than this 23 . _______ around stones that are sunwarmed, even the smallest of stones creates tiny currents of warm air. A. The cool air B. If the air is cool c . That the air cools D. The cooler the air 24. They turned down the proposal______ th a t it didn’t fulfill their requirement. A. by reason B. on the grounds c . as a cause D. allowing 25. We all decreed th a t______ . A. there be an end to their quarrel B. their quarrel should put an end to c . they ended their quarrel then D. their quarrel be coming to an end. 26. I have never seen . before. I A. such good film B. so good film c . so good a film D. such good a film 27. “Is Dennis buying a house?” / “Yes. ' he’s earning more money now, he can afford one.” A. For B. Due to c . Since D. Because of 28. D ow n_____________for three days. ’ A. the rain poured B. poured the rain c . did the rain pour D. does the rain pour 29 . _____ that took American art out of the romanticism of the mid-1800’s and carried it to the most powerful heights of realism. A. Winslow Homers’ paintings B. It was Winslow Homers’ paintings c . When Winslow Homers’ paintings D. Paintings o f Winslow Homers’ 30. Such_______ that we all felt numb. A. a cold weather was it B. was a cold weather c . cold was the weather D. was cold weather 273

IV. PHRASAL VERBS AND PREPO SITIO N S (5 PTS) 31. The children showed no anim osity______ her step mother. A. over B. up c . towards D. with 32. When the Chairman ran off with his secretary, the Board tried to _____ the matter. A. switch off B. hush up c. calm down D. tuck away 33. I m uddled______ the jigsaw pieces and the children did the puzzle again. A. up B. off Cl over D. for 34. She played______ the fact that I’d enjoyed studying Shakespeare at school and suggested that I audition for a part. A. off B. over c . by D. up 35. If yờu don’t switch the lights off for the day, you risk running battery before the end of the day. A. out B. off c . down D. through 36. The crowd a ll______ towards to stadium as the time for kick off drew closer. A. gravitated B. entered c . embarked D. aspired 37. One of the most disappointing things in life is to b e ______ by a friend when you truly need his/her support. A, stood for B. backed out c . let down D. marked up 38. Two o f the students in our class are identical twins and most of the teachers cannot_______ . A. see between them B. tell them apart c. see them through D. find them between 39. There’s nơ point in d oing __________ the old regulations if you’re going to introduce equally stupid new ones. A. up with B. away with c . down against D. up against 40. I really cannot believe that anyone w ould______ to such underhand tactics. A. dabble B. stoop c . reach D. conceive V. GUIDED C LO ZE (10 PTS) Read the texts below and decide which answer best fits each space. Passage 1: RAISING AWARENESS In cities around the world a wide range of schemes is being instigated to promote environmental awareness. 'It's just as easy to (41) _____ of litter properly as it is to drop it on the streets,' says city councilor Mike Edwards, who has (4 2 )_____ on the governmenfto mount a concerted campaign to deal with the problem of litter. 'It's just a matter of encouraging people to do so as a (43) _____ of course. Once the habit is ingrained, they won't even (4 4 )______ they are doing it. After all, think what we have achieved with recyclable waste in the home. Sorting paper, glass, aluminium and plastic waste and then depositing it in the appropriate container outside is (45) _____a great chore any more. People have become accustomed to doing this, so it doesn't (4 6 )_____ to them that they are spending any additional time in the process. Only if they have to carry this waste for some appreciable distance to find a suitable container do they feel they arc (47)..... ....... 274 Most people know they should behave in a responsible way and just need (48) ____to do so. So a quirky, (49)___ gimmick might be enough to change behaviour. With this in (50) _____ , the city of Berlin is introducing rubbish bins that say 'danke', 'thank you1 and 'merci' — Berlin is a cosmopolitan city — when someone drops an item of rubbish into them. It might just do the trick in this city, too. 41. A. dispose B. discard c. jettison D. throw 42. A. appealed B. called c. approached D. urged 43. A. principle B. system c. matter D. duty 44. A. notice B. remark c. comprehend D. appreciate 45. A. almost B. barely , • c. virtually D. hardly 46. A. concern B. occur c. impress D. strike 47. A. inconvenienced B. sacrificed c. complicated D. imposed 48. A. ordering B. prompting c. forcing D. obliging 49. A. lighthearted B. mundane c. subjective D. intense 50. A. context B. thought c. spirit D. mind Passage 2: SOUND ADVICE FOR LANGUAGE LEARNERS A recent issue o f a language learning magazine has consulted a number of experts in the (51)______ o f second language acquisition. Their advice may prove invaluable for those (5 2 )______ a language course. One suggestion is that you (5 3 )______ whether you are likely to be successful-at learning a language. Did you enjoy studying languages at school, for example? Do you have enough time to learn a language? The major (54)_____ _ will be your own time and effort. If proof o f your level of proficiency is important you must make sure that the course on offer leads to a (5 5 )______ qualification. Also, be realistic in your (56) _ If you don't set achievable aims you are more likely to give up. Do not be deceived (57) • thinking that the most expensive courses are the 1 best. (5 8 )______ around to get the best possible value for money. You should also bear in mind that the quicker you learn a language the more quickly you forget it. Sandra Miller, a French teacher, tried to teach herself German by enrolling on a (5 9 )_____ _ course. Already fluent in four languages and with a sound knowledge o f teaching methodology her chances of (6 0 )______ progress \\ere high.

Three years on she remembers very little. She feels her biggest mistake was not to follow up her first experience. "I should have consolidated what I'd learn by continuing to study, even if it were by myself." 51. A. domain B. branch c. field D. area 52. A. wondering B. thinking c. looking D. considering 53. A. assess B. review c. balance D.survey 5 4 .A. change B. cost c. price D. evaluation 55. A. recognized B. understood c. valued D. regarded 56. A. sights B .ends c . objects D. goals 57. A by B.about c. into D. in 58. A. Nose B. Push c. Run D .Shop 59. A. rapid B. crash c. quick D. fast 60. A. achieving B. doing c, gaining ' D. making 275 VI. READING PASSAGE (10 PTS) Read the texts below and choose the best answer to each question. Passage 1: Line 10 15 20 25 30 Life originated in the early seas less than a billion years after the Earth was formed. Yet another three billion years were to pass before the first plants and animals appeared on the continents. Life’s transition from the sea to the land was perhaps as much o f an evolutionary challenge as was the genesis of life. What forms o f life were able to make such a drastic change in lifestyle? The traditional view of the first terrestrial organisms is based on megafossils-relatively large specimens of essentially whole plants and animals. Vascular plants, related to modern seed plants and ferns, left the first comprehensive megafossil record. Because o f this, it has been commonly assumed that the sequence of terrestrialization reflected the evolution of modern terrestrial ecosystems. In this view, primitive vascular plants first colonized the margins o f continental waters, followed by animals that feed-on the plants, and lastly by animals that preyed on the plant-eaters. Moreover, the megafossils suggest that terrestrial life appeared and diversified explosively near the boundary between the Silurian and the Devonian periods, a little more than 400 million years ago.

Recently, however, paleontologists have been taking a closer look.át the sediments below this Silurian-Devonian geological boundary. It turns out that some fossils can be extracted from these sediments by putting the rocks in an acid bath. The technique has uncovered new evidence form sediments that were deposited near the shores of the ancient oceans- plant microfossils and microscopic pieces o f small animals. In many instances the specimens are less than one-tenth of a millimeter in diameter. Although they were entombed in the rocks for hundreds, of millions o f years, many o f them fossils consist o f the organic remains of the organism. These newly discovered fossils have not only revealed the existence of previously unknown organisms, but have also pushed back these dates for the invasion of land by multicellular organisms. Our views about the nature of the early plant and animal communities are now being revised. And with those revisions come new speculations aboilt the first terrestrial life-forms. 61. The word “drastic” in line 6 is closest in meaning to 7 A. widespread B. radical c . progressive D. risky 62. According to the theory that the author calls “the traditional view,” what was the first form of life to appear on land? A. Bacteria B. Meat-eating animals c. Plant-eating animals D. Vascular plants 63. According to the passage, what happened about 400 million years ago? A. Many terrestrial life-forms died out B. New life-forms on land developed at a rapid rate 276 ▼ c . The megafossils were destroyed by floods. D. Life began to develop in the ancient seas. ( 64. In what order did the organisms first appear on earth? A. vascular plants, plant-eating animals, carnivores B. carnivores, plant-eaters, megafossils c . mega fossils, prey hunters, plant-eaters I D. seed plants, ferns, megafossils ' 65. What can be inferred from the passage about the fossils mentioned in lines 17-20? / A. They have not been helpful in understanding the evolution of terrestrial life. B. They were found in approximately the same numbers as vascular plant fossils, c . They are older than the mega fossils. D. They consist of modern life-forms. 66. What is the following paragraph likely to discuss? A. the existence o f previously unknown organisms ,B. the revision of human views on the nature of early plant and animal communities ' c . comparison and contrast between the first terrestrial life forms and newly discovered fossils D. what the first terrestrial life forms might have been 67. The word ‘‘they” in line 25 refers to ______. a ! rocks B. shores c . oceans. D. specimens 68. The word “entom bed’' in line 25 is closest in meaning to _____ A. crushed B. trapped c . produced D. excavated 69. Which of the following resulted from the discovery of microscopic fossils? A. The time estimate for the first appearance of terrestrial life-forms was revised. B. Old techniques for analyzing fossils were found to have new uses, c . The origins of primitive sea life were explained. D. Assumptions about the locations of ancient seas were changed. 70. With which of the following conclusions would the author probably agree? A. The evolution of terrestrial life was as complicated as the origin of life itself. B. The discovery o f microfossils supports the traditional view of how terrestrial life evolved. c . New species have appeared at the same rate over the course of the last 400 million years. D. The technology used by paleontologists is too primitive to make accurate determinations about ages of fossils. Passage 2: In the city, we are barraged with images o f the people we might become. Identity is-presented as plastic, a matter of possessions and appearances; and a very large proportion of the urban landscape is taken up by slogans, advertisements, flatly photographed images of folk heroes - the man who turned into a sophisticated dandy overnight by drinking ạ particular brand o f drink, the girl who transformed herself into a femme fatale wịth a squirt of cheap scent. 277 The tone of the wording of these advertisements is usually pert and facetious comically drowning in its own hyperbole. But the pictures are brutally exact: they reproduce every detail of a style of life, down to the brand of cigarettelighter, the stone in the ring, and the economic row of books on the shelf. Even in the business of the mass-production o f images of identity, this shift from the general to the diverse and particular is quite recent. Consider another line of stills: the back-lit, sofit-focus portraits of the first and second generations of great movie stars. There is a degree of romantic unparticularity in the face of each one, as if they were communal dream-projections o f society at large.

Only in the specialized genres of westerns, farces and gangster movies were stars allowed to have odd, knobbly cadaverous faces. The hero as loner belonged to history or the underworld: he spoke from the perimeter o f society, reminding us of its dangerous edges. The stars of the last decade have looked quite different. Soft-focus photography has gone, to be replaced by a style which searches out warts and bumps, emphasizes the uniqueness not the generality of the face. Voices, too, are strenuously idiosyncratic; whines, stammers and low rumbles are exploited as features of “star quality”. Instead of romantic heroes and heroines, we have a brutalist, hardedged style in which isolation and egotism are assumed as natural social conditions. In the movies, as in the city, the sense of stable hierarchy has become increasingly exhausted; we no longer live in a world where we can all share the same values, the same heroes. (It is doubtful whether this world, so beloved of nostalgia moralists, ever existed; but lip-service was paid t it, the pretence, at least, was kept up.) The isolate and the eccentric push towards the centre of the stage; their fashions and mannerisms are presented as having as good a claim to the limelight and the future as those of anyone else. In the crowd on the underground platform, one may observe a honeycomb of fully-worked-out worlds, each private, exclusive, bearing little comparison with its nearest neighbor. What is prized in one is despised in another. There are no clear rules about how one is supposed to manage one’s body, dress, talk, or think. Though there are elaborate protocols and etiquettes among particular cults and groups within the city, they subscribe to no common standard. For the new arrival, this disordered abundance is the city’s most evident and alarming quality. He feels as if he has parachuted into a funfair of contradictory imperatives. There are so many people he might become, and a suit o f clothes, a make o f car, a brand of cigarettes, will go some way towards turning him into a personage even before he has discovered who that personage is. Personal identity has always been deeply rooted in property, but hitherto the relationship has been a simple one - a question of buying what you could afford, and leaving your wealth to announce yo.ur status. In the modern city, there are so many things to buy, such a quantity of different kinds o f status, that the choice and its attendant anxieties have created a new pornography o f taste. The leisure pages of the Sunday newspapers, fashion magazines, TV plays, popular novels, cookbooks, window displays all nag at the nerve of our 278 uncertainty and snobbery. Should we like American cars, hard-rock hamburger joints* Bauhaus chairs...? Literature and art are promoted as personal accessories: the paintings of Mondrian or the novels of Samuel Beckett “go” with certain styles like matching handbags. There is in the city a creeping imperialism of taste, in which more and more commodities are made over to being mere expressions of personal identity. The piece of furniture, the pair of shoes, the book, the film, are important not so much in themselves but for what they communicate about their owners; and ownership is stretched to include what one likes or believes in as well as what one can/buy. 71. What does the writer say about advertisements ifi the first paragraph? A. certain kinds are considered more effective in cities than others. B. the way in'which some of them are worded is cleverer than it might appear, c. they often depict people that most other people would not care to be like. D. the pictures in them accurately reflect the way that some people really live. 72. What does a femme fatale refer to? A. a potential good wife B. an attractive woman who may bring unhappiness to men. c . a gorgeous woman who realizes most men’s dream. D. a beautiful woman who spends her time enjoying herself. 73. The word “facetious” is closest in meaning to A. impudent B flippant c . complacent.. D. prevalent 74. The writer says that if you look at a line of advertisements on a tube train, it is clear that A. city dwellers have very diverse ideas about what image they would like to have. B. some images in advertisements have a general appeal that others lack. c. city dwellers are more influenced by images on advertisements than other people are. D. some images are intended to be representative o f everyone’s aspirations. 75. What does the writer imply about portraits of old movie stars? A. they tried to disguise the less attractive features of their subjects. B. most people did not think they were accurate representations of the stars in them, c . they made people feel that their own faces were rather unattractive. D. they reflected an era in which people felt basically safe. 76. What does the writer suggest about the stars of the last decade? A. some o f them may be uncomfortable about the way they come across. B. they make an effort to speak in a way that jjiay not be pleasant on the ear. c . they make people wonder whether they should become more selfish. D. most people accept that they are not typical of society as a whole.

77. The writer uses the crowd on an underground platform to exemplify his belief that A. no single attitude to life is more common than another in a city. B. no one in a city has strict attitudes towards the behavior o f others, c . views of what society was like in the past are often accurate. D. people in cities would like to have more in common with each other. 279 78. The writer implies that new arrivals in a city may A. change the image they wish to have too frequently. B. underestimate the importance of wealth, c . acquire a certain image without understanding what that involves. D. decide that status is of little importance. 79. The novels of Samuel Beckett is an example of A. what is wanted by the majority in the society. B. literature works of high artistic value. c . classic literature works that make their owners feel superior to other people. D. possessions that show owners’ identity. 80. What point does the writer make about city dwellers in the final paragraph? A. they are unsure as to why certain things are popular with others. B. they are aware that judgments are made about them according to what they buy. c. they want to acquire more and more possessions. D. they are keen to be the first to appreciate new styles. B. WRITTEN TEST (70 PTS) I.

CLOZE TEST (20 PTS) Read the texts below and think of the word which best fits each spacc. Use only ONE WORD for each spacc. Passage 1 THE VIDEO LOGGERS One rather unlikely word that has recently (1 )_____________ the language is 'blog', a shortened form of'w eb log'. A blog is a diary posted on the Internet by the person writing it - the 'blogger’ — who presumably expects other people to read it. It is ironical that modern technology is being used to (2) ____________ new life into such an old-fashioned form as the personal journal. And now, as the technology behind video cameras is making them easier to use, we have the video log, or 'vlog'. Vlogging does not require ( 3 )_____________ sophisticated equipment: a digital video camera, a high-speed Internet connection and a host are all that is needed. Vlogệers can put anything that (4) ;_____________their fancy onto their personal web site. Some vloggers have no ambitions (5 )______ than to show films they have shot while on holiday in exotic places. However, vlogs can also serve more ambitious ( 6 ) _______________For instance, amateur film-makers who want to make a ( 7 ) _______________for themselves might publish their work on the Internet, eager to receive advice or criticism. And increasingly, vlogs are being used to publicize political and social issues that are not newsworthy enough to warrant ( 8 ) _____________ by the mass media. It is still too early to predict whether vlogging will ever ( 9 ) __^___________off in a major way or if it is just a (1 0 )_____________ fad, but its potential is only now becoming apparent. 280 LETTER TO I HE ED ITO R The Prime Minister’s (11) _____________ yesterday on education spending miss the point, as the secondary education system also needs a major overhaul. Firstly, the system only views the weakest learner as hating special needs. The brightest and most conscientious students are not encouraged to develop to their (12) ________ potential. Secondly, there’s too much testing and not enough learning. My fifteen-year-old daughter, for example, has just spent the first month or ( 1 3 ) _____________ cramming for ex,ams. These aren’t even real, important exams, as her GCSEs will be next year. They’re just (14) ________ exams. Is the work she’s been doing really going to make her more knowledgeable about her subjects, or will she forget it (15) ____ ________ tomorrow? I suspect the (16)_____________ . Thirdly, the standard curriculum doesn’t (17) _____ students any tuition in developing practical work-related, living and social skills, or in skills necessary for higher education. How many students' entering university have the first idea what the difference is between plagiarizing someone else’s work and making good ( 1 8 )_____________ of someone else’s ideas? Shouldn’t they have been taught this at school? How many of them are really able to (19) ^ ______ about self-study - a skill that’s essential at university because there are no teachers to tell you what to do - in an efficient way? Indeed, how many students graduate from university totally (2 0 )______________ to spell even simple English words correctly? The system is letting our children down. II. W ORD FO RM A TIO N : (20PTS) PART 1: Complete each sentence, using the correct form of the word in parentheses. 1. I’m afraid that the hospital is desperately________ at the moment. (STAFF) 2. Private school feared losing i t s ________________________________________ .__ wsystem. (CREDIT) 3. He gave me a good____________ for forgetting the meeting. (TELL) 4. I think my last statem ent___ _________ the situation pretty well - at least, I can’t think of any better surainary. (CAPSULE) 5. When the lab findings and the results w ere_____________ , an amazing discovery came to light. (RELATE) 6. The small country is faced w ith __________ debt. (MOUNT)

7. Zimbabwe is a _____________country; so much of its trade depends on having access to ports in Mozambique. (LAND) 8. The two pairs o f twins make a pleasant____________ during the game of golf. (FOUR) 9. You’ll never talk him into going swimming because he suffers from . (PĨIO BÌC) 10. She bought so m e_________________coffee as she cannot stand caffeine. (CAFFEINE) . . \ Passage 2: 281 PART 2: Complete the passage with appropriate forms from the words given in the box. enter construct text conduce dialect universe whole structure synthesis form ality The arguments around reading pooled into two different classroom methodologies: (11) and behaviorism. The constructivist methodology grew from a (1 2 )_____________ conception of knowledge creation that understood reading and writing to be innate, humanistic, and interpretative practices that suffered when they were Spliced and (13) _____________ within rigid doctrines, strict rules, and universal skill-sets. Constructivists associate words with meanings; each word might be thought of as a Chinese ideogram. Students are encouraged to learn individual words and skip over and guess words they do not understand, or learn to interpret those words by situating them within the lexical (14) __________ _ of the sentence and the story’s wider narrative. These practices materialize as learning processes centered on guided group reading and independent reading of high-quality, culturally diverse literature or textual composition that emphasizes pupils conveying their own thoughts and feelings for real purposes such as letters for pen pals or journal (1 5 )_____________ . Behaviorism sees the pedagogical process in a less (16)_____________ fashion - words are initially taught not lexically, as vehicles to convey meaning, but rather sub-lexically, as a combination of features that can be separated and learned in a schematic process. The behaviorist approach does not focus on words at all in the early stages of learning. Rather, it is centered on a (17) ______ applicable method of teaching students to isolate graphemes and phonemes with the intention that students will eventually learn to (18)________ these individual parts and make sense of spoken words (1 9 )_____________ . In this way, individual components are not equated with the strokes of a brush on a Chinese ideogram, but rather as the focal pieces of interpretation - as in, for example, learning to read musical notations or Morse Code. Because of its emphasis on universal rules, behaviorism is much more (2 0 )_____________ to formal examination and the consolidation of results across regions and countries. The ability to master language is considered to rest in the acquisition of a set of skills that exist independently of individuals. Classroom learning is, therefore, based upon the transmission of knowledge from tutor to student, rather than seen as an internalized process that erupts within the students themselves. III. ERROR

CORRECTION: (10PTS) The following passage contains 10 errors. Identify and correct them. Line We are descendents of the ice age. Periods of glaciation have extended the whole of human existence for the past 2 million years. The rapid melting of the continental glaciers at the end of the last ice age spurred one of the most dramatic climate changes in the history of the planet. During this 5 interglacial time, people caught up in a cataclysm of human accomplishment, including the development of agriculture and animal husbandry. Over the 282 past few thousands years, the Earth’s climate has been extraordinarily beneficial, and humans have been prospered exceedingly well under a benign atmosphere. 10 Ice ages have dramatically affected life on Earth mostly from the very beginning. It is even possible that life itself has significantly changed the climate. All living organisms pull carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and eventually store it in sedimentary rocks within the Earth’s crust. If too much carbon dioxide is lost, too much heat escapes out into the atmosphere, 15 thus causes the Earth to cool enough for glacial ice to spread across the land. In general the reduction of the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been equalized by input of carbon dioxide from such events as volcanic eruptions. Man, however, is upsetting the equation by burning fossil fuels and destroying tropical rain forests, all of which release stored carbon dioxide. This 20 energizes the greenhouse effect and causes the Earth to warm. If the warming is significantly enough, the polar ice caps eventually melt. The polar ice caps drive the atmospheric and oceanic circulation systems. Should the ice caps melt, warm tropical waters could circle around the globe and make this a very warm, inhospitable planet.

IV. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION: (20 PTS) Rewrite the following sentences using the words given. 1. “There’s no point in writing it all out in longhand-'if you can use a typewriter, isn’t there?” She d issu ad ed '_____________ _____ _________________________________ 2. If the weather is fine, we may go camping at the weekend. Weather _J______ __________ _________________________________________ 3. Sally distrusts modem technology strongly. Sally h a s______ ______ ______________________________ ______________ 4. When faced with a fierce opponent, even the most skilled swordsmen must be careful. In the _________ ___ ________________________ has to be careful. 5. Do you think we can stew this kind of meat? (LEND) 6. The group, considered to be One o f the funniest in Canada, performed so well that its audiences laughed a lot at last night’s concert. (ROLLING) A s ____________________ ■ ___________ _________________ ■_______ 7. We can’t possibly imagine how we are going to Ểfford a new car. (REMOTEST) We _________ ;__________________________. ■■ ___________________ _ 8. He may be inexperienced but he makes up for it by being enthusiastic. (LACKS) What ____________________________________ ;_______________________ 9. There don’t seem to be many talented athletes at the moment. (PAUCITY) We seem to be suffering _____ _________ ____________________________ 10. Normally, the money is released within about three months. (COURSE) In \ 283

P h ầ n II---------------------------------------------------------- -------- ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI OLYMPIC TRUYEN THốNG 3 0 /4 LẦN THỨ XXI - NẮM 2 0 1 5 LỠP1Ũ ĐÊ THI CHÍNH THỨCI A. MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. D 2. A 3. c 4. D 5. c 6. c 7. c 8. A 9. D ’ 10. A 11. B 12. A 13.c 14. B 15. B 16. D 17. c 18. D 19. B 20. c 21. B 22. D 23. D 24. c 25. A 26. B 27. A 28. A 29. c 30. D 31. A 32. D 33. B 34. c 35. c 36. D 37. A 38. B 39. B 40. B 41. A 42. c 43. B 44. B 45. A ,46. c 47. D 48. D 49. c 50. D 51. D 52. B 53. B 54. A 55. Đ 56. B 57. c 58. A 59. c 60. B 61. c 62. D 63. c' 64. B 65. B 66. D 67. A 68. A 69. B 70. c 71. D 72. D 73. c 74. A 75. A 76. D 77. B 78. A 79. B 80. c B. WRITTEN TEST I. C LO ZE TEST OPEN CLOZE 1 I. on 2. expression 6. traits 7. raises/poses 8. into OPEN CLOZE 2 I I, involving 12.it 16. nerve 17. elderly II. W ORD FO RM A TIO N PART 1: 3. well 13. or 18. process 4. lies/consists 5. what 9. hardly 14. to 19. which I. go-ahead 5. preparedness 9. maladjusted PART 2: II. commentators 15. instrumentally 19. non-tourist III. ER R O R C O R R EC TIO N 2. incapacitated 6. irrefutable 10. self-knowledge 12. presupposes 16. substantial 20. reinforce 3. defame 7. expressionless 13. concept 17. fantasy 10. Quite 15. driving 20. leads 4. officiating 8. patronage 14. regularized 18. customarily Line E rro r Line E rro r 2 as -» such 9 outlay —> layout 4 had been -» has been 12 products —> product 4 their —> its 13 Giving —> To give 7 "is cleverly » is a cleverly ... 14 additive —» additional 8 for (population) -> to (population) 18 diversely —> diverse 514 " IV. SENTENCE TRANSFORM A TION n 1. Mr. Foster asked me to write this letter to you. —> It is at Mr. Foster’s request that I am writing this letter to you. 2. The only thing that prevented the passing of the bill was the death of Prime Minister. —> Were it not to have been fo r the death o f the Prime Minister, the bill would have been passed/got through. 3. Jane persuaded the others to agree with her point/of view. —> Jane brought the others around/round to her point o f view. *

4. The inhabitants were far worse-off twenty years ago than they are now. -» The inhabitants are nowhere near as badly-off as they were twenty years ago. 5. They designed the stadium to make hooliganism impossible. (SUCH) —> The stadium was designed in such a 'way (as) to stam p/ rule/iron out hooliganism. 6. My friend took no notice of my advice. (DEAF) —» My frien d turned a deaf ear to my advice. 7. He didn’t think much o f the musical show jjestfcrday. (OPINION) —> He had a low opinion o f the musical show yesterday. 8. He was finally able to adjust himself to the new working condition. (SWING) —> He finally got into the swing o f the new working condition. 9. Some airlines cheat people by charging them too much for tickets. (RIP) -> Some airlines rip people o ff by charging them too much fo r tickets. I 10. They believe that the hotel was quite near the beach. (THROW) I —> The hotel is believed to have been just a stone’s throw from /away from f the beach. TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYẾN LẼ THẢNH TỒNG - QUẢNG NAM A. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS I. PHONOLOGY I.C 2. D 3. A 4. A 5,.D 6. A 7. A 8. c 9. D 10. B II. WORD CHOICE l.B 2. c 3. B 4. A 5 . A 6. B 7. B 8. c 9. A 10.D III. STRU CTU RE AND GRAM M AR *- ■ . l.c 2. c 3. B 4. c 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. A .9. B 10. D IV. PREPO SITIO N S AND PHRASAL VERBS l.B 2. c 3. c 4. B 5. B 6. D 7. c 8. B 9. D 10. D r V. READING CO M PREH EN SIO N ' Passage 1 : 1. A 2. D 3. c 4. F 5. E 6. F 7. E 8. B 9. D 10. D 515