Đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30-4 lần thứ XXV – năm 2019 THPT Chuyên Lê Hồng Phong, TP Hồ Chí Minh môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 có đáp án

     Nếu bạn đang tìm kiếm tài liệu ôn luyện cho kỳ thi Olympic Tiếng Anh lớp 10, đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30-4 lần thứ XXV - năm 2019 THPT Chuyên Lê Hồng Phong, TP Hồ Chí Minh môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 có đáp án là tài liệu mà bạn không thể bỏ qua.

     Đề thi này là một trong những đề thi được rất nhiều học sinh quan tâm và tìm kiếm trên internet. Điều đó cũng chính là lý do tại sao bài viết này được viết ra, để giới thiệu và cung cấp cho bạn một nguồn tài liệu hữu ích. Đề thi Olympic truyền thống 30-4 lần thứ XXV - năm 2019 THPT Chuyên Lê Hồng Phong, TP Hồ Chí Minh môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 có đáp án bao gồm 50 câu hỏi, bao phủ toàn bộ các kiến thức cơ bản trong chương trình Tiếng Anh lớp 10.

     Các câu hỏi được thiết kế theo định dạng đa dạng, từ ngữ pháp, từ vựng, đọc hiểu đến viết. Tài liệu này không chỉ giúp bạn củng cố kiến thức và rèn luyện kỹ năng, mà còn giúp bạn nắm bắt được cấu trúc đề thi Olympic Tiếng Anh và biết cách giải các dạng câu hỏi khác nhau. Tài liệu cung cấp đáp án chi tiết và thảo luận giải đáp các câu hỏi, giúp bạn tự đánh giá được khả năng của mình và cải thiện điểm số của mình trong kỳ thi sắp tới.

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Tải xuống tài liệu





Môn thi: Anh văn - Khối: 10 

Ngày thi: 06/04/2019 

Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút 

Đề này có 08 trang. 

Thí sinh làm phần trắc nghiệm (MULTIPLE CHOICE) trên phiếu trả lời trắc nghiệm và  phần tự luận (WRITTEN TEST) trên phiếu trả lời tự luận.  

Trên phiếu trả lời trắc nghiệm, thí sinh thêm 2 số 00 vào trước số báo danh  (bằng bút chì). 

 Phần mã đề thi trên phiếu trắc nghiệm, thí sinh tô vào ô 001


I. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES (5PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following  sentences. 

1. ______ happy in the new school, he missed his old friends. 

A. Usually B. Although C. Being D. Even 2. ______ we leave at 3:00, we should get there by 5:30. 

 A. Assuming B. Having assumed C. To assume D. Assumed 3. I am sorry to keep you waiting. I hope you ______ long. 

 A. are not waiting B. don’t wait C. haven’t waited D. haven’t been  waiting 

4. It's about time you ______ the balcony. It's covered in leaves and dust. 

 A. cleaned B. had cleaned C. to be cleaned D. to have cleaned 5. Don't be silly! That ______ possibly be David Beckham! 

 A. mustn't B. shouldn't C. won't D. can't 6. –“I locked myself out of my apartment. I didn't know what to do.” 

 –“You ______ your roommate.” 

 A. could have called B. may have called C. would have called D. must have called 7. –“Did the principal of the school answer you yet?” 

 –“No, but ______ I hear from him by 5pm, I’ll let you know.” 

 A. might B. could C. would D. should 8. ______ help me make this decision. I’m just so unsure of which direction to take for my future.  A. I’d sooner you will B. I wish you will C. If only you could D. I’d rather you 9. ______ we have enough money, where would you like to travel this summer? 

A. So that B. Provided that C. Despite the fact that D. Unless 10. Twenty people were arrested during the demonstration, of ______ four were charged with obstruction.  A. who B. whom C. which D. them 

II. PHRASAL VERBS AND PREPOSITIONS (5 PTS) Choose the best options to complete the  following sentences. 

11. She was very appreciative ______ all the support she got from her friends.  

A. of B. for C. on D. with 12. Her latest novel is coming ______ in paperback soon.  

A. across B. off C. out D. about 13. As you’ve arrived late, you’ll have to ______ the time you have lost.  

A. make up to B. do up to C. do up for D. make up for  14. Mary is jealous ______ her sister because she is much more popular.  

A. on B. of C. for D. with 15. Your skirt needs taking ______; it's too large.  

A. up B. on C. over D. in 16. Can you make ______ the meaning of this passage? 

A. out B. for C. up D. into 17. He’s such a hard man to ______ as he’s always flitting from one site to another.  A. pin in B. lock in C. narrow down D. nail down 18. Don't be put ______ by his manner. He always acts that way.  

A. on B. away C. off D. down  19. His proposal met ______ total opposition from the committee. 

A. about B. by C. for D. with 20. You ought to stand ______ your little brother when the others tease him.  

A. over with B. by for C. about with D. up for III. VOCABULARY (10 PTS): Choose the best options to complete the following sentences. 

21. It is possible to ______ out of the pension scheme if you do not wish to participate. A. back B. charge C. opt D. break 22. She always gets what she wants because she knows how to ______ the rules. 

A. circumvent B. desert C. slack D. elicit 23. Anthropologists have spent years studying the social system of this ______. 

A. breed B. caste C. tribe D. sect 24. I tried to catch the mouse, but it was too ______. 

A. intentional B. obsolete C. uncommon D. elusive 25. I have no appetite and I am lethargic. I've been feeling under ______ for ages. A. pair B. stress C. par D. threat 26. Peter does everything himself because he doesn’t like to ______ control. 

A. extinguish B. relinquish C. vanish D. elicit 27. I don't know how I can ______ up the courage to tell him the awful news. 

A. pick B. pluck C. store D. set 28. I need to study more for the test. I don’t have a very good ______ of the material. A. abstract B. grasp C. hint D. gist 29. The weekend is over, so tomorrow morning it's back to the ______. 

A. grind B. labour C. drudgery D. toil 30. We could hear the monkey ______ long before we reached their cage. 

A. chatting B. chattering C. prattling D. babbling 31. Bob is so short-tempered; he should try to ______ his anger. 

A. monitor B curb C temper D stunt 32. The police ______ the woods looking for the lost child. 

A. scoured B. integrated C. traced D. encountered 33. Don't mention work to Ray, as it's a sore ______ with him at the moment. 

A. finger B. point C. place D. nail 34. The couple ______ under the umbrella to keep dry. 

A. enclosed B. muffled C. huddled D. augmented 35. A long, green snake ______ through the grass and disappeared. 

A. strutted B. slunk C. slithered D. scampered 36. This schedule isn’t final. It’s only ______. 

A. tentative B. sporadic C. contemporary D. subsequent 37. My new pullover______ to half its previous size when I washed it. 

A. shrank B. reduced C. diminished D. dwindled 38. The new accounting system ______ all my work useless. 

A. transformed B. rendered C. transposed D. converted 39. Martin just loves to ______ his teeth into a really challenging crossword. 

A. grind B. get C. put D. sink 40. The doctor said that sweets should be eaten in ______. 

A. compulsion B. restriction C. moderation D. qualification 

IV. GUIDED CLOZE (10 PTS): Read the texts below and decide which answer best fits each  space. 

Passage A: 

The case of food storage in tin cans illustrates how an invention can be successful even when it (41) ______  a new problem for the one it solves. In 1810, Peter Durand (42) ______ tremendous progress in food  preservation with his invention of the tin can. The cans were ideal for transporting food and for (43) ______  spoilage for extended periods. But consumers of canned food had to (44) ______ their own ingenuity to  open the solidly constructed cans, which sometimes outweighed the foodstuffs inside. Durand’s solution had  created a new problem, (45) ______ opening the cans. In the early days, the (46) ______ most favored was  the brute force of a hammer and chisel. In 1858, Ezra Warner designed a crude and somewhat (47) ______  can opener. Finally (48) ______ 1930, the safe design that underlies today’s common kitchen utensils had

been invented. From the (49) ______ of their introduction, however, the problem of opening the cans  (50)______ not detract from their wide acceptance as a solution to the problem of food preservation. 41. A. substitutes B. becomes C. causes D. is 42. A. provided B. invented C. made D. discovered 43. A. storing B. preserving C. keeping D. preventing 44. A. create B. know C. use D. make 45. A. easily B. especially C. hardly D. namely 46. A. consumer’s B. method C. can D. food 47. A. called B. dangerous C. safer D. sophisticated 48. A. in B. beyond C. prior D. by 49. A. latest B. way C. time D. first 50. A. did B. does C. could D. will 

Passage B: 

Two eyes help us to see in three dimensions; and two ears allow us to hear in stereo. If recent research  findings are (51) ______, two nostrils function in (52) ______ the same way. In the olfactory system, each  nostril conveys to the brain a slightly different olfactory (53) ______ upon smelling an odor. What is  perceived in combination is (54) ______ used by the brain to get a precise (55) ______ of what the odor is.  The slight difference (56) ______ the olfactory images seems to occur (57) ______ the air flows at a  different rate through each nostril, one of (58) ______ has a low flow-rate and the other a high one. Odors  that dissolve slowly have their maximum effect in the (59) ______ that has a slow movement of air.  Conversely, those that dissolve quickly have their (60) ______ effect when the air stream is moving rapidly.  Thus, air drawn into the nose will give different responses in each nostril. Not yet well understood is how  the brain processes the disparate olfactory images as a single recognizable aroma. Future studies will be  needed to completely explain this phenomenon. 

51. A. incorrect B. reported C. accurate D. similar 52. A. so B. as C. much D. such 53. A. process B. image C. where D. once 54. A. which B. earlier C. strongly D. then 55. A. meaning B. measurement C. location D. sense 56. A. in B. about C. to D. when 57. A. before B. then C. however D. because 58. A. those B. which C. each D. such 59. A. nostril B. chemical C. flow D. other 60. A. personal B. strongest C. negative D. slowest 

V. READING COMPREHENSION (10 PTS): Read the texts below and choose the best answer  to each question. 

Passage A 

Recently, researchers conducted a survey to investigate what motivates young adults to exercise. The study  might shed light on why so few college students exercise and why many stop their exercise workouts after  they graduate. Researchers analyzed responses from 937 randomly selected college students at a leading  U.S. university. What the research team found was that 39% of the male students and 26% of the female  students exercised at least three days a week for 20 minutes at a time. These exercise patterns were fairly  similar to those in surveys at other universities. The survey also revealed some critical factors which  motivate college students to exercise. 

Men who exercised regularly reported that their friends provided considerable support for them to do so.  Those who exercised only occasionally had moderate support from their friends, while those who did not  exercise at all had little or no support from friends. For women, however, the crucial motivating factor  seemed to come from family members rather than from friends. Women who exercised regularly had a great  deal of positive support to do so from their families. However, women who exercised only occasionally  received moderate levels of encouragement from their families, while those who did not work out at all  received little or no support from their families. Since college students often live far from home, women  students are likely to have a weaker support system than do their male counterparts. 

A medical professor, upon seeing the results of the study, remarked that generally there is not so much  emphasis on body performance among girls and young women. “It’s a macho thing to be able to run faster  or lift weights,” he said. “However,” he continued, “for the younger generation, this gender gap appears to  be getting smaller.” 

61. What is the main purpose of the study presented in this passage? 

A. to investigate college students’ attitudes towards good health and exercise 

B. to find out why young women don’t like to exercise

C. to learn what makes college students exercise 

D. to find the best type of exercise workout for college students 

62. What research method was used in this study? 

A. College students reported on their friends’ exercise workouts. 

B. College students reported on their families’ exercise patterns. 

C. College professors answered questions about their students. 

D. College students answered questions about themselves. 

63. What similarity between men and women did the study find? 

A. The more friends they have, the more they exercise. 

B. The more support they have to exercise, the more they exercise. 

C. The closer they live to their families, the more they exercise. 

D. The more health-conscious they are, the more they exercise. 

64. In comparison to the general college population, students at this university exercise ______. A. less often than average 

B. about the same amount as average 

C. more often than average 

D. for longer at a time than average 

65. Why does the passage mention that some college students live far from home? A. to emphasize that they do not see their families every day 

B. to criticize their life styles 

C. to show how independent they are 

D. to explain why they depend on their friends so much 

Passage B 

It has long been known that underweight, premature babies develop into children who perform worse at  school than children who had normal birth weight and were full-term. A recent study examining the effects  of birth weight on intelligence suggests that even among full-term babies the heavier ones have an  advantage. The study has been following 3,900 British men and women since their birth in 1946. Birth  weight was correlated with scores on tests of reading and arithmetic skills, non-verbal reasoning, memory,  speed, and concentration. These tests were conducted when the participants were 8, 11, 15, 26, and 43  years old. Generally speaking, the heavier children performed better on the tests. The relationship was  strongest at age 8 and then weakened over time. By age 43, the relationship was negligible. The results  were not affected by birth order, gender, father’s social class, or mother’s education and age. 

These findings must be interpreted with caution. First, the results were based on averages. Second, birth  weight is only one of numerous factors influencing cognitive function. Parental interest in education - such  as volunteering at school or helping with homework - may offset the effect of birth weight. Furthermore,  poor environmental conditions, such as living in an overcrowded home, breathing polluted air, or being  caught in a bitter divorce can diminish the early advantages enjoyed by heavier babies. 

Although no one knows exactly what makes a newborn baby heavy, it is known that healthy, well-nourished  mothers tend to have heavier babies, while those who eat poorly, smoke, and are heavy drinkers tend to  produce smaller ones. There are probably several other variables that affect birth weight, but if and how  those are connected to intelligence is not known. 

66. In this study, the researchers examined the relationship between _______. 

A. maternal nutrition and birth weight 

B. home environment and intelligence 

C. age and intelligence 

D. intelligence and birth weight 

67. What did the researchers find out about the relationship they were studying? 

A. It increased up to age 26, then decreased. 

B. It remained steady until age 26, then decreased. 

C. It decreased as the subjects grew older. 

D. It remained steady throughout the study. 

68. Which children have an advantage at school? 

A. Those who were full-term, lighter weight babies. 

B. Those who were premature but normal weight babies. 

C. Those who were full-term, heavier babies. 

D. Those who were premature babies who gained weight quickly. 

69. According to the passage, what is one possible reason to question the conclusions of the study?  A. The study did not consider some environmental factors. 

B. The study was done too long ago. 

C. The study was done on premature babies, not full term ones.

D. The study tested different children at different ages. 

70. What is the main idea of the passage? 

A. Premature babies are disadvantaged throughout their lives. 

B. Parents’ educational level affects intelligence. 

C. No one knows the exact relationship between test scores and intelligence. 

D. Bigger babies may be more intelligent than smaller ones. 

Passage C 

Diving deep into the ocean is difficult for humans, although whales do it easily. The deepest a human has  dived into the ocean without scuba gear is to 450 feet below the surface, which required him to hold his  breath for about two minutes. Humans are unable to go much deeper because at a certain point the  external pressure becomes so great it crushes the ribcage and lungs. Furthermore, lack of oxygen also  prevents humans from staying under water for long periods. It is amazing, then, that whales can dive to  depths of up to 10,000 feet and remain there for as long as two hours. Several adaptations enable the  whale to do this, among them the construction of its ribcage. Unlike humans, whales have fewer “true” ribs,  ribs joined directly to the breastbone, and more “floating” ribs, which are attached only to the preceding rib  by cartilage. This flexible design allows the whale’s ribcage to fold under pressure instead of breaking, and  for its lungs to collapse without rupturing capillaries. Also, during a dive, the whale’s heart slows to as low as  3 to 5 beats a minute. Arteries constrict, reducing blood flow to many of the whale’s less vital organs, thus  conserving oxygen and maintaining blood pressure in the brain and heart. Humans emerging too suddenly  from dives can suffer from “the bends,” when small bubbles of nitrogen gas form in body fluids and obstruct  blood flow, leading to death. Because whales collapse their lungs, air is pushed from the lungs into the  windpipe, which is lined with thick membranes, making it difficult for nitrogen bubbles to pass into the  bloodstream or other tissues. Together, these and other adaptations enable whales to dive to such depths. 

71. What are “floating” ribs? 

A. Ribs that are not attached to other ribs. 

B. Ribs that are not attached to the breastbone. 

C. Ribs that are made of cartilage. 

D. Ribs that are not able to fold under pressure. 

72. What is the main purpose of this passage? 

A. to explain why whales can do something that humans cannot  

B. to explain how humans and whales adapted 

C. to explain what happens at great depths 

D. to explain how the human respiratory system works 

73. When a whale dives, what contributes to the conservation of oxygen? 

A. Blood pressure increases. 

B. Blood flow decreases. 

C. The lungs collapse. 

D. The ribcage folds. 

74. Compared to whales, humans have ______. 

A. weaker capillaries 

B. thicker membranes in the windpipe 

C. fewer floating ribs 

D. slower heartbeats 

75. How does the whale’s ribcage differ from that of a human? 

A. The whale’s ribcage contains fewer vital organs. 

B. The whale’s ribcage can bend without breaking. 

C. Whales have fewer ribs than humans. 

D. The whale’s ribs are not attached to the breastbone. 

Passage D 

Scientists have not been able to determine the exact age of the Earth directly from its rocks. Geologists have  yet to find any of Earth’s original rocks that have not been recycled and destroyed through the process of  plate tectonics. However, scientists have been able to determine the probable age of our solar system and  to calculate an age for the Earth by looking elsewhere - to outer space. In doing so, they had to assume  that the Earth and the rest of the solid bodies in our solar system formed at the same time and are the  same age. 

Asteroids in outer space have not been subjected to the crushing forces of plate tectonics. Meteorites, which  are fragments of asteroids that fall to Earth, contain clues about planetary formation. Being primordial rocks  still in their original state, they can be dated fairly accurately by measuring the radioactive elements  remaining in them since the formation of the solar system. One group of scientists from Germany and 

another from France analyzed meteorites and reached the same conclusion: The final phase of Earth’s  formation, the separation of its metallic core from its silicate-based mantle, occurred about 30 million years  earlier than previously thought. 

The ages of more than seventy meteorites have been measured using radiometric dating techniques. The  results show that meteorites, and therefore presumably Earth, formed about 4.5 billion years ago. These  findings also push back the origin of Earth’s moon because most scientists believe that the Moon formed  from material ejected when a Mars-sized planet collided with Earth. The fact that these conclusions about  the age of the Earth were reached by two independent groups of scientists increases the weight of the  findings. 

76. What strengthens the claim made in this passage about Earth’s age? 

A. Earth and meteorites are the same age. 

B. Two separate research studies had the same results. 

C. Geologists have found Earth’s original rocks. 

D. The moon is older than previously thought. 

77. What conclusion did the French and German scientists reach? 

A. Meteorites have radioactive elements. 

B. Plate tectonics does not occur on asteroids. 

C. The Earth is older than was believed in the past. 

D. The Moon is older than the Earth. 

78. According to the passage, what is involved in “radiometric dating techniques”? 

A. using radioactivity to restore an object to its original state 

B. measuring the radioactive elements in an object 

C. calculating how many times Earth’s rocks were recycled 

D. subjecting an object to crushing forces 

79. How did scientists date the Earth? 

A. directly, by analyzing plate tectonics 

B. directly, by measuring Earth’s metallic core 

C. indirectly, by dating the Earth’s Moon 

D. indirectly, by dating meteorites 

80. What indicated the last stage in the Earth’s formation? 

A. a reduction in the crushing force of plate tectonics 

B. the separation of Earth’s core from its mantle 

C. a shower of seventy meteorites falling to Earth 

D. the collision of a Mars-sized planet with Earth 


I. CLOZE TEST (20 PTS): Read the texts below and complete each space with ONE  suitable word. 

Passage A 

Fallingwater is recognized as one of the most unique and innovative (1) ______ of American architecture of  the 20th century. Designed in 1935 by architect Frank Lloyd Wright, this beautiful house in western  Pennsylvania is actually built over a waterfall. Wright placed the house above the waterfall by anchoring it to  the (2) ______ next to the falls with concrete “trays,” (3) ______ mimic the natural shape of rock ledges. As  a(n) (4) ______, the house appears to be suspended above the waterfall, which cascades underneath it.  Wright took much care in (5) ______ Fallingwater as harmonious with nature as possible by linking the  house to its natural surroundings. He placed large windows on opposite sides of the main rooms so that the  breeze and (6) ______ of the water could flow through the house (7) ______ hindrance. Wright also  proposed covering the building in gold leaf in (8) ______ to imitate the color of dying plants, and thereby  connect the house to the (9) ______ of seasons and the passage of time. Furthermore, he added a  (10)______ of outdoor terraces where people could enjoy the cool air of the wooded valley. 

Today, Fallingwater is open to the public with its original setting, furnishings, and artwork intact. Passage B 

Global warming may be threatening one of the world’s most important crops: rice. Increased nighttime  temperatures are associated with significant declines in crop (11) ______, according to a study conducted  by researchers at the International Rice Institute. The researchers analyzed twelve years of rice production  along with twenty-five years of temperature data. This study, a direct measurement of yields produced  under normal field conditions, using (12) ______ that good farmers normally employ, has confirmed  previous simulations and suggests that (13) ______ increases due to global warming will make it  increasingly difficult to feed the Earth’s growing population. Average (14) ______ temperatures, which  increased 0.35 degrees Celsius over the (15) ______ of the study, have little effect on rice production.  However, a strong correlation exists between warmer nighttime temperatures, which have risen an average 

of 1.1 degrees, (16) ______ decreasing rice yields. Although the underlying (17) ______ of this relationship  is unknown, researchers speculate that plants work harder to maintain themselves in (18) ______ to the  warmer nights and consequently divert energy from growth. Thus, an average (19) ______ of just one  degree Celsius can (20) ______ in a ten percent reduction in yields. Similar findings have been reported for  corn and soybean yields in the United States. 


PART 1: Complete each sentence, using the correct form of the word in parentheses. 1. They were in search of ______ archaeological remains. (DATE) 

2. He always gets ______ aggressive when he’s drunk. (RESTRAIN) 

3. The drop in share prices in March was a ______ of the financial crash that followed in June. (RUN) 4. She sang the first three verses with a piano and the last verse ______. (COMPANY) 5. I really didn't mean to offend her - I just said it ______. (THINK) 

6. They were accused of ______ in their treatment of the hostages. (HUMAN) 

7. Alcohol is a ______ factor in 10% of all road accidents. (CONTRIBUTE) 

8. He had to face up to his own ______ as a father. (ADEQUATE) 

9. It was ______ a step in the right direction. (QUESTION) 

10. Hospital beds were scarce and medicines were practically ______. (EXIST) 

PART 2: Complete the passage with the appropriate forms from the words given in the box. 



One of the most lethal poisons on Earth, ten thousand times more deadly than cyanide, is tetrodotoxin,  more concisely known as TTX. Its potency is well known in East Asia, where it regularly kills (11)______  who have braved the capricious (12) ______ known as puffer fish. This toxin has a (13) ______ method of  operation: twenty-five minutes after (14) ______, it begins to paralyse its victims, leaving the victim fully  aware of what is happening. Death usually results, within hours, from suffocation or heart failure. There is  no known antidote. If lucky patients can (15) ______ the symptoms for twenty-four hours, they usually  recover without further (16)______. It is no ordinary poison. What is strange about its (17) ______ is that it  is found in such a wide range of creatures, from algae to angelfish spanning entire kingdoms of life. It is  rather unlikely that such an unusual toxin evolved (18) ______ in so many unrelated animals. Marine  biologists have discovered that the poison is produced by bacteria living in the gut of its host. The best  explanation is that a symbiotic relationship exists between host and the not (19) ______ guest, where  microbes exchange poison for nutrients, providing a valuable (20) ______ weapon for its host. 

III. ERROR CORRECTION: (10PTS) The following passage contains 10 errors. Identify and  correct them. 


Vitamins are good for our health, aren't they? Perhaps not. New research suggests that rather  than ward off disease, high doses of certain vitamins may make more harm than good and  could even put you in an early grave. Some recent studies suggest that far from improving  health, these vitamins, when taken at very high doses, may actually increase the risks of  5 

cancer and a range of debilitating diseases, a discovery that has sent the medicinal world into  a spin. Scientists are unsure as to when vitamins, so essential to health, can be toxic in high  doses. The most likely explanation is that the body is only equipped to deal with the levels  found naturally in the environment. If the intake is too far for the normal range, then the  body's internal chemistry must be shunted out of alignment. What this means is that the  10 

commercially sold vitamins and those provided by nature is not always compatible. The  commercial forms may interfere with the body's internal chemistry by “crowding out” the  most natural and beneficial forms of the nutrients. The vitamins obtained in food are also  allied with a host of other substances which may moderate or augment its activity in the  body. The latest advice is to eat a balance diet to ensure you get all the nutrients you need,  15 

and if you must take supplements make sure you take the lowest recommended dose and  follow the instructions on the bottle. 

IV. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION: (20 PTS) Rewrite the following sentences using the words  given. 

1. People know more about my novels than the plays I write. (BETTER) 

I'm ___________________________________________. 

2. The staff hated his new policies intensely and so went on strike. (HATRED) 

So intense ______________________________________________.

3. Your attitude to life would be greatly improved by regular exercise. (WONDERS) Regular exercise would __________________________________. 

4. There is someone in the office twenty-four hours a day. (STAFFED) 

The office ____________________________________. 

5. Do you think her grandmother was offended by what I said? (EXCEPTION) 

Do you think ________________________________________? 

6. His behavior at the conference gave him the bad reputation he now has. (CONDUCTED) The way _________________________________________________. 

7. Unless we can obtain more information, we can't process your claim. (FORTHCOMING) Unless further ___________________________________________. 

8. Our teacher thinks it would be better to get on as quickly as possible. (MUCH) Our teacher would prefer us ________________________________. 

9. I had to wait for the manager for almost an hour before he would see me. (BEST) The manager kept ___________________________________________. 

10. They remain close friends despite having had many arguments. (FALL) 

Frequently as ________________________________________. 


Họ và tên thí sinh: ................................................................................................................................ Số báo danh: ........................................................................................................................................

ĐÁP ÁN CHÍNH THỨC OLYMPIC 10 (2019) Phần trắc nghiệm (0.5 pt each) 

1. B. Although 

2. A. Assuming  

3. D. haven’t been waiting 4. A. cleaned 

5. D. can't 

6. A. could have called 7. D. should 

8. C. If only you could 9. B. Provided that  

10.B. whom 

11.A. of 

12.C. out 

13.D. make up for  

14.B. of 

15.D. in 

16.A. out 

17.D. nail down 

18.C. off  

19.D. with 

20.D. up for 

21.C. opt  

22.A. circumvent  23.C. tribe  

24.D. elusive 

25.C. par  

26.B. relinquish  27.B. pluck  

28.C. hint  

29.A. grind  

30.B. chattering 31.B. curb  

32.A. scoured  33.B. point  

34.C. huddled  35.C. slithered  36.A. tentative  37.A. shrank 

38.B. rendered  39.B. get  

40.C. moderation  

41.A. substitutes 42.C. made  

43.D. preventing 44.C. use  

45.D. namely 46.B. method  47.B. dangerous  48.D. by 

49.C. time  

50.A. did  

51.C. accurate  52.C. much  

53.B. image  

54.D. then 

55.D. sense 

56.A. in  

57.D. because 58.B. which  

59.A. nostril 

60.B. strongest  

61.C. to learn what makes college students exercise 

62.D. College students answered questions about themselves. 63.B. The more support they have to exercise, the more they exercise. 64.B. about the same amount as average 

65.A. to emphasize that they do not see their families every day 66.D. intelligence and birth weight 

67.C. It decreased as the subjects grew older. 

68.C. Those who were full-term, heavier babies. 

69.A. The study did not consider some environmental factors. 70.D. Bigger babies may be more intelligent than smaller ones. 71.B. Ribs that are not attached to the breastbone. 

72.A. to explain why whales can do something that humans cannot  73.B. Blood flow decreases. 

74.C. fewer floating ribs. 

75.B. The whale’s ribcage can bend without breaking. 76.B. Two separate research studies had the same results. 77.C. The Earth is older than was believed in the past. 78.B. measuring the radioactive elements in an object 79.D. indirectly, by dating meteorites 

80.B. the separation of Earth’s core from its mantle 

Phần tự luận

OPEN CLOZE (1 pt each) 

1. works  

2. rock  

3. which  

4. result / consequence 5. keeping / making 6. sound  

7. without 

8. order 

9. change 

10.number / lot 


12.practices / methods 13.temperature  






19.increase / rise 20.result

WORD FORMATION (1 pt each) 1. undated  

2. unrestrained 

3. forerunner  

4. unaccompanied  

5. unthinkingly 

6. inhumanity  

7. contributory  

8. inadequacy/ inadequacies  9. unquestionably  







16.complications  17.occurrence  18.independently  19.unwelcome  20.defensive 

ERROR IDENTIFICATION (1 pt each) 1. line 2: make 🡪 cause/do 

2. line 4: at 🡪 in 

3. line 5: medicinal 🡪 medical 

4. line 6: when 🡪 why 

5. line 8: for 🡪 above 


6. line 9: must 🡪 can / may / might 7. line 10: is 🡪 are 

8. line 12: in 🡪 from 

9. line 13: its 🡪 their 

10.line 14: balance 🡪 balanced 

1. I'm better known as a novelist than as a playwright. // 

I’m better known for my novels than for the plays I write.  

2. So intense was the hatred for his new policies (that) the staff went on strike. // So intense was the staff’s hatred for his new policies (that) they went on strike.  3. Regular exercise would do wonders for your attitude to life. 

4. The office is staffed twenty-four hours a day. 

5. Do you think her grandmother took exception to what I said? 

6. The way he conducted himself at the conference gave him the bad reputation he now has. 7. Unless further information is forthcoming, we can't process your claim. 8. Our teacher would prefer us to make as much progress as we can. 

9. The manager kept me waiting for the best part of an hour before he would see me. 10.Frequently as they fall out (with each other), they remain close friends.