Đề thi chọn đội tuyển học sinh giỏi THPT Vòng 1 TP Hồ Chí Minh môn Tiếng Anh năm 2010-2011

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SỞ GIÁO TP HỒ CHÍ MINH ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC LISTENING (7 pts) PART 1 HỌC SINH GIỎI THPT CẤP THÀNH PHỐ KHÓA NGÀY: 27-10-2009 – NĂM HỌC: 2009-2010 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH – BÀI THI 2 Thời gian làm bài: 180 phút Đề này gồm 4 trang Listen to the recording and fill each gap with THREE WORDS. The recording will be played twice. Having a good memory doesn't really mean (1). want. Here are some steps to do it. First, a (2)__. remember them easily. Second, it also helps if you (3). use your memory to remember things you the things you want to remember can help you something concrete or a set of facts. Finally, things can be remembered better if you visualize them - see something (4). Memorizing means fixing something firmly in your memory. One way is (5). many times until you can recall them all. Keep doing that until you can recall them as quickly as you do with your own name. Once you can do this, you have come to (6) in your memory for a long time? To do this, (7) But are you sure you can keep those things things you have learned everyday, every two time to days, every three days... If you can remember things easily after 3 days, then you can (8) only once a week.

PART 2 I hope this talk is helpful to you in some way. Listen to the recording and do as directed. The recording will be played twice. Questions 1-3, choose the correct answer A-D. 1. What do both Anthea and Marco want to discuss with the adviser? A. changing courses C. future careers 2. Which of the following does Anthea NOT want? A. to work outdoors C. to work with people B. study plans D. assignments B. to work in an office 3 D. to work in a lab 3. The adviser says that Anthea will have to work with people as A. co-workers C. patients B. clients D. friends Questions 4-8 Complete the summary. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Both Anthea and Marco want to study and work in an area that involves problem solving. For Marco the adviser suggests one of the health sciences. Personal attributes he will require include (4) because he will often have to deal with people who are (6) the adviser suggests forensic science because she is the kind of person who is (7)_ (8). PART 3 and (5). which are two of the attributes necessary for this field. For Anthea and Listen to the recording and decide whether each sentence below is TRUE or FALSE. Write TRUE or FALSE in your ANSWER SHEET. The recording will be played twice. 1. It's best for children to start playing an instrument at the age of eight or nine. 2. The natural beginning for children is to listen to others play music. 3. Printed music should be introduced to children they before feel that their instrument is part of them. 4. The score can help the children transform the music they hear. to 5. Playing by chord symbol is done before the children read a standard musical score. 6. Children learning to play music need not go through these steps chronologically. TERROR CORRECTION (2.5 pts) Read the passage carefully. There are 10 mistakes in it. Find and correct them. You should list them in the order they appear in the passage. Hysterical amnesia is of two main types. One involves the failure to recall particular past events or so falling within a particular period of the patient's life. This is essentially retrograde amnesia but it does not appear to depend upon an actual brain disorder, past or present. In the second type there is failure to register and, accordingly, later to recollect-current events in the patient's going life. This is essentially antegrade amnesia and, as an ostensibly psychogenic phenomena, would appear to be rather rare and almost always encountered in cases in which there has been a preexisting amnesia of organic-pridin. Rarely, amnesia appears to cover the patient's entire life, extending even to his own identity and all particulars of his whereabouts and circumstances. Although most dramatically, such cases are extremely rare and seldom whole convincing. They usually clear up with relative rapidity, with or without psychotherapy.

Hysterical amnesia differs from organic amnesia in important respects. As a rule it is sharply bounded, relating only to particular memories, or groups of memories, often of direct or indirect emotional significance. It is also usually motivated in which it can be understood in terms of the patient's needs or conflicts; e.g., the need to seek financial compensation after a road accident causing a mild head injury or to escape the memory of an exceptional distressing or frightening event. Hysterical amnesia may also extend to basic school knowledge, such as spelling or arithmetic, which is never seen in organic amnesia but there is concomitant aphasia or a very advanced state of dementia. A most distinctive feature of hysterical amnesia is that it can almost always be relieved by some procedures as hypnosis. Although distinguishing organic from psychogenic amnesia is not always easy, it can usually be achieved at the basis of such criteria, especially when there is no reason to suspect actual brain damage. READING COMPREHENSION (3 pts) PASSAGE A Six sentences have been taken out of the passage. Read the passage carefully and put the sentences back into the correct spaces. There is one extra sentence. A. Several theories have been advanced to explain acupuncture's effectiveness in this regard. B. The needles used may be slightly arrow headed or may have extremely fine points. C. The yin, the female principle, is passive and dark and is represented by the earth; the yang, the male principle, is active and light and is represented by the heavens. D. Basic to traditional Chinese medicine is the dualistic cosmic theory of the yin and the yang. E. Some Western observers studying the method have suggested that acupuncture analgesia is plainly a placebo analgesia-which does not, however, detract from its effectiveness. F. The location of the points is mastered by the use of innumerable diagrams and models. G. Acupuncture is designed to affect the distribution of yin and yang in these channels so that the ch'i will be enabled to flow freely and harmoniously. Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese medical technique for relieving pain, curing disease, and improving general health. It was devised before 2500 BC in China and by the late 20th century was used in many other areas of the world. Acupuncture consists of the insertion of one or several small metai needles into the skin and underlying tissues at precise points on the body. Acupuncture grew out of ancient Chinese philosophy's dualistic cosmic theory of the yin and the yang. (1) The forces of yin and yang act in the human body as they do throughout the natural universe as a whole.

Disease or physical disharmony is caused by an imbalance or undue preponderance of these two forces in the body, and the goal of Chinese medicine is to bring the yin and the yang back into balance with each other, thus restoring the person to health. An imbalance of yin and yang results in an obstruction of the vital life force, or chi's, in the body. The fundamental energy of the ch'i flows through 12 meridians, or pathways, in the body, each in turn associated with a major visceral organ (liver, kidney, etc.) and with a functional body system. (2)_______ The actual practice of acupuncture consists of inserting needles into any of hundreds of points located over the 12 basic meridians and over a number of specialized meridians. (3)________________. The typical insertion is 3 to 10 mm (0.1 to 0.4 inch) in depth; some procedures call for insertions up to almost 25 cm (10 inches). Once inserted, a needle may be twisted, twirled, or connected to a low-voltage alternating current for the duration of its use. The physician frequently inserts needles at a considerable distance from the point on which they are to act; for example, a needle inserted into the pad of the thumb is expected to produce analgesia in the abdomen. Similarly, successive points on a specific meridian may affect widely different areas or conditions; e.g., the first six points of the yin lung meridian deal primarily with swollen joints, excessive heat in joints, bleeding of the nose, heart pains, mental depression, and inability to stretch the arms above the head. (4) Acupuncture appears somehow to be effective in relieving pain and is routinely used in China as an anesthetic during surgery. Western visitors have witnessed ambitious (and ordinarily painful) surgical operations carried out on fully conscious Chinese patients locally anesthetized only by acupuncture. (5) There is speculation that the needle insertions stimulate the body's production of such natural opiates (painkilling chemicals) as endorphins or enkephalins. Others have posited that the minor stimulation of acupuncture selectively acts on impulse transmission to the central nervous system, thus closing certain neurological "gates" and blocking the transmission of pain impulses from other parts of the body. (6) Chinese assertions that acupuncture can actually cure disease defy rational clinical practice and have yet to be substantiated by Western medical researchers.

PASSAGE B The following passage has seven sections AG. Choose the correct heading for each of the sections from the list of headings below. The first one has been done for you. List of Headings 1. Unclear Classification of Drugs II. Widespread Popularity of Drugs III. Science and Sports IV. Kinds of Drugs V. Performance-Enhancing Drugs as a Controversial Issue VI. Sociological Discussion of Performance-Enhancing Drugs VII. Arguments for Bans on Athletes Taking Drugs VIII. Harmful Consequences of Drugs PAIX. Supportive Arguments For Drug Use Section A 0. Section A V. HUMAN PERFORMANCE AND THE USE OF DRUGS how 08 Although performance-enhancing drugs were known as early as the 19th century, when professional cyclists used strychnine as a stimulant, the widespread use of drugs began in the 1960s. It is a practice that cuts across national and ideological boundaries. Sociologists investigating the phenomenon of drug use in sports normally put aside the moral outrage that characterizes media coverage of and political commentary on this issue. Media personnel tend to focus on the actions of high-profile stars such as Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson and Irish swimmer Michelle Smith, whose Olympic gold medals were stripped away or sadly tamished by the suspicion of drug use. Whenever a prominent athlete tests positive for a banned substance, journalists, politicians, and sports administrations are likely to respond with calls for zero-tolerance policies. In contrast, sociologists ask: What is a drug? What are the social and sporting roots of drug usage? Why is the focus almost exclusively on drugs that enhance performance? What would constitute a viable policy for drug usage? Section B Three broad categories of drugs have been identified: recreational, restorative, and additive, or performance-enhancing, drugs. While attention is focused on recreational drugs such as marijuana and cocaine or on anabolic steroids (synthetic compounds of the male hormone testosterone) and other. performance-enhancing drugs, little or no attention is given to drugs that restore athletes to fitness. This is unfortunate because the overuse of vitamins and food supplements can also be detrimental to an athlete's health. Greater consideration should be given to all categories of drug consumption, not just to the abuse of cocaine and anabolic steroids.

Section C One hindrance to the formulation of a rational policy about drugs is the often tenuous distinction between the natural and the artificial. This is especially true for vitamins, special diets, human growth hormones, and blood doping (the extraction and later infusion of an athlete's own blood). In addition, there is no hard-and-fast distinction between different categories of drugs; some drugs, such as beta-blockers, fall into both the restorative and performance-enhancing categories. Section D In examining the case for and against the implementation of bans on athletes who test positive for drug use, several key arguments can be identified: The most widely used argument for a ban is that performance-enhancing drugs confer an unfair advantage on those who use them. This argument brings the ethics of sports into play, along with the notion that athletes have a moral duty not only to adhere to the rules but also to serve as role models. Also widely used is the argument that drugs harm the athletes' health. The "harm principle" asserts or implies that athletes must be protected from themselves. Closely associated with both arguments is the notion that bans act as a deterrent, preventing athletes from cheating and from inflicting harm on themselves. Section E The counterargument is twofold. The argument based on fairness is said to be unpersuasive because drugs would confer no special advantage if they were legalized and made available to all athletes. Proponents of this viewpoint also note that the rules now in force allow athletes from wealthy nations to train more efficiently, with better coaching and equipment, than athletes from poorer countries, a situation that is manifestly unfair.

The argument based on the "harm principle" is said to treat athletes as children. Adult athletes should be allowed to decide for themselves whether they want to harm their health by drug use. Section F Sociologists have contributed to the debate on drugs by pointing out that focusing on the actions of the athlete individualizes the issue of drug usage rather than examining the social roots of drug consumption. Among the causes of drug usage that have been identified are the medicalization of social life and the vastly increased importance of sports as a source of self-esteem and material benefits. Victory has always brought greater rewards than defeat, but the differences are now on an unprecedented scale. Sociologists have also raised questions about privacy rights being violated by mandatory drug testing and about the meagre resources being provided for the rehabilitation of drug offenders. Section G The growth of biotechnological intervention in human affairs, including the potential impact of genetic engineering, also raises many issues for sports. While many people uncritically accept this type of intervention in the context of restorative medicine, the boundary line between rehabilitation and enhancement, as in the case of drugs, is not clear. Reconstructive surgery, implants, and technological adjustments contribute, along with drug use and masochistically intense training regimes, to the creation of what John M. Hoberman calls "mortal engines." These interventions into the "natural" body have to be considered within the broader debate concerning sports and what it is to be human.

SENTENCE COMPLETION (2.5 pts) Complete the sentences, using your own words and ideas. You CANNOT write more than 20 words for each sentence. 1. Such was 2. Contrary 3. It goes 4. Were it 5. We'd best 6. It is my considered 7. The more 8. Having to 9. Nobody who 10. Down WRITING (5 pts) ongiadue bannede hot infog sonstol-oes not spazo pins to aloo edsiv a sluttenco blow 8 hollowe sond een T ricerins-sonarmoheg dns-donemoheg used etenunoinu biano testo riser! ablonofa sidens bna niso to 3 notes nol en pl somerlan erbs imden sil nesad boold bns 2enommod bas s A/ In no more than 200 words, write a composition on this topic: Some students like to attend local universities, others prefer to study abroad. What is your opinion? B/ In no more than 300 words, write an essay on this topic: Heats There are often conflicts between parents and their children on the children's career choice. Make an argument for or against each side. Or, can you suggest a compromise? bansang sd of Bise alabamist no bsaad Inst of aideleve abom bos betegel now THE END OF THE TEST on etnoo blow aqub sau