Tài liệu "Đề thi thử đội tuyển HSGQG tháng 1 - 2022 Môn thi Tiếng Anh - Sở Giáo dục & Đào tạo tỉnh Lào Cai" là tài liệu hữu ích cho các bạn học sinh lớp 12 đang chuẩn bị ôn luyện cho Kỳ thi HSG Quốc gia THPT năm 2024. Tài liệu bao gồm nhiều đề thi thử Tiếng Anh có đầy đủ đáp án và giải thích chi tiết, giúp các bạn rèn luyện và củng cố kiến thức Tiếng Anh một cách hiệu quả.

     Tài liệu có thể tải xuống dưới dạng file PDF tại website Tài liệu diệu kỳ - một trang web chia sẻ kiến thức và tài liệu Tiếng Anh đa dạng và chất lượng. Bên cạnh đó, các bạn còn có thể tham khảo thêm nhiều tài liệu hữu ích khác để nâng cao kỹ năng Tiếng Anh của mình.


Trích dẫn nội dung "ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐỘI TUYỂN HSGQG THÁNG 1 – 2022 Môn thi Tiếng Anh – SỞ GIÁO DỤC & ĐÀO TẠO TỈNH LÀO CAI":



(Đề thi gồm 15 trang)


Môn thi: Tiếng Anh 

Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút 

(không kể thời gian giao đề)



Điểm bài thi

Giám khảo 1

(Kí, ghi rõ họ tên)

Giám khảo 2

(Kí, ghi rõ họ tên)

Số phách

(Do chủ tịch HĐ  chấm thi ghi)

Bằng số

Bằng chữ

Bài viết:









Bài nói:





∙ Thí sinh không được sử dụng tài liệu, kể cả từ điển.

∙ Giám thị không giải thích gì thêm.

I. LISTENING (5.0 points)


∙ Bài nghe gồm 4 phần; mỗi phần được nghe 2 lần, mỗi lần cách nhau 05 giây; mở đầu và kết thúc mỗi  phần nghe có tín hiệu. Thí sinh có 20 giây để đọc mỗi phần câu hỏi.

∙ Mở đầu và kết thúc bài nghe có tín hiệu nhạc. 

∙ Mọi hướng dẫn cho thí sinh (bằng tiếng Anh) đã có trong bài nghe.

Part 1: For questions 1-5, listen to a discussion with Jared Madfes – a tribe capital partner about  cryptocurrencies and decide whether the following statements are TRUE (T), FALSE (F) or NOT  GIVEN (NG). (1.0 pt)

1. The amount of money poured into crypto startups this year is three times as much as that of last year.  2. Jared Madfes thinks that many investors show their interests in crypto partly because they’ve realized it  matters. 

3. Some critics say that the “talent wars” between crypto and big tech companies are becoming intensifying. 4. Jared Madfes believes that they try to focus on the crypto assets that have more long-term value.  5. According to Jared Madfes, his company has decided a list of specific crypto assets to be bullish on.  Your answers: 









Part 2: For questions 6-10, listen to a podcast about thyroid and answer the following questions with  NO MORE THAN FIVE WORDS for each question. (1.0 pt)

6. To whom or to what does the speaker compare the thyroid’s role?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. What does the thyroid use to send out messages to the cells in the body?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. As a high-ranking organ, what does the thyroid consist of?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. What organ in the brain can instruct the thyroid when to send out its messengers?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. Apart from weight gain, sensitivity to cold, feeling low, what are the other two symptoms of hypothyroidism? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 Trang 1/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Your answers:











Part 3: You will hear a discussion in which two people, Anne Doherty and Brian Johnson, talk about  gender equality in the workplace. For questions 11-15, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which fits  best according to what you hear. (1.0 pt)

11. What does Anne say about the gender pay gap in the UK?

A. It depends primarily on age.

B. Figures suggest the Equal Pay Act has failed completely.

C. Attempts to close it have ground to a halt. 

D. Women will never achieve equality.

12. What does Brian think of the independent report he mentions? 

A. It overestimates women's abilities. B. It undermines male authority.

C. It is based on false assumptions. D. It is misdirected.

13. According to Anne, why are women prevented from participating in the decision-making process? A. Many companies just pay lip service to the need for more women in boardrooms. B. Women do not pursue their goals vigorously enough.

C. The majority of companies refuse to take women seriously.

D. Men think women pay more attention to their appearance than to their work.

14. Brian believes that a move towards gender equality is only possible when ________ A. economic problems have been solved satisfactorily.

B. women occupy positions in the corridors of power.

C. there is solid proof of women's capabilities.

D. a new approach to pay grades is adopted.

15. Anne says that in countries with increased gender equality ________

A. women no longer have to care for children.

B. there is an improvement in the general health of the population. 

C. gender roles have effectively been removed.

D. the economy is likely to benefit substantially.

Your answers:









Part 4: For questions 16-25, listen to a talk about pneumonia and complete the sentences with NO  MORE THAN FOUR WORDS taken from the recording for each answer in the space provided. (2.0 pts)

o When people breathe in, through the bronchi, air travels down 16. ___________ and then reaches the  alveoli. 

o Pneumonia happened when the alveoli are infected and this cause them to 17. ___________. o The microscopic invaders such as 18. ___________ enter the body via droplets when people breathe the  air or touch their eyes, noses, or mouths after touching a source of infection. 

o 19. ___________ is the respiratory tract’s first defense to traps invaders.

o Alveoli have specialized types of white blood cells, or 20. ___________, which can envelop and eat  foreign organisms.

o Once the cause of pneumonia is found, antibiotics can be prescribed which may consist of either 21.  ___________.

o In some severe cases, pneumonia patients may need hospitalization and oxygen, 22. ___________, or  other supportive measures to assist the body in fighting the infection.

o Smoking damages the cilia, preventing them from clearing even the normal amount of 23. ___________. o People with 24. ___________ can become more susceptible to pathogens that can cause pneumonia. o For some patients even with appropriate care, the body enters a sustained fight against the infection it can’t  maintain, activating 25. ___________ throughout the body.

 Trang 2/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Your answers: 














II. LEXICO-GRAMMAR (2.0 points)

Part 1: Choose the answer A, B, C, or D that best completes each of the following sentences. Write  your answers in the corresponding numbered boxes. (1.5 pts)

26. Teenage boys, like young bulls in a herd, often __________position and want to try out their own  strength.

A. speak for B. jockey for C. front for D. whistle for 27. The third candidate for the seat is a relatively unknown __________.

A. ability B. property C. identity D. quantity 28. In an attempt to__________, she has planned a meeting with employees to discuss the issue. A. clear the air B. leave the field clear C. see her way clear D. get the all clear 29. Entry to the club is only permitted upon __________of a membership card.

A. production B. notification C. introduction D. administration 30. I just got this quarter's budget report, and we definitely need to __________and spend less going  forward.

A. call it a draw B. get the short straw C. pull in our horns D. draw a bead 31. The limousine had __________windows, so we couldn't see who was inside. 

A. hinged B. louvred C. leaded D. tinted 32. Disney executives have decided to release the film as a __________title.

A. click-through B. sell-through C. run-through D. all-through 33. The industry is __________of an intensified drive for more mechanisation. 

A. in the dock B. in the clear C. in the throes D. in the can 34. In the old days, a university education was the __________ of the rich.

A. prerogative B. initiative C. representative D. positive 35. As each question is asked each team__________ and then writes down its answer. A. goes into reverse B. goes into a huddle C. goes into raptures D. goes into service 36. In medieval times, professional perfumers would __________personal scents for their clients from six to  eight special ingredients.

A. extoll B. enchant C. concoct D. revere 37. Local businesses have been increasingly put __________by the austerity measures after the economic  crash.

A. under the bonnet B. under the knife C. under the hood D. under the cosh 38. Next month companies will be invited to__________ for a new international telecommunications  system.

A.rekindle B. tender C. eschew D. revamp  39. The economic situation is giving a lot of investors the__________.

A. dilly-dallies B. eensie-weensie C. touchy-freely D. heebie-jeebies 40. Once again she __________the intelligence report for some inspiration.

A. thumbed through B. squeaked through C. rifled through D. worked through Your answers: 


















 Part 2: Give the correct form of each given word to complete the following sentences. Write your  answers in the numbered boxes. (0.5 pt)

 Trang 3/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

41. The research is _________, using several techniques: analysis of statistical sources, literature reviews,  field studies and case-history material. DISCIPLINE

42. She may be the youngest member of the team, but she’s no_________. WEIGH 43. Although her father was a _________market trader, his wealth was modest by comparison with that of  the new jet-set. DO

44. One of the big strengths of this history is the way these themes are all _________. WEAVE 45. Older respondents tend to state their replies in honorifics; younger ones are less_________. REVERE Your answers:











III. READING (5.0 points)

Part 1: Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only ONE word in  each space. Write your answers in the space provided. (1.0 pt)

The returns to investigating in a university education vary enormously

Is a university degree a good investment? Many potential students are asking the question, especially  in countries 46. ________ the price of a degree is rising, as a result of falling government 47. ________.  Recent research suggests that the conventional wisdom remains true: a university degree 48. ________ handsomely. In America and the euro zone, for example, unemployment rates for graduates are far below  49. ________. Yet the benefit of university varies greatly among students, 50. ________ an investment in  higher education a risky bet in some circumstances. 

The value of a degree, like so much else in economics, boils 51. ________ to supply and demand.  When firms are hungry for skilled workers, their demand for university graduates grows, and the premium  tends to rise. When the supply of graduates grows faster than that of less-educated workers, in 52. ________,  the premium will stabilize or fall.

53. ________ the demand for graduates varies slightly from country to country, the trend across the  rich world is clear. For at least a century, firm have 54. ________ to hire ever more of the best educated workers. The college wage premium, however, has bounced around, as the number of graduates has not  grown so evenly. In America, the big premium graduates earned in the early 20th century melted 55.  ________ in the post-war years as universities churned out ever more of them. 

Your answers: 














Part 2: Read the article below and choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best  according to the text. (1.0 pt)

A Jolly Good Sort

It's a sweltering, steamy London day and a dehydrated horde of city types are lunching as loudly as  the steam hammers smashing up the city centre. Olivia Williams, who's chosen the venue because she once  had a delightful quiet breakfast there, decides to take matters in hand. 'Could I,' she asks the waiter, her  voice ringingly clear and tinklingly authoritative, 'be so bossy as to ask you to turn the music down? And  could I be so fussy as to ask for a little lime in my drink? He's (she points at me) got some. It's only fair I  should.'

She could, with her well-scrubbed cheeks, eccentrically cut white shirt and dark clogs, be a go getting headmistress or a coming figure in the Liberal Democrat party. Given her background — both  parents lawyers and part-time judges, and 'on the liberal wing of the judiciary': secondary education at an  academically excellent private school and English at Cambridge — she could easily be either of these things.  In fact, she's a first-rate actress, particularly adept at registering the most fleeting emotions with the most  finely nuanced facial expressions.

She's got a new film to promote, Lucky Break, an engaging prison escape comedy. In it she has a  fresh chance to display a remarkable skill. In her two most successful roles to date, she did that difficult  thing: play a good person without being nauseating. 'Yes,' she says, 'I unfortunately have, I think, proved  myself in Hollywood to be able to deliver the unsayably sugary line with conviction, which isn't necessarily

 Trang 4/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

a skill I should have developed so well. I can be very horrible if I want to be. And I can do cow. I really  can. I really enjoy it. The baddies have all the best lines. Roll on Lady Macbeth!'

All this is delivered with much gusto and gesturing. 'If you think I'm animated, you should see my  mother!' The forehead, flecked by a childhood scar, is allowed to furrow. She wears no make-up. She is  determinedly natural. And her remarks, in their breezy candor, are typical of her seeming carelessness of the  studios' sensibilities. 'A business that relies on bluster and half-truths,' she'll say of the industry, or, of a  scorned project, 'I wasn't particularly excited about being in an inane comedy.' But in contrast: 'I went to see  Lucky Break with my mates and all the people in the movie, and there was real euphoria, watching what  everyone had made together.'

Olivia Williams is at a crucial moment in her career. Despite rolling out a succession of films, she's  still best known for something she did four years ago. As an unknown, penniless actress on the verge of  jacking in the trade, she refused Kevin Costner's request, made in a personal telephone call, that she tape a  second video audition for the lead female role in the film he was making. This obviously impressed him, she  got the part, saw the film, The Postman, turn into a box-office flop, and flew to her next date with celluloid  destiny, Rushmore, in Costner's private jet. 

Her skills were nurtured at Bristol Old Vic Theatre school, to which she went after Cambridge. She  was, she says, never convinced — 'and I'm still not' — that she would make a career out of acting. For years,  she seemed to have been right. She served her time in rep. at Westcliff-on-Sea, did good work with the  Royal Shakespeare Company, elicited a rave review for a television role as Jane Fairfax in Emma, but  preCostner was mostly flogging a dead horse.

Her career trajectory is certainly odd. Her big breaks have taken place in America but she has,  through choice, followed them with a slew of lowish-budget British movies. It's not as if she's unwanted in  Hollywood or looks down her nose at it. It's merely that she can't bring herself to leave her London home  because her parents live within sight and the cycle paths are so good. Even Marylebone, a mere mile away,  makes her feel 'homesick and pathetic.'

For all the openness and jollity, there's a paid-up performer in Williams. She got the bug early, she  thinks she has it in her genes. Her elder sister, who's a solicitor, hasn't. 'She's got the more responsible  reserve. I've got the youngest-child show-off gene.' It's a slightly bumptious gene, too. 'My mother's delivery  in court is really dry and monotonous. She was going to present a case before the European court and I said,  "Frankly, your speaking voice could do with a bit of perking up."'

Olivia Williams oozes certainty and conviction. She says she has a strong sense of morality, one that  'can be misread as judgmental, prim, holier than thou.' 

But she admits to one fault. She can be deliberately unreasonable. That is what caused her to say 'no'  to Kevin Costner, not calculation or dizziness. That time it paid off but there are times when the studio says:  'Fly out tomorrow,' and she says: 'I'm sorry, but I've got something else to do. It's my father's birthday or I  have an appointment at the hairdresser's and I don't choose to break it.'

No wonder Kevin Costner crumbled before her. She is both a brilliant actress and the sort of woman  behind whom anyone would march into the jungle. Or almost anyone. As Williams adds: 'So sometimes I  didn't get on the plane and I didn't get the job. Sometimes you end up in Hollywood, and sometimes you  don't.'

56. The actress complained to the waiter because of _________

A. the heat. B. the noise outside. C. the noise inside. D. the choice of music. 57. Why is the actress's skill described as 'remarkable' in the third paragraph? 

A. Because good characters in films usually sound unreal.

B. Because she regrets the ability she has developed.

C. Because she has excelled in roles quite different from her own personality. 

D. Because the tragic roles are the most interesting ones.

58. Which of these phrases in the fourth paragraph suggests that Olivia Williams cannot help playing a part,  even in the interview?

A. 'much gusto and gesturing' B. 'determinedly natural'

C. 'breezy candor' D. 'bluster and half-truths'

 Trang 5/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

59. The word “inane” in the fourth paragraph is closest in meaning to __________? A. sentimental B. moronic C. insalubrious D. obnoxious 60. What caused Kevin Costner to offer her a starring role?

A. He felt sorry for her because she was on the point of abandoning her career.  B. He was astonished that she turned the part down at first.

C. Her belief that what he had already seen of her was enough. 

D. The first film she made with him was a great success.

61. Why is her career so far described as 'odd'? (paragraph 7)

A. Because she became an actress despite being so well educated.

B. Because she has never believed she would succeed.

C. Because she despises Hollywood, where she has been successful. 

D. Because she seems to regard it as secondary to her personal life.

62. What does Olivia Williams say about acting and the family?


A. Acting is part of a family tradition.

B. It comes naturally to anyone whose family are lavers.

C. Younger daughters are more likely to become actresses. 

D. She takes after her mother.

63. Which of these adjectives best describes Olivia Williams' personality, in the interviewer's opinion?  A. self-confident B. narrow minded C. awkward D. fatalistic 64. The phrase “perking up” in the eighth paragraph is closest in meaning to __________? A. reducing B. improving C. recognizing D. lurching 65. According to the passage, what is TRUE about Olivia William?

A. She did not receive proper education when she was young.

B. She sometimes may act unreasonably. 

C. Her relationship with other members in her family is not close. 

D. She moved to Hollywood but was not very successful there. 

Your answers:














Part 3: Read the passage and do the tasks that follow. (1.3 pt)

Corporal punishment is a controversial and widely debated topic within every society. It is  interpreted as the use of physical force for the control and correction of a child. It is a punishment for non compliance imposed on the body to inflict some degree of pain or discomfort, albeit light. Studies have shown that corporal punishment can result in immediate child obedience, however, some findings suggest  that it cannot be effective in teaching self-control and inductive reasoning to a child. Therefore, in terms of  child amenability, its shortcomings outweigh its advantages. In fact, corporal punishment advises a child not  to act in a manner that is punishable by force while in an adult’s presence, instead of teaching them not to  engage in improper conduct under any circumstances.

As part of their normal growth, children may question or test parental standards and authority. They  occasionally might choose to step out of the line to achieve something, such as affection, an object,  dominance or peer approval. While this behaviour which is considered an integral part of children’s  development process should not be discouraged, it should not be allowed without consequences either. This  way, children learn to distinguish appropriate from inappropriate and acceptable from unacceptable.

There are few issues parents feel more strongly about than those regarding the discipline and  punishment of their children. Although these two terms are usually used interchangeably, their  interpretations are quite distinct from each other: Preventing inappropriate conduct is the purpose of  punishment while the concept of discipline refers to the process of showing a child the contrast between  appropriate and inappropriate behaviours. Good discipline should be a positive force focusing on what a  child is allowed to do. Discipline aims to help a child change impetuous, spontaneous behaviour into  directed, purposeful behaviour, and it is believed that training, repetition, and encouragement can improve  discipline. Corporal punishment as one technique of discipline might be physical (spanking or slapping) or  psychological (rejection, separation from others, or deprivation of rights).

 Trang 6/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Use of corporal punishment has its supporters in society, while most believe in its mild application.  They agree that mild corporal punishment used sparingly within a nurturing environment teaches a child that  one can press the patience of others past a point of reasonable endurance. They believe that corporal  punishment can serve to reinforce parental authority, defuse the tension between parent and child, and if the  child’s behaviour is exasperating, it can reduce the parent’s fury. However, in cases where the conduct of a  child is beyond their control or completely unintentional, such as spilling water, proponents are more  cautious and say that corporal punishment should never be used.

Currently, the vast majority of people are against corporal punishment in any form. They believe that  corporal punishment employed as the exclusive method of discipline can lead to unsatisfactory and even  harmful consequences. Corporal punishment is said to have little effect on misbehaviour and shifts the  blame for the wrongdoing away from the child. Helena Williams, child psychologist, clarifies: “In order to  develop the intellectual autonomy required to act as stable, self-disciplined individuals, children need to  learn being responsible for their behaviour. A child, who is punished with spankings, shouts, and  intimidations, may learn to escape these punishments simply by not disobeying or misbehaving in that  specific situation in the presence of the person who punishes”. Moreover, there is no assurance that the  child’s conduct will improve over time or while the child is away from the person who punishes them.  Another drawback of corporal punishment is that it can lead to a child seeing punishment as an endorsement  of aggression, and deducing that an adult can have power over a younger person. Corporal punishment may  indeed stimulate feelings of anger, resentment, and profound embarrassment, and the child may even  develop unsympathetic attitudes towards the suffering of another human being. Corporal punishment often  raises the likelihood of domestic violence since it might be challenging for parents to judge the severity of  the punishment.

Another essential factor to consider is the ultimate goal parents have for their children. If the goal is  to encourage them to learn how to control their urges and become self-sufficient and autonomous adults,  they need to be disciplined with more than just punishments that function only as short-term solutions. This  can be achieved, for example, by inflicting a reasonable punishment along with a verbal clarification about  the child’s misbehaviour and what he or she can do to compensate for the wrongdoing in the  future. Explaining to children why the misbehaviour is not tolerated, allows them to reflect on their  improper behaviours, and prepares them to be accountable for their actions. This approach differs entirely  from trying to reason with the child since a child does not have to agree that parental directives are justified  to comply with them.

It is acknowledged that older children will eventually do what is right and decent, not because they  live in constant fear of future punitive measures, but mostly because they have adopted a standard initially  presented by their parents and other caregivers. Discipline is about modelling behaviour, therefore, parents  have to be in control of themselves and their own emotions, especially when their child is having “a  moment”.

It is evident that corporal punishment should be considered a severe psychological issue. It is  currently prohibited in several countries; therefore, parents do not have the right to use it unless they dare to  face charges. What is apparent, though, is that with the emergence of each new generation, this issue  becomes relevant again and causes a range of arguments.

Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in the reading passage? For questions  66 -72, write ________

YES if the statement reflects the claims of the writer

NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer

NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

66. Corporal punishment is effective in making a child compliant.

67. It is difficult to compare the benefits and shortcomings of corporal punishment 68. Parents should discourage their children from questioning their authority.

69. People usually don’t realise the difference between discipline and punishment.

70. Corporal punishment is not part of what is considered as discipline.

 Trang 7/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

71. Supporters of corporal punishment claim that it can alleviate parent’s anger.

72. Today corporal punishment is illegal all over the world.

For questions 73-78, use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS to complete the following summary. Opposition to Corporal Punishment

Opponents of corporal punishment are concerned about its adverse 73. ________ on children and  believe that it might take away 74. ________ for their misbehaviour. Children should learn to take  responsibility for their actions; otherwise, they may learn to avoid punishment by behaving while they are  being monitored. Children might also consider corporal punishment as 75. ________ of using force and  develop unfeeling attitudes toward another person’s pain. Children who are punished are at a higher risk of  abuse when adults fail to correctly adjust the severity of corporal punishment.

Question 76 to 78. Complete each sentence with the correct ending (A - F) below. A. misconduct will not be tolerated.

B. role models demonstrate the right behaviour.

C. they should take responsibility for their behaviour.

D. they should not rely solely on their parents.

E. rules are entirely fair in order to respect them.

F. they can be reasonable individuals.

76. Verbal justification for a punishment teaches children that

77. There is no need for children to accept that

78. Ultimately, children will behave well because

Your answers:





















Part 4: Read the text. Seven paragraphs have been removed. Choose from the paragraphs A- H the  one which fits each gap (79-85). There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. (0.7 pt) A RACE TO REMEMBER

Imagine, if you will, charging across sand dunes at a speed of 100 kilometers per hour, with sand  flying up at the windscreen while you try to maintain their compass steady at 25 degrees north-northwest, so  you don’t divert from your course. Now, imagine that scenario taking place over eight hours in a single day  and over a period of around 12 days. That is the reality of the world-renowned Dakar Rally. 


This year the race took place in Saudi Arabia with a total of 310 vehicles, made up of motorbikes and  cars, amongst many other categories, and only 206 of those vehicles crossed the finish line. One individual  that made it through this brutal event was Frederique Le Salles for whom it was his second rally. “Although  my first Dakar Rally was five years ago, I’ve dreamed about coming back ever since. It took me all that time  to raise the funds to enter again, and I’m overjoyed to finally return.”


As these examples show, the Rally truly does get under people’s skin, with the same competitors  returning multiple times. This gives them the benefit of experience, which is an essential attribute in this  competition. Without the modern necessities of GPS, knowing what the race takes in terms of the trials and  tribulations, gives old-timers an important mental advantage in the race, and many taking part more than  once because of this. 


The event originated from the experience of a man called Thierry Sabine who became so adrift from  the course in the 1977 Abidjian-Nice Rally that he realised his detour would make for a great race in itself.  The first Dakar Rally started in Dakar in Africa and finished in Paris, skirting around the edges of the Sahara  Desert, a grueling 10,000-kilometre trip. 


 Trang 8/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

It is here that I spoke to competitors about their expectations of and concerns for the race, as well as  finding out a bit about their preparation for such an unyielding few weeks of fierce motor racing. The  responses I received didn’t vary wildly participants’ preparation was always meticulous. 83.______

One rally driver, who is on his fifth race, told me that he believes a lot of the rally is down to luck.  “It takes just a split second to make a mistake, and so, it doesn’t matter if you’ve driven brilliantly for  thousands of kilometres, because all you need is one metre to go wrong, and you crash out. It happened to  me twice and it’s a completely soul-crushing experience.


Whether this is trully enough to be ready, only time will tell. While the financial rewards for winning  aren’t publicised (although rumour has it that they are relatively low), the accolade of winning is certainly  something money can’t buy. However, this doesn’t mean that the rally is unprofitable for all, and there are  some enterprising routes to make the rally a little more lucrative. 


The Paragraphs

A. Such is the commitment to compete that one racer, Chris Cork, sold his house in the UK in order  to secure a place on the 2015 Dakar Rally. Unfortunately, he crashed out on the fourth day and had to  undergo a difficult recovery procedure for his injuries. Undeterred, he came back the next year to compete,  with financial help from well-wishers who were touched by his story.

B. Although some entrants go it alone, with the bare-minimum requirements needed to participate,  there are many other participants who sign up with companies and receive sponsor bonuses depending on  their performance in each round. While finishing a round may be in the hands of fate, it is far more  beneficial to do it with sponsorship, as many successful rally winners know.

C. As a motorsport reporter, I've been fortunate enough to follow this competition for the last five  years, and it never ceases to amaze me how tough and committed each racer is. Rather than a test of driving,  or navigation, it is simply an epic feat of endurance. Racers are required to fix their vehicles themselves  while on a stage, and there is not even a great probability that they will be able to finish, with most  competitors crashing out or breaking down on the route.

D. Perhaps the main appeal for these riders is that it offers a sense of adventure that is hard to  parallel. The Rally covers lots of harsh terrain and the course is simply a series of written directions. In  addition to that, if they don't have any overnight repairs to keep them busy, many drivers find themselves  sleeping in tents alongside their vehicles, giving them just enough time to recuperate and get back on the  ride. Indeed, unlike many racing events, there is little luxury to be had, and this has always been the case  with the Dakar Rally.

E. There was lot of focus, as with every rally before, on the terrain, and the best ways to cope with it.  75% of the rally would take place on sand, and a great deal on sand dunes. This means hill climbs and sheer  drops, and little ability to spot landmarks to help you know where you are. And remember, if you get your  directions wrong, it can take you hours to catch up.

F. Fortunately, for many people, the Dakar Rally is a labour of love, but budget can make a  significant difference to your opportunities of succeeding. While amateurs may be sleeping aside their  vehicles relying on themselves for any repairs, professionals will have a team that can take care of their  every need at the end of each stage.

G. Although for many years Africa was its home, the location of the Rally has not remained static. It  transferred to a different continent altogether, South America, from 2009 to 2019, and more lately to Saudi  Arabia, where the vehicles have had to compete with the Middle Eastern deserts, and their scorching days  and nearly freezing nights.

H. Others are more concerned with how they'll keep their momentum up. "This will be our third  race, and we think we've finally discovered what we need to really compete with the best. We've come to  realise that the race is about resilience and technical ability, and we've been training with sleep  deprivation and motor repair exercises to make sure we've got both these qualities."

 Trang 9/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Your answers:











Part 5: Read the text, identify which section A–D each of the following is mentioned. Write ONE letter  A–D in the corresponding numbered space provided. Each letter may be used more than once. (1.0 pt) In which section are the following mentioned?

86.____ New awards could have a more significant impact if they were given to scientists who have a  greater need for financial investment.

87.____ Funding popular science communicators rather than prizes may be more worthwhile for society.  88.____ The new science awards are backed by a different type of elite.

89.____ Some scientists are unhappy about the unequal distribution of investment in science. 90.____ Scientists are suspicious of the principles underlying the new science awards. 91.____ New science awards have largely been funded by private rather than public enterprise. 92.____ The system of awarding scientists for their discoveries has not kept pace with changing scientific  practices.

93.____ The impact that generous financial incentives will have on the direction of future research. 94.____ The newer science awards are rooted in cooperation rather than individuality. 95.____ The likelihood of prize-winning scientists needing substantial financial funding is low. The New Science Awards Redefining Success


For a little over a century, in a somewhat staid and dull ceremony in Stockholm in January, the Nobel prizes  have been awarded to worthy scientists by the King of Sweden. But, as in all walks of life, times change and  science awards are no different. The new awards or 'new Nobels', as they have been dubbed, are no longer  the preserve of prestigious institutions like the Swedish Academy. Instead, they are paid for by celebrity  CEOs such as Mark Zuckerberg and other tech millionaires, with multimillion-dollar prizes and ceremonies  that are glamorous affairs reminiscent of the Oscars. And this is something that scientists generally tend not  to view in a particularly positive light. British astronomer Martin Rees says that many scientists are  undecided about the new awards. He believes that these more recent awards are steered towards showcasing  the wealthy donors as much as the scientists themselves. He is not the only award cynic and others have  joined him in voicing concerns, including American physicist Frank Wilczek who wonders about the virtues  of awarding large prizes in the advancement of science.


There are indeed some serious concerns about all this. The most worrying of which centres around the world  view and associated power of the funders, be they individuals like Zuckerberg or large global corporations.  The problem is that these elite minorities are predominantly Western with a specific shared world view of  the value of knowledge, as well as the aspects of science that are deserving of investment, be that time-based  or financial. Many people are anxious that younger researchers trying to cut their teeth in a world where  funding is increasingly competitive could easily adapt their research to the visions held by the funders of  these new awards, visions which may or may not have the interests of humanity as a whole at their heart.  Oversight is a key aspect of research in a way that it is not seen in business, especially the tech giants who  prize innovation over all other things. This shift in the motivations of those who are the guardians of science  awards should raise alarm bells for us all.


The Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences is an excellent example of this. The list of donors reads like a  who's-who of celebrity tech CEOs and the price tag attached to each prize is $3 million. Most winners are  highly regarded scientists with glittering careers and enviable publishing records. These huge prizes tend to  go to scientists who are already extremely well-funded, and it could easily be argued that they are the least  in need of such exorbitant sums. Furthermore, if these new awards and their glamourous ceremonies are  designed to bring a new breed of celebrity science to public attention, they may be wasting their time. A 

quick YouTube search will show that the world has plenty of celebrity scientists boasting millions of

 Trang 10/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

followers worldwide, such as Brian Cox or Michio Kaku. Funding that aims to bring science to the general  public should probably be diverted to the people who have proven track records in engaging people in  science. 


Despite the skepticism surrounding these new science awards, benefits do exist. In order to present a fair and  balanced analysis of the positive impacts of such awards, these benefits should be highlighted. In recent times a key criticism of the original Nobel prizes has been the fact that they do not fully represent the way in  which science is carried out in modem times. Nowadays most scientific inventions and discoveries are  collaborative. This means that they rely on the cooperation and shared knowledge and expertise of dozens of  scientists working in cross-cultural teams across several academic communities around the globe, rather than  individuals working in isolation. Since the Nobel prizes can only be awarded to three people each year,  many hard-working scientists go unnoticed, receiving little or no recognition for their contributions to  research and discoveries that simply could not have happened without them. Contrary to this system, the  Breakthrough Prize and others have been designed to reward entire teams and are therefore much wider in  their scope and inclusivity.


However, there is a danger that these prizes could be seen as paying lip service to the principles of  inclusivity and diversity. Although there are some non-Western prizes such as the Tang Prize, awarded to  those working in Asian institutions, most winning teams are located in Western nations, and global  inclusivity remains a challenge. Scientists such as Bob O'Hara, who works at a research centre in Frankfurt,  warn of the widening gap between the rich and poor among the scientific community. Instead of talking  about awards and large financial prizes, he cites as a concern the funding allocated to the search for  treatments and cures for the diseases of the rich, rather than those that are widespread amongst developing  nations. Many scientists strongly believe that the West must not just be allowed to dominate and marginalise  other nations that have much to offer in terms of knowledge and research potential. These glamorous new  science awards are a prime example of how scientists in developing nations might be able to benefit from  the prize money far more than their western counterparts might.

Your answers:














IV. WRITING (6.0 points)

Part 1. Read the following extract and use your own words to summarize. Your summary should be  about 100 – 120 words. (1.5 points)

The world after COVID-19 is unlikely to return to the world that was. Many trends already underway  in the global economy are being accelerated by the impact of the pandemic.

This is especially true of the digital economy, with the rise of digital behavior such as remote  working and learning, telemedicine, and delivery services. Other structural changes may also accelerate,  including regionalization of supply chains and a further explosion of cross-border data flows.

The future of work has arrived faster, along with its challenges—many of them potentially  multiplied—such as income polarization, worker vulnerability, more gig work, and the need for workers to  adapt to occupational transitions. This acceleration is the result not only of technological advances but also  of new considerations for health and safety, and economies and labor markets will take time to recover and  will likely emerge changed.

With the amplification of these trends, the realities of this crisis have triggered reconsideration of  several beliefs, with possible effects on long-term choices for the economy and society. These effects range from attitudes about efficiency versus resilience, the future of capitalism, densification of economic activity  and living, industrial policy, our approach to problems that affect us all and call for global and collective  action—such as pandemics and climate change—to the role of government and institutions.

 Trang 11/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Over the past two decades, in advanced economies, responsibility has generally shifted from  institutions to individuals. Yet health systems are being tested and often found wanting, while benefits from paid sick leave to universal basic income are getting a second look. There is potential for a long-term shift in  how institutions support people, through safety nets and a more inclusive social contract.

Part 2. The graphs show figures relating to hours worked and stress levels amongst professionals in  eight groups. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make  comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

 Trang 12/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh

Average number of working hours per week





30 2538



Occupations of people suffering from stress-related illness


Programmers 5%

Businessmen 11%












Lawyers 25%


Part 3. Technology stifles human creativity. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this  statement.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge of experience. You should write at least 350 words. 


Thí sinh không được sử dụng tài liệu. Cán bộ coi thi không giải thích gì thêm.

 Trang 15/15 – Đề thi thử HSGQG năm học 2021-2022– Môn Tiếng Anh